Boom to Bust By: bayan alarumi

Economy

The farmers income decreasing overtime leading towards their depression.
Farmers collecting what's left of their crops after overproducing.

The economy in the 1920s was booming. Consumerism and the growth of industry rose and expanded. There were more investors as well as the population. However, when the Great Depression hit, all went down hill. People sold their belongings and property because they either went into foreclosure or couldn't afford it. On the other hand, farmers faced different conditions. They were not thriving or booming in the 1920s as the cities did. The farmers were vulnerable and in desperate need of support from the government. Farmers were already losing farms and houses to foreclosure and their rural banks were already closing. By the 1930s, angry farmers were destroying trucks, protesting, and over producing crops which led to failure and a horrific storm.

Government

Farmers organizing/planting their crops before the Great Depression hits them without any guide from the government.
Farmers trying to plant more trees after the dust bowl hitting them with no assistance from the government.

The government in the 1920s were giving no support or interference towards business in any way. Complete laissez-faire took into place. Through this, businesses had more power to do whatever they wanted to workers and the prices without permission from the government. By the 1930s, president Hoover did not do any good for the people except anger them. His actions were too slow and too little. After FDR was elected for president, he immediately cut laissez-faire and announced a new deal and restored faith and trust with the people. Nonetheless, the farmers and African Americans had no support due to laissez-faire in the 1920s leading them to overproduction and crop failure. By the 1930s, farmers were finally getting the attention they needed when FDR created the Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA) which set limits on the size of the crops and herds farmers could produce. He also created the Civilian Conservation Corp (CCC) which hired teenage boys and young men to assist in disaster relief, plant trees, create parks and preserve natural areas. The African Americans were also given the opportunity justice after FDR created the black cabinet with high-ranking appointees who advised FDR on African American issues throughout the nation. Additionally, bankers and stockbrokers made millions and enjoyed a rich luxury being wild and irresponsible without the government stocking them from the manipulation they put on other Americans in the 1920s. Nonetheless, they lost million of the money they had earned from stocks and were the first to go down during the Depression in the 1930s. However, the government then established the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) which raised confidence in the banks by guaranteeing $2500 to depositors in case of another future emergency. Another program was the Truth-In-Securities-Act, which required corporations to provide the public with complete and truthful information about the value of their stocks.

African Americans working hard in the fields getting no attention or support from the government.
The Black Cabinet made by FDR in the 1930s to pronounce issues involving the African American society.
Stockbrokers at Wall Street manipulating people and making millions without the government stopping them.
Stockbrokers selling their property after the depression hits because the government never modeled them to the right path beforehand.
FDR taking a relief action of creating a bank holiday of closing all banks to infuse $2 billion in the banking system so they can re-open.

Home Life

African Americans were suffering severe racial tensions at this moment claiming that the blacks were taking up jobs.
African Americans living in poor, unsanitary conditions after having to sell their property for being in foreclosure.

The home life in the 1920s was luxurious with expensive clothing that became daring and chances of buying on credit. With more Americans living in the cities than the farms, the nation's total wealth more than doubled. However in the 1930s, the unemployment rate increased by 25%, with severe poverty and more soup kitchens. Hoovervilles were a shantytown built by unemployed and destitute people during the Depression. They were made with scraps, paper, cardboard, and they were unsanitary. Moreover, the children suffered both and short term effects due to these conditions growing up. As it turns out for the African Americans and women, they had more freedom and more opportunities after the Harlem Renaissance boomed and the rights were gained. Even though their houses were in poor conditions (African Americans), they still took advantage of their freedom without anything bringing them down. However, it didn’t last very long. In the 1930s, African Americans unemployment rate increased greatly as the white men took over their jobs after being unemployed. Additionally, they suffered severe racial tensions and were the “Last hired and first fired.” Along with the women, their roles in the household enhanced as they juggled to make ends meet. They also had to sew their own clothing and bake their own food that they wouldn’t usually make themselves.

Women are thriving in fashion, and gaining the rights they deserve in the 1920s.
Women are being put to more work and having to make their own foods, clothing that they didn't have to do before after the depression hits.

Leisure Time

African Americans are booming after the Harlem Renaissance is formed which is a cultural, social, and artistic explosion of black talent.
After the Great Depression hit, not only African Americans but whites as well, listened to fireside chats by FDR revealing the latest news updates the people should know.

There were many options to choose for leisure time in the 1920s. People came together to make music, dances, etc. also known as the Harlem Renaissance. They also liked to play sports along with watching them. Many Americans liked to watch Babe Ruth (was an American professional baseball player whose career in Major League Baseball spanned 22 seasons) play in his games. On the other hand, people barely had enough money to eat or enjoy themselves in the 1930s as they did in the 20s. Watching movies at the cinema cut down from almost everyday to only once a week, and multiple novels and cartoon characters became popular (Mickey Mouse, The Grapes of Wrath) to glimpse at to distract them from reality’s problems. One of the main entertainments was listening to FDR’s fireside chats over the radio telling them about the latest news updates. Africans Americans viewed their leisure time very similar as well. Throughout the 1920s, they became initiated what is known as the Harlem Renaissance which was the explosion of black talent in the 1920s. They prospered and began to be heard and seen by others. By the 1930s however, they were suffering relentless cases of racial tension to the point where some individuals were turned away at soup kitchens.

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