What is a vitamin?
Vitamins are organic compounds that are needed in small amounts for growth and maintaining good health. Not consuming enough vitamins can result in medical problems. Vitamins can be either water-soluble or fat-soluble.
Water-soluble vitamins do not stay in the body for a long time- they will quickly be excreted in urine. The body needs more water-soluble vitamins because of how quickly they are used up. Water-soluble vitamins include all the B vitamins and vitamin C.
Fat-soluble vitamins are stored in the liver and the fatty tissues of the body. They are easier to store than water-soluble vitamins and can stay in the body as reserves for days, with some even staying in the body for months. They are absorbed through the intestinal tract with the help of lipids. Fat-soluble vitamins include vitamins A, E, D, and K.
What is a mineral?
A mineral is a chemical element required as a nutrient by organisms to perform necessary life functions. The main minerals in the human body are: calcium, phosphorus, potassium, sodium, and magnesium.
Vitamin B6 is needed to help convert food into energy and also helps the body metabolize fats and proteins. They are also important for healthy hair, skin, liver, and eyes. B6 is also needed for brain development and function, and to make the hormones serotonin and norepinephrine, which affect mood. B6 also help the body make melatonin, which is important in helping regulate your internal clock.
The recommended daily intake of vitamin B6 is: 1.3 milligrams for men and women aged 19-50; 1.7 milligrams in men aged 51 and over; and 1.3 milligrams in women aged 51 and over. A vitamin B6 deficiency can cause nerve damage in the hands and feet. Too much B6 over time can be toxic, and can cause irreversible nerve damage and tingling in the extremities. Too much B6 can also cause oversensitivity to sunlight, which can lead to skin rashes and numbness, as well as nausea, abdominal pain, loss of appetite, and increased liver function test results.