Montgomery Bus Boycott

On December 1, 1955, four days before the boycott began, Rosa Parks, an African-American woman, refused to yield her seat to a white man on a Montgomery bus. She was arrested and fined. The boycott of public buses by blacks in Montgomery began on the day of Parks’ court hearing and lasted 381 days.

As news of the boycott spread, African-American leaders across Montgomery, Alabama’s capital city, began lending their support. December 5, black leaders met to form the Montgomery Improvement Association (MIA). The group elected Martin Luther King Jr.

Many white people did not like the court's decision. Some people put bombs in black churches and the home of black leaders. Some of the bombers were arrested, they were part of a hate group called the KU KIUX KLAN.

As news of the boycott spread, African-American leaders across Montgomery, Alabama’s capital city, began lending their support. Black ministers announced the boycott in church on Sunday, December 4, and the Montgomery Advertiser, a general-interest newspaper, published a front-page article on the planned action. Approximately 40,000 African-American bus riders–the majority of the city’s black bus riders–boycotted the system the next day. On the afternoon of December 5, black leaders met to form the Montgomery Improvement Association (MIA).

The related civil suit was heard in federal district court and, on June 4, 1956, the court ruled in Browder v. Gayle (1956) that Alabama's racial segregation laws for buses were unconstitutional. As the state appealed the decision, the boycott continued. The case moved on to the United States Supreme Court.

Day Without Immigrants (or A Day Without Immigrants) was a protest and boycott that took place on February 16, 2017, to demonstrate the importance of immigration, and to protest President Donald Trump's plans to build a border wall and to potentially deport millions of illegal immigrants.

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Created with images by TradingCardsNPS - "Civil Rights Marchers Selma to Montgomery March"

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