- Definition: A lack in recognition of colors, caused by a deficiency of certain specialized cells in the retina that are sensitive to different colors.
- Cause: Most color vision problems are genetically inherited and are present at birth.
- Statistics: As many as 8 percent of men and 0.5 percent of women with Northern European ancestry have the common form of red-green color blindness.
- When is the birth defect detected: Inherited color vision deficiency is usually diagnosed in early childhood using simple screening tests.
- Treatment: There is no treatment for inherited color blindness. If color blindness is caused by another condition, treating the underlying cause can help. There are also contacts or glasses to enhance the brightness between colors.
- Cure: There is no known cure
- Long term effects: You will just have a difficult time telling certain colors apart from each other such as blue and yellow or red and green.
- How is it detected: The Hardy-Rand-Rittler and Ishihara color plates are used to detect the type and degree of color deficiency.
- Symptoms: Color blindness usually is self-diagnose it involves the inability to distinguish between shades of red and green.
Characteristics: Cant see the difference in colors or cant see colors at all.