Unusual rhythmic irregularities in the melodic line, use of whole-tone scale, A conventional large-scale form (AABA with eight-bar sections), From time to time, intriguing harmonies that break the conventional “rules” of jazz harmony…Extremely trendy and fashionable in West during 1950s
Arrives New York in 1959... avant-garde jazz starts. In 1969, Coleman took 8 players in a composition titled 'Free Jazz'. One of the most influential albums in avant-garde era...
John Coltrane; exploratory seeker
Coltrane and the Avant-Garde:
- Increased use of multiphonics, dialogue within his solos... in 1965, his album "Ascension" gave significant movement in jazz avant-garde... resembles Ornette Coleman's "Free Jazz" but more dissonant
- anticipated in black activism... wider in middle-class society, special aim at the war in Vietnam which many thought useless.