Food and Feasts By Riley Sheehan

How many meals do people generally eat each day?

Back during the Renaissance, under the rule of Queen Elizabeth I, most people only had two meals a day. "Dinner," which was at 10. AM - what we would call our modern day breakfast, and "Supper," which was at 5. PM to avoid eating during the dark hours of the day, - what we would call our modern day dinner. "Dinner," was casual compared to "Supper," but the same type of etiquette was obtained, and it was way more filling.

What type of dishes/silverware were used by the wealthy and lower classes?

Encyclopædia Britannica ImageQuest ----------------------- Title : Trece¤o; restaurante "Palacio de Guevara"; comedor del palacio renacentista File Name : 144_1581978-W.jpg ID Number : 144_1581978 Caption : Trece¤o; restaurante "Palacio de Guevara"; comedor del palacio renacentista Credit : Miguel Raurich / Album / Universal Images Group

Most people back during this time used the same eating utensils we do nowadays. Including; drinking glasses, bowls, plates, spoons and knives (usually their very own). In lower classes there were never any forks on the tables. Forks were only ever seen on the tables of the rich, they weren't very common throughout the country during this time. Queen Elizabeth I was even said to have owned a set of golden forks, but she never used them.

Lord Capulet throws a huge party, feast and all. What foods were likely to be served at this event?

Encyclopædia Britannica ImageQuest ----------------------- Title : The Works of Mercy File Name : 108_230352-W.jpg ID Number : 108_230352 Caption : The Works of Mercy - By Flemish School - Flemish Artist - Musee Boucher de Perthes, Abbeville, France - MEDICAL SCENES, HARDSHIP & POVERTY - 16th Century - oil on panel Credit : Bridgeman Art Library / Universal Images Group

Before any guests would arrive at the party they would eat a light dinner, (or "breakfast") of bread, butter and cheese, and leftover cold meats, which they would wash down with beer or ale. They ate salted meat, and on special occasions (including parties), would eat an entire stag, which is a male deer. It would be roasted in the great fireplace, crisped and larded, then cut up into quarters, doused in steaming pepper sauce, and served on large plates. There were also many types of soup; cabbage, watercress, "dried peas and bacon water," "poor man's soup," fish soup, and cheese soups. They would drink beer and ale during their supper as well, along with spiced beer (seasoned with cinnamon, resin, gentian and juniper).

At a banquet such as Lord Capulet's, how many courses would have been served? Who would do the cooking? What did this suggest about the wealth of the banquet hosts?

The chef of the mansion would serve up five courses of food. Course 1 - a small portion of meats. Course 2 - a much larger portion of meats, from many different animals. Course 3 - a light dessert. Course 4 - a much more filling dessert. Course 5 - wine, fruits and many more of desserts.

Encyclopædia Britannica ImageQuest ----------------------- Title : COOKING, c1530. - A cook in his kitchen. German color woodcut, c1530. File Name : 140_1660692-W.jpg ID Number : 140_1660692 Caption : COOKING, c1530. - A cook in his kitchen. German color woodcut, c1530. Credit : The Granger Collection / Universal Images Group

If you were able to afford your very own chef to cook every single large meal that was eaten each day, you clearly were apart of the upper class. Only the rich could afford such a luxury as to having someone else do your work for you, and back during the Renaissance that was a big deal. Especially during huge parties and events, as a host it would be almost impossible to socialize with your guests and be fixing up thousands of plates of delicious food. It's no wonder the rich never cooked for themselves, there was just no time.

Video

Citations

Books

Thompson, Stephen P. The Renaissance. San Diego, CA, Greenhaven Press, 2000.

Andrews, John F. William Shakespeare: His World, His Work, His Influence. Vol. 1. Vol. 1, New York, NY, Scribner, 1985.

Video

Kshawcbury02, Kshawcbury02 . “The Renaissance Food and Drink: Shaw and Rose.” YouTube, YouTube, 25 Oct. 2015, www.youtube.com/watch?v=UF0HqqayItU. Accessed 7 Mar. 2017.

Title Slide Picture

G Suite Training NEW . Folder Path My Drive ImageQuest Folders and views My Drive Team Drives Shared with me Recent Google Photos Starred Trash 375 MB used Name Owner Last modified File size 108_230352_credit.txt me 7:58 PMme 393 bytes 108_230352.jpg me 7:58 PMme 148 KB 140_1660692_credit.txt me 7:58 PMme 348 bytes 140_1660692.jpg me 7:58 PMme 226 KB 144_1581978_credit.txt me Mar 6, 2017me 361 bytes 144_1581978.jpg me Mar 6, 2017me 124 KB 300_2290892_credit.txt me Mar 6, 2017me 864 bytes 300_2290892.jpg me Mar 6, 2017me 135 KB All selections cleared Encyclopædia Britannica ImageQuest ----------------------- Title : The Peastant Wedding' Musicians centre left, playing bagpipes. Guests are feasting and drinking. Platters of food are being distrubted by two men with a tray of planks. The bride, wearing a crown and with hair flowing free, sits in front of blue hanging. Pieter Brueghel the Elder (c1525-1569) Netherlandish Renaissance painter File Name : 300_2290892-W.jpg ID Number : 300_2290892 Caption : The Peastant Wedding' Musicians centre left, playing bagpipes. Guests are feasting and drinking. Platters of food are being distrubted by two men with a tray of planks. The bride, wearing a crown and with hair flowing free, sits in front of blue hanging. Pieter Brueghel the Elder (c1525-1569) Netherlandish Renaissance painter Credit : Universal History Archive/Universal Images Group

Made with Adobe Slate

Make your words and images move.

Get Slate

Report Abuse

If you feel that this video content violates the Adobe Terms of Use, you may report this content by filling out this quick form.

To report a Copyright Violation, please follow Section 17 in the Terms of Use.