The scientific name is herpesvirus and the common name is Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV).
There are two types of HSV: Herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) and type 2 (HSV-2)
The term herpes is derived from the Greek word “to creep or crawl” and dates back to early Greek civilization, approximately 2000 years ago, in reference to the spreading nature of herpetic skin lesions. The origin of herpes in human history is unknown. HSV-1 has probably been around as long as anyone could diagnose the distinctive fever blisters.
Flu like symptoms (fever, headache, etc), tingling , burning or itching where the break out is and painful itchy blisters, oozing sores or urination
The spread of HSV-1 has declined with the understanding that the herpetic sores shed the virus and that these can be spread with just a kiss. HSV-2 is primarily passed on by sexual contact between humans.
Use a condom, ask your partner if he or she has ever had a sexually transmitted disease, ask your partner about his or her sexual history, limit the number of sexual partners you have, don’t do anything with you partner if he or she has sores on his or her genitals or mouth, don’t receive oral sex with anyone with a cold sore, or ask your partner to get tested for genital herpes.
It can protect against the bubonic plague and other bacterial infections, spur the immune system to boost levels of a protein hormone called interferon gamma "that in effect puts some immune system soldiers on yellow alert, causing them to patrol for invaders with their eyes wide open and defense weapons ready", and can help protect against bacterial infections.

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