During the Elizabethan Era, fine arts, literacy, and fashion had similarities and differences and gave the era the personality that it is known for. Literacy skill increased greatly, and fashion was used to show class. Fine arts were all the center of the court.
Fine Arts and Activities
Quote: "The English also enjoyed dressing up formasques, pageants, and plays at Christmas and other special times. Elizabeth’s court became a center for musicians, scholars, and writers." (Bumgardner)
Commentary: During the Elizabethan Era they enjoyed activities similar to ours. Like plays and pageants.
Quote:"Popular pleasures during the Elizabethan Age included archery, bowls (similar to bowling), and dancing. People liked music, and wealthy people were expected to play musical instruments on social occasions." (Bumgardner)
Commentary:They enjoyed similar activities that we do present day. one different thing, is that the wealthy were expected to play music at social occasions
Quote:" Elizabeth was a major supporter of the humanities and her encouragement led to an onslaught of plays, poetry, music, and fine arts. The queen's court regularly hosted a number of painters and writers and her patronage resulted in vast artistic progress." (Caffrey)
Commentary:It seems like Elizabeths main interest were the fine arts. Her court was filled with painters and writers as well.
Quote:"The fine arts saw immense support during the Elizabethan era. The Crown became a generous commissioner of both native and foreign Renaissance painters. As a result, artists produced an abundance of portraits depicting English nobles in their rich apparel. The art of portraiture evolved from minimalist representation to complex imagery during this time, and many works contained symbolic undertones." (Caffrey)
Commentary:Elizabeth seemed to support art greatly. it is the reason it evolved over the years of her reign.
Cloth and Fashion
Quote:"Clothiers (clothmakers) had organized their expanding industry into the domestic system. By this system, they bought wool from farmers, distributed it to spinners and weavers who worked at home, and then sold or exported the finished cloth." (Morril)
Commentary:Cloth and clothing wasn't made by a single person. It had to go through an abundant amount of workers first.
Quote: The wealthy wore furs and jewels and the cloth of their garments featured extravagant embroidery. The poor and even the middle classes dressed more simply. However, few detailed portraits or records of the clothing of the poor remain. With a growing middle class, the rich and powerful clung to their age-old distinction of wearing clothes that made it immediately clear that they outranked others." (Benson)
Commentary:Clothing was worn to demonstrate how high in class you were. The rich dressed with heavy and advanced designs to show off their rank. Those who were poorer dressed more simply. This is kind of how it is today. People will wear certain brands that tend to be more expensive to show off their wealth.
Quote:"The clothiers offered good prices for wool, and sheep farming became profitable. Some lords of the manor increased the land on which they kept sheep by enclosing open areas that peasants had used as pasture for their own animals or depriving tenants of their landholdings. " (Morril)
Commentary: Clothing and cloth were becoming profitable to create and make. And lords of the manor were using tricks to increase their land.
Education and Literacy
Quote:"An extensive educational system developed in England during Elizabeth's reign, and the rate of literacy, or the ability of individuals to read and write, rose considerably. Only about one-fifth of the population could sign their own names at the beginning of the era, but by Elizabeth's death about one-third of the population was literate." (Benson)
Commentary:Elizabeth increased the literacy rates considerably, because of the educational system she conducted. If u think about the time period, and how only the rich really received education, it is impressive that 1/3 were literate.
Quote:"During Elizabeth's reign England experienced its highest level of literacy, the ability to read and write. This was in part due to the great rise in education. It was also due to the Protestant belief in individual reading and interpretation of the Bible, which made it desirable for everyone to have the ability to read." (Stock)
Commentary:Just like now and most time periods, religion was their reasoning behind learning a skill considered basic today. In this casing, the ability to read and write became desirable because of the bible.
Quote:"The development of the printing press also changed the nature of reading and writing in England, making literature widely available to English readers. The universities, too, took on a new focus, educating a large new class of non-religious statesmen and merchants who were able to express their views in increasingly sophisticated English prose. Widespread reading and writing was a major force behind the English Renaissance" (Stock)
Commentary:Apart from religious reasoning more and more Elizabethans began to seek education. As it seems. literacy was one of the things that made the Elizabethan era so important.
The Arts in the Elizabethan World.“ Elizabethan World Reference Library, edited by Jennifer York Stock, vol. 1: Almanac, UXL, 2007, pp. 141-161
Bumgardner, Jake. “Elizabethan Age.” World Book Advanced. World Book, 2016. Web. 18 Nov. 2016.
Caffrey, Cait. “Elizabethan Era.” Salem Press Encyclopedia (2016): Topic Overviews 612. Web. 7 Dec. 2016.
“Daily Life in the Elizabethan Era.” Elizabethan World Reference Library, edited by Sonia G. Benson, vol. 1: Almanac, UXL, 2007, pp. 181-194.
Morrill, John S. “United Kingdom, History of the.” World Book Advanced. World Book, 2016. Web. 8 Dec. 2016.