The Syrian Civil War conflict and analysis

What is the history of the confict?

The Syrian Civil War started on March 15, 2011. Thosands of Syrian people started the protest in 2010 over the President Bashar al-Assad election. The motive behind the protest was to reform the government to have more democratic views. This was after President Hafez al-Assad died in 2000, he is the father of Present President Bashar al-Assad. When president Bashar al-Assad was elected many pro-democracy citizens were hopeful for a change in the system but after 10 years of no change the protests started. "On 25 April 2011, military forces with tanks moved into Daraa to seize control and subdue the protesters. For more than a week, troops occupied the city; on 30 April, they opened fire on a mosque where demonstrators had gathered, killing six." ("Syrian Civil Unrest"). This quote shows that Present President Bashar al-Assad reacted with violence to the rebels.

President Bashar al-Assad (left) speaking with Kofi Annan (right)

“As of May 2016, some officials estimated that as many as 400,000 people had been killed in the conflict, over 4 million had fled the country, and 7.6 million had been forced from their homes but remained within Syria” (“Syrian Civil Unrest”).

“As reports of protesters being killed by police circulated around the world, the demonstrations grew even larger in size. These led to pro-government counter-demonstrations and further violence” (“Syrian Civil Unrest”).

Who are the parties to the conflict?

The conflict is taking place in Syria but many groups make up the Syrian Civil War, President Bashar al-Assad and the Syrian government is getting fought by the rebels. Assad is backed by Russia, Hezbollah, and Iran. The Kurds took certain parts of northern Syria and isn't sided with anyone. The rebels are backed by the countries Jordan and Turkey. ISIS ties into all of this because they control parts of Syria, and ISIS is technically fighting Al Qaeda but is on its own side.

What are the causes of the conflict?

The way the conflict all started was with President Assad was elected president. Some citizens had hope for the government to switch to have more democratic views, when this didn't happen the people started peaceful protesting. The government eventually acted with violence and this resulted in other countries to join in and pick a side. Further complicating things, some countries started to send money back and forth to the rebels in Syria. Eventually, this created multiple groups and sides who are sure who they are fighting.

What are the effects of the conflict, both inside and outside of Syria?

The effects of the Syrian Civil War vary greatly, from inside and outside. Inside Syria it caused multiple groups to side with others and form their own group like ISIS and the Kurds. The war has also affected the amount of casualties in Syria and the numbers are rising. Lastly, in Syria the life expectancy is dropping, this i would expect should happen with most wars in specific countries..

Civil wars don't just create dismay in the country but also in the neighboring places, especially in an oil rich place like the Middle East. For the Syrian Civil War, many surrounding countries chose sides. For instance, Russia sided with Assad in this war, this created disputes between the U.S and them. The war also made the U.S intervene and try to create training programs for the rebels, this changed the aspects of the war. Lastly, the countries sending imports to Syria have to make the decision to keep sending the exports or whether or not syria can accept them in the first place.

“In the past five years, Syria has become many things: a refugee crisis, a regional quagmire, a Western nightmare, a terrorist haven, a Russian power play and the core of Iran's ambitions.” (Ghaddar).


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“Syrian Civil Unrest.” Global Issues in Context Online Collection, Gale, Farmington Hills, MI, 2016, Accessed Apr. 2017.

Issa, Philip. “Syrian Civil War: Five Ways the Conflict Has Changed the World.” The Independent, Independent Digital News and Media, 13 Mar. 2016, Accessed 21 Mar. 2017.

Beitler, Ruth Margolies. “Syria and Israel: Negotiations for Peace.” History Behind the Headlines: The Origins of Conflicts Worldwide, edited by Sonia G. Benson et al., vol. 1, Gale, Detroit, 2001. Global Issues in Context, Accessed 4 Apr. 2017.

“Living Amid Chaos and Destruction in Aleppo, Syria.” Global Issues in Context Online Collection, Gale, Farmington Hills, MI, Nov. 2016. Global Issues in Context, Accessed Apr. 2017.

"Syria's President Bashar Al-Assad Meets UN's Kofi Annan In Syria." UPI Photo Collection, 2012. Global Issues in Context, Accessed 4 Apr. 2017.

"Syria's President Bashar Al-Assad Meets UN's Kofi Annan In Syria." UPI Photo Collection, 2012. Global Issues in Context, Accessed 4 Apr. 2017.

"Syrians Protest Against The President Bashar Al-Assad." UPI Photo Collection, 2012. Global Issues in Context, Accessed 4 Apr. 2017.

Beauchamp, Zack. “Syrian+Civil+War+Map - Google Search.” Syrian+Civil+War+Map - Google Search, 8 Aug. 2014, Accessed 4 Apr. 2017.

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