Francisco de Paula del Villa y Loranzo was the original architect, but after disagreements with the promotors, he quit. Gaudi took over in 1883.
Built out of sandstone, granite, and reinforced concrete
Spiritual Association of Devotees of Saint Joseph started the idea of building a temple dedicated to the Holy Family in 1874.
Construction began March 19, 1882.
Gaudi died in 1926, with only most of the Nativity facade finished. His disciple Domènec Sugrañes took over.
In 1936, the Spanish Civil War hindered construction. Revolutionaries set the cathedral's crypt on fire, as well as destroying many plans, drawings, photographs, and models.
By 1954, the Nativity facade was complete and the building of the Passion facade had begun.
In 2000, the Glory facade, construction on the Glory facade had begun after the Passion facade was complete.
Sagrada Familia was consecrated by the pope in 2010.
Currently, the Glory facade is being finished,malong with the 6 tall, central towers.
Born June 25, 1842 and died June 10, 1926.
Architect of the Sagrada Familia
Designed houses for the wealthy in Barcelona before taking on the Sagrada Familia.
Moved into a house in Park Güell in 1906, where he lived for the remainder of his life.
Worked on the Familia for 43 years, and he spent the last 12 years of his life working solely on the temple.
Buried in the crypt of the Sagrada Familia after a large, city-wide funeral procession.
Well-known and loved for his unique architecture and methods, as well as ability to convey messages through his architecture.
Designed with 3 facades, or sides, each one displaying a different point in Christ's life.
Nativity: represents the birth of Jesus Christ.
Passion: represents Jesus' life and teachings, death, and resurrection.
Glory: represents the glory of Christ that lives on.
Final design includes 18 towers, with groups of towers at different heights
Shortest towers are the 12 Apostles
6 taller towers represent the Evangelists (Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John), the Virgin Mary, and them the tallest tower of them all for Jesus Christ.
Thin-masonry timbrel / Catalan vaults: consisted of two or three layers of tiles on top of each other bound with mortar. Allowed Gaudi to create many interesting shapes.
Gaudi drew inspiration from nature and religion for these unique shapes
Originally planned to be Gothic, but was modified by Gaudi into the unique, more modern design of the Sagrada Familia we have today.
The Basilica Today
A symbol to the world and Barcelona of the Catholic faith.
Large tourist destination.
Tours offered for all levels of schools.
Museums located in the basilica.
Opportunities for choirs to sing at the temple, as well as services held inside.
Why should the Sagrada Familia be a world wonder?
A symbol of religion for the entire world as well as a symbol for the community of Barcelona.
Features unique feats of architecture only Antoni Gaudi could accomplish.
Conveys deep messages through its beautiful and unique architecture.
A large scale building project with deep history.
Antoni Gaudi. Digital image. Alchetron. Alchetron, n.d. Web. 5 Dec. 2016. <http://alchetron.com/Antoni-Gaudi-1189219-W>.
Expiatory Temple of the Sagrada Família. Construction on the Sagrada Familia. Digital image. The Journal of the American Institute of Architects. Hanley Wood Media Inc, n.d. Web. 5 Dec. 2016. <http://www.architectmagazine.com/technology/a-completion-date-for-sagrada-familia-helped-by-technology_o>.
Inside of the Sagrada Familia. Digital image. 123RF. 123RF Limited, n.d. Web. 5 Dec. 2016. <http://www.123rf.com/photo_20372086_inside-view-of-this-architecture-masterpiece--la-sagrada-familia-that-means-the-holy-family-by-anton.html>.
Nativity facade in the 1930s. Digital image. Bdonline.co.uk. UBM, 13 Aug. 2010. Web. 5 Dec. 2016. <http://www.bdonline.co.uk/neil-spillers-inspiration-gaudi%E2%80%99s-sagrada-familia/5004085.article>.
Sagrada Familia. Digital image. Business Insider. Business Insider Inc., 9 Nov. 2015. Web. 5 Dec. 2016. <http://www.businessinsider.com/sagrada-familia-almost-done-2015-11>.
"The Sagrada Familia." Sagrada Família. Fundació Junta Constructora Del Temple Expiatori De La Sagrada Família, n.d. Web. 05 Dec. 2016. <http://www.sagradafamilia.org/en/>.
Salles, Diogo. Sagrada Familia. Digital image. ABC. ABC, 2 Apr. 2015. Web. 5 Dec. 2016. <http://www.abc.net.au/radionational/programs/blueprintforliving/an-architectural-tour-of-the-sagrada-familia/6361664>.