Sagrada Familia By aLex byrne

Construction
  • Began on March 19, 1882.
  • Still being constructed today
  • Francisco de Paula del Villa y Loranzo was the original architect, but after disagreements with the promotors, he quit. Gaudi took over in 1883.
  • Built out of sandstone, granite, and reinforced concrete
History
  • Spiritual Association of Devotees of Saint Joseph started the idea of building a temple dedicated to the Holy Family in 1874.
  • Construction began March 19, 1882.
  • Gaudi died in 1926, with only most of the Nativity facade finished. His disciple Domènec Sugrañes took over.
  • In 1936, the Spanish Civil War hindered construction. Revolutionaries set the cathedral's crypt on fire, as well as destroying many plans, drawings, photographs, and models.
  • By 1954, the Nativity facade was complete and the building of the Passion facade had begun.
  • In 2000, the Glory facade, construction on the Glory facade had begun after the Passion facade was complete.
  • Sagrada Familia was consecrated by the pope in 2010.
  • Currently, the Glory facade is being finished,malong with the 6 tall, central towers.
Antoni Gaudi
  • Born June 25, 1842 and died June 10, 1926.
  • Architect of the Sagrada Familia
  • Designed houses for the wealthy in Barcelona before taking on the Sagrada Familia.
  • Moved into a house in Park Güell in 1906, where he lived for the remainder of his life.
  • Worked on the Familia for 43 years, and he spent the last 12 years of his life working solely on the temple.
  • Buried in the crypt of the Sagrada Familia after a large, city-wide funeral procession.
  • Well-known and loved for his unique architecture and methods, as well as ability to convey messages through his architecture.
Architecture
  • Designed with 3 facades, or sides, each one displaying a different point in Christ's life.
  • Nativity: represents the birth of Jesus Christ.
  • Passion: represents Jesus' life and teachings, death, and resurrection.
  • Glory: represents the glory of Christ that lives on.
  • Final design includes 18 towers, with groups of towers at different heights
  • Shortest towers are the 12 Apostles
  • 6 taller towers represent the Evangelists (Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John), the Virgin Mary, and them the tallest tower of them all for Jesus Christ.
  • Thin-masonry timbrel / Catalan vaults: consisted of two or three layers of tiles on top of each other bound with mortar. Allowed Gaudi to create many interesting shapes.
  • Gaudi drew inspiration from nature and religion for these unique shapes
  • Originally planned to be Gothic, but was modified by Gaudi into the unique, more modern design of the Sagrada Familia we have today.
The Basilica Today
  • A symbol to the world and Barcelona of the Catholic faith.
  • Large tourist destination.
  • Tours offered for all levels of schools.
  • Museums located in the basilica.
  • Opportunities for choirs to sing at the temple, as well as services held inside.
Why should the Sagrada Familia be a world wonder?
  • A symbol of religion for the entire world as well as a symbol for the community of Barcelona.
  • Features unique feats of architecture only Antoni Gaudi could accomplish.
  • Conveys deep messages through its beautiful and unique architecture.
  • A large scale building project with deep history.

Works Cited

  • Antoni Gaudi. Digital image. Alchetron. Alchetron, n.d. Web. 5 Dec. 2016. <http://alchetron.com/Antoni-Gaudi-1189219-W>.
  • Expiatory Temple of the Sagrada Família. Construction on the Sagrada Familia. Digital image. The Journal of the American Institute of Architects. Hanley Wood Media Inc, n.d. Web. 5 Dec. 2016. <http://www.architectmagazine.com/technology/a-completion-date-for-sagrada-familia-helped-by-technology_o>.
  • Inside of the Sagrada Familia. Digital image. 123RF. 123RF Limited, n.d. Web. 5 Dec. 2016. <http://www.123rf.com/photo_20372086_inside-view-of-this-architecture-masterpiece--la-sagrada-familia-that-means-the-holy-family-by-anton.html>.
  • Nativity facade in the 1930s. Digital image. Bdonline.co.uk. UBM, 13 Aug. 2010. Web. 5 Dec. 2016. <http://www.bdonline.co.uk/neil-spillers-inspiration-gaudi%E2%80%99s-sagrada-familia/5004085.article>.
  • Sagrada Familia. Digital image. Business Insider. Business Insider Inc., 9 Nov. 2015. Web. 5 Dec. 2016. <http://www.businessinsider.com/sagrada-familia-almost-done-2015-11>.
  • "The Sagrada Familia." Sagrada Família. Fundació Junta Constructora Del Temple Expiatori De La Sagrada Família, n.d. Web. 05 Dec. 2016. <http://www.sagradafamilia.org/en/>.
  • Salles, Diogo. Sagrada Familia. Digital image. ABC. ABC, 2 Apr. 2015. Web. 5 Dec. 2016. <http://www.abc.net.au/radionational/programs/blueprintforliving/an-architectural-tour-of-the-sagrada-familia/6361664>.

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