The Globe Theatre Garret JOnes

Thesis

The Globe Theatre is a very unique Elizabethan theatre that was known for its audience, construction, and playwrights.

Audience

"The Globe held 3,000 people, and its audiences were composed of members from all social classes. Lords and ladies, whores and thieves, and barristers, professors, and students, and just about everyone in between attended plays at the Globe." (Hager)

The Globe Theater held up to 3,000 spectators who were from all social classes. There were people like lords and ladies, who were more prestigious and sat in the most luxurious locations. Then there were prostitutes and thieves, who were lower in the social pyramid. Also, people like students and professors attended as well.

"Unlike today, Elizabethan theater was a rowdy event, and the Globe's audiences were more like spectators at a sporting event than respectful and passive observers. Equally vocal and enthusiastic in their support and their criticism, audience members cheered their favorite actors and threw garbage at those they did not like." (Hager).

The Globe's audience was very rowdy like in a modern sporting event. They were no where close to the spectators in an opera house, who are mostly polite and show respect to the performers. The audience would even throw things like food at actors that they didn't like. The spectators were very loud and vocal.

"The least expensive area in the theater surrounded the stage on three sides and was for standing room only. Here was where the "groundlings," as they were called, watched the plays." (Hager).

The cheapest seats in the theatre were right in front of the stage. This admission cost as little as a penny. The people who attended the plays and sat there were called "groundlings" or "penny-dwellers". There was so many people that the audience had to stand up through the entire duration of the play because of the lack of room for chairs.

Construction

"Globe Theatre , London playhouse, built in 1598, where most of Shakespeare's plays were first presented." (Adams).

The Globe Theatre was called the London Playhouse because it was the most popular theatre at the time. I was built in 1598 and arguably the greatest playwright of all time, William Shakespeare, presented his most famous plays there.

" It burned in 1613, was rebuilt in 1614, and was destroyed by the Puritans in 1644. A working replica opened in 1997." (Adams).

Unfortunately, the theatre was destroyed by a fire in 1613. However, a new one was built on the same foundation as the old one the next year in 1614. Yet again, the theatre was destroyed, but this time is was the Puritans, who had forbidden all entertainment, in 1644. Over 350 years later, a working replica was built roughly 200 yards from the original site in 1997.

"The brothers Cuthbert and Richard Burbage constructed the theater in 1599 from the timbers of London's first playhouse, called The Theatre. They erected the Globe in the area known as the Bank side on the south side of the River Thames in the suburb of Southwark." (Seidel).

The people who built the Globe Theatre were Cuthbert Burbage and Richard Burbage who were brothers. They built the theatre from the left over timber form the original London's Playhouse which was called "The Theatre". They built it in the south side of the Thames River which is in a suburban are known as Southwark.

"This increasing hostility from the neighborhood and a dispute with his landlord is what led Richard Burbage, the owner of the Shoreditch Theater, to dismantle and float the building's timbers and ironwork across the Thames River to a new location, where he erected the Globe." (Seidel).

The people who lived near the original London Playhouse complained about the noise that both the plays and audience made. The owner and landlord of the theatre, who also helped build it, had to float all of the wood and iron that made up the theatre up river to it's new location. After the move happened, the theatre was named "The Globe".

Playwrights:

"The Chamberlain's Men put on about 30 plays a year at the Globe; generally, two of these productions were new Shakespearean plays.The Chamberlain's Men, later called the King's Men, was the resident company of the Globe." (Hager)

The Chamberlain's Men were a group of entertainers that put on many by different playwrights. They orchestrated over 30 plays a year at the Globe Theatre, two of them being Shakespearean plays. They then changed their name to the King's Men and were considered the resident company of the Globe Theatre.

"Its full title is King Henry V . It was written and performed in 1599, possibly the first Shakespeare play staged at the Globe Theater, owned by Shakespeare and his acting company, in the Southwark borough of London." (Seidel).

Possibly Shakespeare's most famous play, King Henry V , was performed at the Globe in the last year of the 16th Century. The first time this play was performed was at the Globe. Shakespeare and his acting company wrote and presented this play in the same year of 1599.

"By 1594, he was a charter member of the theatrical company called the Lord Chamberlain's Men, which was later to become the King's Men. Shakespeare worked with this company for the rest of his writing life." (Anderson).

In 1594, Shakespeare became a member of the Lord Chamberlain's Men, who were a theatrical group that performed at the Globe in the following years. Not only did he write the plays, he performed in them with the King's Men. He stayed with this group for the rest of his life.

Credits:

Created with images by Peter Glyn - "Globe Theatre"

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