Biodiversity Conservation Supports Agricultural Productivity
Biodiversity underpins essential ecosystem services such as water provision, pest control, pollination, and climate regulation that support agricultural productivity.
Reports and Evidence
- The Importance of Wild Pollinators to Food Security and Nutrition. Coming Soon!
- Biodiversity Integration in Practice: A Case Study of USAID in Western Honduras illustrates how USAID/Honduras improved conservation and management of natural habitats, particularly watersheds to ensure the adequate supply of water for agriculture.
- Biodiversity Integration in Practice: A Case Study of USAID in Mozambique illustrates how the Integrated Gorongosa and Buffer Zone project implemented biodiversity conservation and natural resource management approaches such as intercropping and improved land use practices to help farmers enhance agricultural productivity.
Photo by: JSI for USAID, 2013.
Biodiversity Conservation Enhances the Natural Productivity of Wild-Caught Fisheries
Fish is a highly nutritious food that contributes to food security and nutrition for billions of people worldwide. Wild-caught fisheries, when well managed, can improve food security and nutrition, alleviate poverty, and strengthen community resilience.
Reports and Evidence
- The Role of Wild Caught Fisheries in African Development describes the role of wild-caught fisheries in food security, resilience, and nutrition. The report also presents opportunities and recommendations for intervening in fisheries management to improve the livelihoods and food security of the hundreds of millions of Africans who depend on wild fish for nourishment and income. The key take-aways are also visualized in this two-page fact sheet for easy reference.
- The Importance of Wild Fisheries for Local Food Security Briefing Book explores the role of fisheries in global development, highlights case studies of USAID fisheries programs, and addresses the importance of fisheries in nine Feed the Future countries.
- The Siete Pecados Marine Park is a story of a coastal community’s persistence, in partnership with USAID/Philippines and others, to establish a marine protected area with an integrated approach that includes biodiversity conservation, climate resilience, and economic growth.
- A USAID/Indonesia activity, Sustainable Ecosystems Advanced (SEA) promotes vertical collaboration from local to national governments, and horizontal collaboration within the provincial government, around fisheries and marine conservation.
- The Importance of Wild Fisheries for Local Food Security Country Summaries provide more detailed information on the contributions of wild fisheries to food security, livelihoods, economic growth, and community resilience in countries including, Ghana, Cambodia, Malawi, Kenya, and Tanzania.
Photo by: USAID SEA.
Biodiversity Conservation Improves Resilience to Shocks
Functional, biodiverse ecosystems provide products and services that are essential to maintaining food production and supply during shocks such as droughts and other natural disasters.
Reports and Evidence
- The Ecosystem-based Adaptation and Food Security evidence summary outlines the contributions of ecosystem-based adaptation (EbA) to food security through approaches like planting shade trees to improve soil fertility and support pollinators, managing watersheds to maintain water supplies, and diversifying crops to improve resistance to pest outbreaks.
- The USAID/Bangladesh Conserving Ecosystems to Support Climate Resilience activity highlights how ecosystem-based adaptation (EbA) approaches such as agroforestry, the restoration of wetlands, and improvements in the management of wild fisheries can improve local food security.
- The USAID/Southern Africa Resilience in the Limpopo Basin (RESILIM) activity reduced the vulnerability of people and ecosystems in South Africa and Mozambique through improved transboundary governance and management of natural resources.
PHOTO: Udo Rudiger for ICARDA