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THE ROBBERY!!!

Did you know that $500 million were stolen from the Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum?

By: Diya Pachamuthu

On March 18th, 1990, 13 works of art valued at a combined total of $500 million were stolen from the Isabella Stewart Museum in Boston. Isabella Stewart Gardner was a leading American art collector, philanthropist, and patrons of the arts. These paintings are important because these are discoveries from the past that has a meaning. These arts reflect the society that creates them.

Isabella Stewart Gardner museum is an art museum built in 1896-1903. This museum was established in 1903. These were the paintings that were stolen: The Concert, The Storm on the Sea of Galilee, A Lady and Gentleman in Black, Landscape with an Obelisk, Chez Tortoni, Las Sortie de Pesage, Self-Portrait by Rembrandt, Cortege aux Environs de Florence, Program for an Artistic Soirée, Program for an Artistic Soirée, Three Mounted Jockeys, An ancient Chinese, A French Imperial Eagle. According to www.gardnermusum.org, it says “In the early hours of March 18th a vehicle pulled up near the side entrance of the Museum. Two men in police uniforms pushed the Museum buzzer, stated they were responding to a disturbance, and requested to be let in. The guards were handcuffed and tied up in the basement of the Museum. The thieves departed with 13 of the Gardner’s works of art 81 min. Later.” Isabella Stewart Gardner’s father was David Stewart and he made his fortune importing Irish linen and later through investments. Isabella Stewart Gardner is the 1,645th most popular Aries.

A similar event of the Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum is that a French Museum discovers that half of its paintings are fake. 82 of the 140 pieces in a collection were counterfeits.

How Half of the Terrus Museum’s Paintings were Fake

By Angie Zhang

The Terrus Museum, dedicated to French artist Étienne Terrus, in Elne, France, found out in September 2019 that more than half of their collection of paintings that were painted by Terrus was fake. The museum had not been careful and had bought fake paintings without looking into the origins of the dealer.

How it Happened

This was the work of art forgery, when someone buys a painting, or paints a painting, and sells it claiming that it was painted by a famous artist. The Terrus Museum had been collecting art made by Étienne Terrus an local artist who lived from 1857 to 1922 for two decades, and spent a total of 365,000 dollars of donated money. All it took was the touch of a glove to wipe off Terrus’s signature and reveal the real artist’s name. They realized the painting was fake and checked to see if the other paintings were also forged. They found out that 82 out of the 140 of the paintings were fake, which is more than 50 percent of their paintings. “Maybe we were a little naive to not have looked at the origins of these paintings,” said Marthe Marie Codere, the president of friends of the Terrus Museum.

One of Étienne's paintings

More About Art Forgery

Art forgery is a big problem, and even though it’s illegal, it’s only getting more troublesome to its victims because it’s very hard to spot, even for experts. It is estimated that 20 percent of paintings are fake in major art museums. The Modigliani exhibit in Genoa’s Palace found that 21 out of 21 paintings were forged. Art forgery is so bad there is a museum for it. But for now, the museum has re-opened with 60 paintings and they are still trying to promote local artist, Étienne Terrus.

Chile’s national dance: Cueca

By: Florencia Corbat

Introduction

Do you know what cueca is? What about Chile? Well did you know that the national dance of Chile is cueca? Probelby, from the title but did you know that it is also danced in Mexico, Argentina, and Bolivia.

History

No one know who invented cueca or how it was invented but we know that it’s been Chile’s national dance since September 18 1979 Chile’s independence day. Since then, on Chile’s independence day every chilean dances cueca on September 18.

The music

Cueca is also a type the music which cueca (the dance) is danced to. The song must have two singers and a guitar but other instruments can added like a harp, piano, accordion, and maybe a tamborine. As the music plays the people listening clap along to the music.

Dance

There are many types of cueca one of the more traditional ones starts with the china (the female) walking in circles with linked arms with the huaso (the male). After awhile they walk to the middle and they stand a few feet away from each other and clap with a handkerchief in their hand but the boy might place it on his shoulder. Then they dance in circles stomping their feet. As the pair is dancing they’ll wave or hold their handkerchief above their heads.

Clothing

The boy typically wears a poncho a sombrero which is spanish for cowboy hat but their cowboy hat is different from ours but their cowboy boots are the same. The girl wears a knee long, short sleeve, dress. Normally it is one bright color or a splash of bright colors with designs like flowers.

A couple dancing in traditional clothing

The meaning behind the dance

When kids, adults, teens, and grandparents dances they are representing a hen and rooster mating. The handkerchiefs is representing the hen’s and rooster’s feathers and the rooster’s comb.

Children dancing the Cueca

Types of music for studying or relaxing

By Naara Soto

It is said that to study, it is necessary to have a quiet environment without distractions. Maybe this works for you. However, for some, studying in a quiet environment can backfire. This ‘quiet environment’ can make you end up fighting boredom and succumbing to the allure of sleeping at your desk! This is why the importance of choosing the right music for studying cannot be underestimated.

Although some studies say that listening to music while you study isn’t good, for many people it is vital. It calms them down, which can lead to productive studying. Music can also help elevate your mood and motivate you to study longer.

The real challenge is to select the right music for studying. The wrong type of study music may end up distracting you from your study. Here are some tips to choose your music:

Tip # 1

Classical music is peaceful and harmonious making it one of the best options to listen to when studying.

Tip # 2

It seems that there is evidence that Mozart improves mental performance. They call it the “Mozart Effect.”

Tip # 3

Listen to ambient instrumental music. This type of music is more modern than classical and has a similar effect. I always find that movie soundtracks are quite good.

Tip # 4

Listen to sounds of nature such as rain, waves, jungles or animals while studying. While this is not exactly music, it is relaxing and you will feel like you’re in another world.

Tip #5

You’re studying, not at a rave! Listen to your study music at a moderate volume. The lower the better. The louder it is, the more it will distract you. Your main purpose is to study so keep your music in the background. When you’re finished studying then you can crank it up to 11!

The Importance of Reading When you are Child.

By Naara Soto

Reading is an essential skill children must learn in order to become successful at school. Why?

Because reading is required to understand most other topics. Most of a child’s learning is done from reading the writing on a blackboard or in books, magazines, and workbooks from the teacher.The capability to read is crucial. After all, if a child can’t read those items, how is it possible to answer math, science, or social studies questions? The better a child can read, the easier it will be for them to learn what they need in school.

Is reading an art or a skill?

The skill of reading, which can be taught, is learning the sounds and symbols to decode words. But reading goes far beyond that simple skill. The dictionary definition of reading is “making sense”. A dictionary defines art as, “the expression or application of human creative skill and imagination.” That is exactly what has to happen for reading to take place.

books!

The more that you read, the more things you will know. The more that you learn, the more places you’ll go. —Dr. Seuss

Reading develops a child’s imagination and creativity, and is a great approach to support your child to dream! In addition, reading supports logical thinking and problem solving skills.

The more a child reads, the more a child learn. The more a child learns, the more they understand. The more a child knows, the more child learns.

Reading!

How the “Mona Lisa” Became Famous

By Angie Zhang

Three Italian men walked out of the Louvre museum. They had been tired spending all night in the storage closet. They boarded a train at 7:47 and they were out of the city. One of them was holding a painting, a painting everyone knows too well. The “Mona Lisa”.

Where is the “Mona Lisa”?

Nobody noticed the four empty hooks for 28 hours, the painting wasn’t very popular and famous at the time, until a man who wanted to see the painting noticed it was gone. But he was not concerned, there was a project to photograph the Louvre’s many artworks and he had assumed that they had taken it to the roof to photograph. He finally convinced a guard to let him ask the photographers if he could see the painting. The photographers were confused and said they didn’t have it. Then chaos erupted.

Missing

All around the world headlines on the news screamed that the “Mona Lisa” was stolen and offered awards. Thousands of people fled to Paris see where the painting once was, the “Parisians mark of shame”. Detectives were on the hunt to find the missing painting and even Pablo Picasso was framed of stealing the “Mona Lisa.”

Found at Last

The three Italian men who stole the painting were Vincenzo Lancellotti, Michele Lancellotti, and Vincenzo Perugia, the one who had installed the protective glass around the “Mona Lisa.” They had planned to sell the painting but now there was too much attention brought upon the masterpiece. Finally Vincenzo Peruggia decided to sell it to a dealer in Florence. The dealer was suspicious and found out the painting was the “Mona Lisa” upon inspection. The dealer asked Peruggia his address so that the museum could pay him later. Peruggia went home and waited. He opened the door expecting the money, but instead found the police. The “Mona Lisa” had been found after two years in December, 1913.

Vincenzo Perugia

Afterward...

This is how the “Mona Lisa” became the most famous painting in the world. Not because of the beauty of the painting, but the history. Even Noah Carney, a professor of art history said, ”If a different one of Leonardo’s works had been stolen, it would be the most famous work in the world - not the “Mona Lisa.” Now it is to hard to steal, and even then, if you do, no one knows if the masterpiece displayed at the Louvre museum is really the original.

the "Mona Lisa"

The Top Fifteen Foods in South America

By: Florencia Corbat

The top fifteen popular foods in hispanic south american countries. Most food in south america is influenced by europe mainly spain and the natives to the countries. The top food is an empanada following that we have ceviche. After that there is arepas in fourth place chipá. Five and six are both drinks pisco sour followed by mate. Followed by the best bandeja paisa and the delicious dulce de leche. To end the top ten we have asado and platanos fritos. After that eleven and twelve are curanto and choripan. At thirteen and fourteen we have ceviche and encebollado. Ending our top fifteen foods in South America we have pabellón criollo.

An empanada is a south american dumpling but is much bigger and the ceviche is a fresh cut fish into cubes both served as an appetizer. A good south american snack and breakfast is the arepas a corn pancake and chipá a ball of dough with a melted cheese filling. Two drinks pisco sour a alcoholic cocktail served as an appetizer and mate a tea like drink made from mate leaves served for breakfast and snack. In central america a dish called bandeja paisa contains red beans, rice, ground beef, chorizo with lime, plantain, arepa, avocado,fried egg on top and of course a big slice of chicharron or fried pork belly they eat that for lunch and dinner. Dulce de leche means “sweet of milk” in spanish a south american caramel served with snack and breakfast and asado means “barbecue” is spanish which they eat for lunch and dinner. Platanos fritos is served for breakfast and lunch meaning “fried banana” and curanto served for lunch and dinner is a place cooked over hot stones meat and seafood. Choripan is eaten for lunch and dinner is similar to american sausage with bread “pan” and ceviche is a mix of raw sea foods served for lunch and dinner. Encebollado is a fish stew served for lunch and dinner and finally pabellón criollo a plate of rice, shredded beef in stew and stewed black beans typically served for lunch and dinner.

Empanadas
Ceviche
Arepas

DAY OF THE DEAD!!!

Hey! Look at them. Those people are like skeletons!

By: Diya Pachamuthu

The Day of the Dead begins on October 31st and ends on November 2nd. The Day of the Dead Art was made David Lozeau, which is pretty cool. This holiday is celebrated throughout Mexico. The Day of the Dead is a celebration of life and death. The people paint their faces as skeletons and women would usually dress up in pretty dresses. They visit the graves of their loved ones and play music.

This is David Lozeau

The Day of the Dead is also celebrated throughout various European and Latin American Countries and I thought it was only celebrated in Mexico. But actually, it is mainly celebrated in Mexico. This ritual, celebration, was started by the Aztecs 3,000 years ago. In www.history.com it says “On the Mexican holiday known as the Day of the Dead (el día de los Muertos), families welcome back the souls of their deceased relatives for a brief reunion that includes food, rinks and celebration. The Day of the Dead started with festivals dedicated to the goddess known as the ‘Lady of the Dead’, corresponding to the modern La Calavera Catrina. Hey, now tell me, who knew about the “Lady of the Dead”? The purpose of the Day of the Dead is a day to celebrate, remember, and prepare special foods in honor of those who have departed. I mean, this is not the only stuff you can do on the Day of the Dead, who could choose. It is believed that the spirit of the dead visit families, which I believe, on October 31st and leave on November 2nd.

This is important to people because visiting family members that have passed away is a special connection between them. I wouldn’t want to break that connection. Some people might think it's crazy to visit someone’s grave, but the people in Mexico, don’t think that. They think it is a way of remembering them and have fun with them even now! Well, this is what I call amazingness.

Credits:

Created with an image by Steve Johnson - "untitled image"

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