Health Issues Haley P and Haley G

What Is mouth Cancer? How does it affect your body? What are your treatment options? Is it dominant, recessive or neither?

Mouth cancer is a type of cancer that forms in the mouth. It can cause weakness in your body and numbness or pain in your mouth. You may also experience mouth bleeding, voice changes, and problems chewing or swallowing. If its left untreated it can spread to other part of the body causing different health issues as well as other cancers. If you are diagnosed with mouth cancer your treatment options are, chemotherapy, radiation treatment, Laryngectomy (the removal of all or part of the voice box), neck dissection ( the surgical removal of lymph nodes in the neck), or a glossectomy, which is the removal of all or part of someone's tongue. This is not a hereditary disease, and it is caused by personal habits involving tobacco..

What Is Skin Cancer? How does it affect your body? What are your treatment options? Is it dominant, recessive or neither?

Skin cancer is an abnormal amount of cell growth in the skin. The three most common types are Basal Cell Skin Cancer, Squamous Cell Skin Cancer, and Melanomas. Basal and Squamous are skin cancers that are the most common, since they are mostly found on areas that are in the sun often, like the face and neck. There two are much less likely to spread. Melanomas can occur anywhere on the body, and occur in the cells that make the skin brown. All three of these are treatable early on but can be threatening if not treated because of the potential spreading to other areas. One of the most common treatments for skin cancer is the removal of the affected area. This is an environmentally influenced cancer,

What is diabetes? How does it affect your body? What are your treatment options? Is it dominant, recessive or neither?

Diabetes is a disease where the body is unable to properly store and use glucose. Diabetes can be treated with insulin, exercise, and a healthy diet in most cases. People who have close relatives with the disease are more likely to have it. However, it is no necessarily a passed down trait.

What is PKU? How does it affect your body? What are your treatment options? Is it dominant, recessive or neither?

PKU is the livers inability to process a park of protein called phenylaline. If people with PKU eat too much of this protein, it can hurt them. PKU is rare, with 1 in 15000 people being born with it. PKU is an inherited autosomal recessive trait that affects the 12th chromosome.

What is Heart disease? How does it affect your body? What are your treatment options? Is it dominant, recessive or neither?

There are several types of heart disease, but the most common is cornorary artery disease, which affects the blood flow of the heart. Heart disease can cause a heart attack, heart failure, and many other problems. There are many treatments for heart disease, including, lifestyle changes, medication, surgery, stents, pacemakers and ablation. Heart disease can be hereditary, but it can show up later on in life. Most cases of heart disease are caused by environmental factors such as smoking.

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