The Age of Enlightenment Charlene juvida

Enlightenment Thought and Inquiry (Instructor Commentary)

The era of Enlightenment was the result of the Scientific Revolution in the West, led by philosophers such as John Locke, Voltaire and Jean Jacques Rousseau.

Left to right: Rousseau, Voltaire and Locke

Values of social mobility, equality, and the rights to life and liberty began to arise.

Art and architecture had Neoclassical influence , emphasizing clean lines and purity of classicism, reflecting the values of equality at the time.

The White House is an example of neoclassical architecture

Society began valuing education and intellect more and more, where reading clubs, voluntary associations, and salons were formed to discuss literature.

However, women were still seen as lesser to men in terms of intellect, function and value.

Other notable figures include Antoine-Leonard Thomas, Louise d'Epinay, and Mary Wollstonecraft.

Discover Islamic Art (Ottoman Empire)

Displaying works from the Ottoman Empire, one of the largest Islamic empires in history, the webpage offers perspective on the differences between Western and Eastern art and architecture at the time.

Architecture was heavily influenced by the Islamic religion, for living beings were not allowed to be displayed in art. Instead, Islamic art consists of geometric patterns and domed ceilings to attribute to its complexity.

Painting of Hegira in the early 12th century

Tile panel from Piyale Pasha Mosque

Grand Bazaar

Takiyya al-Sulaymaniyya

Of Elephants and Roses: Encounters with French Natural History, 1790-1830

The museum overview shows the Frances influence on the Enlightenment, showing various works of art, many of which have naturalist influences.

With Paris being the center of life sciences during the time of Enlightenment, much of the artwork shown are of animals, nature and plants.

As France began its urbanization, individuals around the world began their hunt for resourceful and beautiful plants.

Drawing of an elephant fossil, documenting the birth of paleontology,

French fashion influenced by a famous baby African giraffe who was led on foot from Marseilles to Paris.

Empress Josephine, the ruler of France at the time who also participated in Naturalist culture.

Enter the Dragon: The Beginnings of English Chinoiserie, 1680-1710

This webpage highlights the globalization during the time of Enlightenment, which would influence Western art and goods during the time.

Much of Western art was influenced by eastern Asian goods, taking influence from countries such as China and Japan. For example, Chinoiserie was a popular style for teacups and other drinking vessels.

Chinese art was often characterized by floral informal patterns, similar to France's naturalist art.

Chinoiserie style dinner-ware

"Japanning" became another valued form of art in the West, where artists would mimic the Japanese method of furniture creation. This method is where wood would be stained or painted, decorated with art made with white gesso, and then would be topped off with several layers of tinted lacquer.

A small Japanese influenced dressing box, referred to as a "lady's toilet."
A "Japanned" drawer created in London, England
Sources

http://www.chipstone.org/html/SpecialProjects/Dragon/05dragon.html

http://www.apsmuseum.org/elephants-and-roses/

http://www.discoverislamicart.org/exhibitions/ISL/the_ottomans/?lng=en

https://webcourses.ucf.edu/courses/1251924/files/60245017?module_item_id=10445056

Created By
Charlene Juvida
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Credits:

Created with images by xegxef - "light lamp electricity" • jniittymaa0 - "light bulb light halogen" • Glyn Lowe Photoworks. - "The White House, Northside, Washington DC" • falco - "istanbul turkey mosque" • Moyan_Brenn - "Paris" • chrgerhart - "united kingdom clock clock tower" • jarmoluk - "old books book old"

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