Chile Capital: santiaGo

Traditional Chilean clothing consists of an elaborately decorated silk or wool chamanto or poncho, a straw hat called a chupalla and a feminine, full-skirted, flowered dress. The poncho is unique because it is reversible from dark to light.

According to the Köppen system, Chile within its borders hosts at least seven major climatic subtypes, ranging from low desert in the north, to alpine tundra and glaciers in the east and southeast, humid subtropical in Easter Island, Oceanic in the south and Mediterranean climate in central Chile. During our summer, Chile experiences it's coldest weather of the year, and it's different regions have different average temperatures. Some places have a high of 86°f, other places get a high of 52°f.

Chile has several major constellations. There are many main Southern Circumpolar Contellations (constellations that are there all year-round), one is Centaurus, it looks like a Centaur. There are also other constellations in the spring and summer. Some of these constellations are Aquarius, it symbolizes water, and Canis Major, it represents the dog chasing the other constellation Orion, that is a hunter.

Chile's flag is red, white and blue with a white star centered on the blue patch. The blue square in the upper-left region of the flag represents the sky, the white stripe represents the snow of the Andes mountains in Chile, and the red symbolizes the blood that was spilled fighting for freedom.

If you were to have dinner in Chile, a common dish would be empanadas. An empanada is stuffed bread or pastry baked or fried and is most often found in Latin-American countries and Spain. They are made by wrapping dough around a stuffing. Stuffings can consist of cheese, meat, or other ingredients. There are also sweet empanadas that can be filled with things such as apples and syrups.

In Chile, a favorable dessert is cocadas cookies. They are small round cookies, coated in a crunchy coconut shell, but when served at room temperature, have a soft delectable center.

Chile is not as big as Brazil but not as small as most Latin American countries. It borders the west side of South America. It's population is 17.62 million people, number taken from 2013. There are four main ethnic groups in Chile. The largest group is White and Non-Indigenous at 88.9%, there is also Mapuche at 9.1%, Aymara at 0.7%, and other Indigenous groups at 0.3%.

In Chile, their currency is chilean pesos. One peso is equal to 0.00151947 of an american dollar. Their economy does not compare well to the U.S.'s. Chile's GDP is $240 billion which ranks 44th in the world. The United State's GDP is $18 Trillion which is the highest in the world. GDP is the total amount of money made from products and goods from that country in one year. The higher the GDP the better. Our economy is much better than Chile's.

Much like us, Chile has a Dempcratic Republic government. It is a multiparty democracy with a directly elected president who serves a four-year term. Right now their president is Michelle Bachelet. This governement system is very similar to ours.

Chile was originally under the control of the Incas in the north, and the nomadic Araucanos, a nation made of nomads, in the south. In 1541, a Spaniard, Pedro de Valdivia, founded Santiago. Chile won its independence from Spain in 1818 under Bernardo O'Higgins and an Argentinian, José de San Martin. They gained their liberty from Spain. On February 12, 1818, Chile declared it's independence, their independence was recognized on April 25, 1844.

Chile has only one national language, Spanish.

The most popular religion in Chile is Roman Catholic Christians, 63% of chileans belong to this belief. 17% are Atheist or Agnostic and 14% is Protestant or Evangelical Christian.

Map of Chile
Map of Chile with regions

In some parts of Chile the average amount of rainfall per month is zero, in other places it's 13 inches. Since Chile is in the Southern Hemisphere, its seasons are the opposite of ours.

In Chile, some slang words and phrases they use are la lote, which means low key or casual. Bajón means bummer or crisis. Copucha means rumor or gossip. Estoy chato means I've had it or I'm done. Lastly, micro means city bus.

Credits:

Created with images by tpsdave - "chile landscape sky"

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