ESL Teaching Strategies Listening, speaking, reading, writing and technology use

Personal Philosophy Statement

As a teacher, it is my job to make sure all my students feel welcome and safe within my classroom. It is my duty to decrease their anxiety about academics and social interactions as much as possible. Furthermore, my number one goal is to share the love of Christ with my students. Whether that be through words or actions, my students must be daily reminded and taught about their Savior. When teaching my ESL students, these and other requirements are necessary. Other important requirements include modifying lessons, activities, and homework to fit the student's need, when appropriate, providing constant feedback, frequently assessing the student to see if they are falling behind, catching up, or are ahead, communicating with the students and their family, developing strong relationships with the student and their parent, and applying various strategies to ensure their success in every content area. A great way to also help my ESL student, I will integrate their culture into their learning whenever I can. This will help my student feel more comfortable, lower their anxiety, and raise their motivation to learn. At the same time, teaching my ESL student about American culture is just as important, so they can become more comfortable with everyday interactions. Although I will not perfectly accomplish these things, that does not mean I will not try my best to ensure my ESL student and all students can grow and learn in my classroom.

Teaching Strategies

1. Connect the new learning to background knowledge by integrating their native culture into their learning. This way they can find meaningful connections to the new material.

2. Provide opportunities within the classroom for both BICS and CALP language by allowing for small group work.

3. Encourage and assign listening activities such as podcasts, videos, music, etc. for students to become more accustomed to the sounds and rhythm of the language.

4. Assign reading activities for students to practice skimming for main ideas. This could be used for all students, but could help ESL students exponentially.

5. For lower level ELL students, have a more structured writing period in that they do not simply have a free write time. If given a specific topic, they will have to focus on the vocabulary necessary for this topic instead of writing what they already know.

6. Have students retell stories as a speaking activity. Record your own voice telling the story and their voice so they can compare them and learn from their mistakes.

7. Provide supplementary materials for students to use alongside a particular activity that will allow them the aid they need for more complex tasks.

8. Use outlines to scaffold comprehension. Providing a simple outline for a reading or speaking activity can allow the ELL student to keep up and understand more of the content.

9. Utilize a Think-Pair-Share activity in order to allow the ESL student to access reading, listening, and speaking activities throughout the class.

10. Make sure all readings ELL students participate in are within their comprehensible input, so that they are not overwhelmed or without motivation, but challenged and encouraged to keep progressing.

11. Structural linguistic method, where you learn about the language before learning the language.

12. Cognitive learning is Based on theories of learning applied specifically to second language learning. Focus is on the learning strategies that are compatible with the learners own style.

13. Affective/ interpersonal emphasizes interaction among and between teacher and students and the atmosphere of the learning situation as well as students' motivation for learning. Based on concepts adapted from counseling and social psychology.

14. Functional/ communicative method often referred to as the "natural" approach, and on the use of language for communication. Instruction is based on input received and how well the students comprehend the material.

15. Know your students and their proficiency in English, build relationships.

16. Like you set high expectations for your other students do so with your ESL students as well.

17. Use structured not taking such as graphic organizers.

18. Have a print rich environment so the students are seeing new words at all times.

19. Introduce summary, this method or strategy helps students learn to find meaning in what they are reading.

20. Purposeful grouping is a strategy that helps students learn from one another this also allows the students to have extended interaction while doing certain activities such as jigsaw type activities.

Reading Strategies

1. Strengthen connections through what is being read

2. Motivation - connect reading to learner’s background

3. Cloze reading method

4. Summarizing

5. Compare/Contrasting

6. Inferencing

7. Sequencing

8. Relating background knowledge

9. Distinguishing between fact and fiction

10. Finding the main idea, important facts, and supporting details in the passage (and possibly skimming to find each part)

Writing Strategies

1. Exit tickets

2. Word bank on board/word wall

3. Jigsaw activity

4. Semantic webs

5. Drawing pictures

6. Graphic organizers

7. Peer editing

8. Model proper writing in the classroom

9. Brainstorming ideas through discussion, graphic organizers, and games

10. Blogs/journal prompts and responses

11. Interactive outlines

Listening/Speaking Strategies

1. Model speech pace

2. Wait time

3. Make the objectives and expectations clear and review them

4. Practice dictation

5. Explain by showing, not just telling

6. Correct content, not grammar

7. Use top-down strategy: listening for the main idea, predicting, drawing inferences, and summarizing

8. Use bottom-up strategies: listening for specific details, recognizing cognates, and recognizing word-order patterns

9. Use small group discussions to encourage listening

10. Allow ELL to preview lesson content

11. Add visuals to listening activities

12. Make discussions about interesting themes; make them short but with target objectives so it does not get confusion and off topic

13. Practice stressing the correct syllable when speaking

14. Use music, rhythm, songs, tongue twisters, or mnemonic devices that reinforce the meanings of challenging words

Technology Strategies

1. Psychobabble - vocabulary strengthening app

2. Duolingo - language learning app

3. Instapaper (app) - good for saving articles from the Internet to store and read later, offers

text-to-speech, highlighting text, etc.

4. Sploder - an online website that allows students to play games, review other games created by peers, write their own reviews and practice English in a more relaxed, and friendly environment.

5. Interactive whiteboards (Smart Boards)

6. Web-based software such as Microsoft Movie Maker, iMovie, and Animoto

7. Many Things - A website for teenage and adult ELLs at the intermediate and advanced levels. Website has current events, news items, and social issues. Students can listen and read along.

8. Voxy - App that lets people listen to and read short news stories on a variety of themes. After reading the story they can play games to practice skills and complete quizzes to test their comprehension of the material.

9. Online picture dictionary - simple images with the words organized thematically

10. Social media - It can be used to engage ELL and all students with current events and other various news events. It can help ELLs particularly to learn the American culture better

Useful Websites

1. ”50 Incredibly Useful Links for ELL Educators” from Online College Courses. This website provides teachers with 50 links to aid teachers so they then can aid their ELL student(s). From websites, articles, organizations, learning resources, teaching resources, reference books for ELL students, and communities & blogs, this website provides practical and vital information for teachers of all grade levels.

2. “FluentU” This website offers a variety of resources for ESL students such as music videos, cartoons, and more to aid ESL students in learning the English language. Along with the video comes interactive features and active learning tools like flashcards and games to further help ESL students.

3. “Websites for Teachers” from State of New Jersey Department of Education. As the title specifies, this page offers a variety of websites geared to help teachers who work with ESL students. The websites range from blogs, current news, and activities that can be done with ESL students.

4. A blog titled “Cult of Pedagogy” and written by a teacher named Jennifer Gonzalez, writes a blog post titled “12 Ways to Support ESL Students in the Mainstream Classroom.” Her advice is applicable for any teacher and is useful information for every teacher to know.

5. “Tips for Teaching Middle and High School ELLs” from Colorin Colorado (a bilingual site for educators and families of English language learners). The page provides tips for Middle and High School teachers such as importance of educational experience, educational resources and tools, explicit instruction, and working with the school community.

6. “Do’s & Don'ts for Teaching English Language Learners” by Larry Ferlazzo, from Edutopia. Ferlazzo helps educators by telling them what to do and not to do when working with ESL students. Since it can be challenging teaching ESL students, this website provides them helpful tools they can use when teaching their ESL students.

SIOP Lesson Plan

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