Nigeria Courtney Niedermeier

First things first, basic politics. Let's listen to me babble about Nigeria's government, shall we?

There is Abuja, the capital of Nigeria. Although not the most populous city, it is still the capital.

Nigeria is ruled by Vice President Oluyemi "Yemi" Osinbajo and President Muhammadu Buhari. This country is a federal republic, and also a close ally to the U.S.A. The corruption scale index labels Nigeria as a score of 28 (not doing so well there) and a rank of 136/176.

Useful fact for the thing I'm about to show you- Nigeria's official and main language is English.

The National Anthem of Nigeria

This is Nigeria, the country that I am doing. It is located in West Africa, between the countries of Benin (on the left) and Cameroon (on the right)

Nigeria is 923,768 square kilometers (356,668 square miles). That is roughly 6 times the size of Georgia, or a little over 2 times the size of California!

In Nigeria, there is a variety of terrains. There are plains in the north, but lowlands in the south that are near the soaring mountains in the southeast. In between the highs and lows are central hills and plateaus.

This is the Mambilla Plateau, the highest plateau in Nigeria. On this plateau lies Chappal Waddi, the tallest mountain in Nigeria.

An author calls this place, "The unexplored tourist haven." Year-round the plateau experiences fair weather, with scenic views to match.

This is Chappal Waddi, the highest point in Nigeria. It stands at 7,936 feet, only 21,093 feet shy of Mount Everest!

If Denali was placed on top of this mountain, they would still be under the height of Mt. Everest.

A different photo of Chappal Waddi

This is the Niger River. It is the 3rd longest river in Africa, spanning across multiple countries, including Nigeria; Niger; Benin and others. Its length? 2,597 miles. The Amazon river is about 1.5 times this length!

This is the Zuma Rock. It is a monolith (block of stone shaped into pillar or monument). The rock appears to have a face in it, which has sadly been corroding with time.

This hunk of gabbro and granodiorite stands at 3,691 feet. It seems like it might be a good place to take a picture!

Gabbro
Granodiorite

Some of the most endangered species in Nigeria include:

  • West African Lion- There used to be 200,000 of these lions across Africa, but now there is only a tenth of that amount (20,000).
  • Cross River Gorilla- Believed to be extinct, researchers later found that the gorillas were still alive. There are fewer than 300 currently living in both Nigeria and Cameroon.
  • Cameroonian Forest Shrew- Living in only a couple of places in the world, it is threatened by habitat loss and its population is currently decreasing.
  • White-Throated Guenon- Thought to be extinct due to over-hunting for their fur. Living in groups of 4-5, a group of guenons was found near the Niger River in 1988
  • Red-Eared Guenon- Found in Equatorial Guinea, Cameroon, and Nigeria, poaching and being sold as pets are causing their extinction.
Nigeria has three climate zones. It is arid in the northern regions, tropical in the center, and has an equatoral (rain-forest-like) climate in the south.
The two natural disasters hat befall the Nigerians are droughts and floods. Other environmental issues that exist are desertification and deforestation.

Nigeria was controlled by Britain starting in 1903, but after world War 2, low economy made Britain rethink its hold on their territories. On October 1, 1960, Britain allowed Nigeria to become its own country. The Freedom Charter was signed, and boom. New country.

More history was to come.
  1. 1966- Military takes control
  2. 1967-1970-A year after the military takes control, the eastern section of Nigeria calls itself the Republic of Biafra, and a 3 year civil war follows
  3. 1970- Military takes control (AGAIN)
  4. 1999- The people become free again and vote in the first presidential elections.

This back-and-forth of military control and freedom shows how unstable Nigeria was as a young country. Britain just decided to up and leave, leaving Nigeria to its own devices and defences. Leaving them to their own devices created a struggle for power, as proven when a civil war breaks out when it could have been avoided if the military just left them to their own. As for young Nigeria's defences, even though no outsiders attacked within the time period, there was no force to stop the military from taking over and possibly ruining the country.

Nigeria's population is 186,053,386- about half of the United States' population!

Although there are diseases that the entire world worries about, such as Ebola, Nigeria has common diseases that still pose a problem.

  1. Malaria- cited to be the main cause of child deaths in Nigeria
  2. Strokes- the stop of blood flow to the brain results in no good
  3. Pneumonia- the second leading cause of death in Nigeria
  4. Tuberculosis- in 2012, there were 1.3 million TB deaths. It had almost the same amount of deaths as HIV/AIDS
  5. Measles- although there are vaccines, poverty, lack of education, and lack of medicine allow this disease to spread
Nigeria has a young population, with about 43% of its population between the ages of 0 and 14. The average life expectancy is 53. This population is also on the rise, with a birth rate to death rate ratio of 37.3/12.7 .

The exchange rate for the currency of Nigeria (Nigerian Naira) is 1$=314.75₦. This would make it easier to purchase things, as you get so much Nigerian Nairas for just one dollar. This will be useful when you are entering cities such as Lagos or Abuja.

This is Lagos, the most populated city in Nigeria. Here are a few things to do while visiting this location

  • The Lekki Conservation Centre- a jungle-like place where you can visit the wildlife in Nigeria. Take a look at the wildlife, while still visiting a city! The price of a regular tour is $60+, but a private guided one is $200+
  • Elegushi Beach- It's a beach. However, at this beach there are plenty of activities to enjoy, such as horseback riding. However, this is a popular place to hang out, so it may be somewhat dirty and quite costly to get in and do activities (which also have fees).
  • Eko Gym and Spa- a lovely place to workout and just relax. The gym is well equipped and the staff are all very helpful. Reviews recommend that if you visit this gym, then go to Hotel Eko as well, although the reviews say that the hotel isn't so grand.

This is Abuja, the capital city of Nigeria. Here are some things that I found might be worth a try while visiting Abuja.

  • Millennium Park- it is the largest park in Abuja. Split into 2 sides, the first half is dedicated to the natural environment, while the other is dedicated to science and advancements. Housing butterflies and tropical birds, it seems like a nice place to enjoy.
  • Abuja Arts and Crafts Village- this village is dedicated to the arts and crafts, and with that, you can purchase them almost anywhere here. This village represents the country's culture, and you can even find traditional things there.
  • National Children's Park and Zoo- this could be a ton of fun for the whole family (if you and your children like zoos). You could see camels, tortoises, monkeys, crocodiles, and much, much more! If there are any very young children in the family, the zoo also contains domesticated animals and "Toddler's Lane," which has a playground.
Half of the population is Muslim, but the other religions are practiced too. 40% of people practice Christianity there, while the other 10% of the population still practice their indigenous beliefs.
Making up 21% of the ethnicity in Nigeria, this is what the Hausa-Fulani women would wear traditionally.

Traditional clothing worn by the women of the ethnic group Hausa-Fulani. These are called abayas, and they are supposedly colorful (probably not this colorful). The men wear a floor-length robe with long sleeves called a babban riga.

Could not find a decent picture.

The Igbo, making up an 18% of the ethnicity in Nigeria, does not wear fancy clothing. They usually just wear western-style clothing, but occasionally wear wraps around their heads. Assume this to be basic, such as jeans and t-shirts.

The Yoruba make up a runner-up 21% of the ethnic groups in Nigeria.
The men's formal clothing for the Yoruba.

This is a head wrap worn by the Yoruba women. There are many different ways and styles to wrap it. Some of them looked like flowers, while other wrap styles appeared to defy gravity! Formally, men would wear what is called agbada, which is like a robe.

The largest natural resource in Nigeria is petroleum and petroleum products. Some other resources that are found in Nigeria include

  • Cocoa
  • Rubber
  • Natural gas
  • Coal

Some of the main imports of Nigeria are

  • Machines
  • Chemicals

Although he is known for helping America and football, Bennet Ifeakandu Omalu was a man who was born in Nigeria. Credited with discovering Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy (CTE), he changed the safety rules of football and possibly saved many players from death.

Born in 1968, Bennet is still alive and working. He actually thought Hillary might've been poisoned. When he was finishing medical school in Nigeria, he decided to come to america to finish his studies. In 2002, he found a "degenerative disease in the brain of former pro football player Mike Webster." This he named the non-abbreviated form of CTE.

Bennet found out that CTE was caused by multiple blows to the head, and linked it to other football players who were in the NFL and died. The NFL denied the link of CTE to football, and eventually continuous studies forced the NFL to change their safety and rules on concussions.

Overall, Nigeria may be an O.K. place to go to, but I wouldn't want to go there myself. Lagos is uninteresting and expensive, and all that you can do is either expensive or unsanitary. Although there are some nice conservation parks and wildlife, would it really be worth it? Something besides walking through greenery every day sounds alright. Maybe a bowling alley or a zip line through the greenery would be a good touch. However, this just isn't the place for me.

Citations

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  • Boren, Cindy. "The Man Who Discovered CTE Thinks Hillary Clinton May Have Been Poisoned." The Washington Post. WP Company, 12 Sept. 2016. Web. 16 Feb. 2017.
  • "Africa/." Geography of Nigeria, Landforms - World Atlas. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Feb. 2017.
  • Odunuga, Mary. "5 Amazing Places to Visit in Abuja • Connect Nigeria." Connect Nigeria. N.p., 03 Feb. 2014. Web. 14 Feb. 2017.
  • "The Top 10 Things to Do in Lagos for 2017 - TripAdvisor - Lagos, Nigeria Attractions - Find What to Do Today, This Weekend, or in February." The Top 10 Things to Do in Lagos for 2017 - TripAdvisor - Lagos, Nigeria Attractions - Find What to Do Today, This Weekend, or in February. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Feb. 2017.
  • "Nigeria." OPEC : Nigeria. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Feb. 2017.
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  • Babatunde, Jimoh. "Mambilla Plateau: The Unexplored Tourist Haven." Vanguard News. N.p., 20 June 2013. Web. 14 Feb. 2017.
  • "Zuma Rock - Nigeria." Interesting Facts. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Feb. 2017.
  • Jamesblitz90. "Nigerian National Anthem - "Arise, Oh Compatriots" (EN)." YouTube. YouTube, 05 June 2012. Web. 14 Feb. 2017.
  • "Around The World." Nigeria Timeline | TIME For Kids. N.p., 2016. Web. 14 Feb. 2017.
  • Buari, Jasmine. "Probably We're The Last Nigerians To See These Animals..." Naij.com - Nigeria News. N.p., 28 Oct. 2014. Web. 14 Feb. 2017.
  • "Sylvisorex Morio ." Sylvisorex Morio (Arrogant Shrew, Mt. Cameroon Forest Shrew). N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Feb. 2017.
  • Buari, Jasmine. "Top-5 Diseases That Kill Nigerians." Naij.com - Nigeria News. N.p., 01 Oct. 2014. Web. 14 Feb. 2017.
  • Partners, Alexander Moore. "8 Deadliest Diseases in Nigeria That Kill More Than Ebola." Nigeria News Online & Breaking News | BuzzNigeria.com. N.p., 15 June 2016. Web. 15 Feb. 2017.

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