The Adventures of Johnny By: Gabriela Tinaj


The Kestrel Adze

The Kestrel Adze

The Kestrel Adze was used by the Powhatan, and is made of greenstone, as well as wood. The blade is made of greenstone, and the handle is made of wood. When looking at the picture the blade is not attached to the handle. In order to attach the blade to the handle the Powhatan would soak stripes of leather for about an hour so that it could stretch, and after soaking the leather they would use it to tie the blade to the handle, placing the blade horizontally. When fully assembled the Adze looks, and seems quite similar to an axe, however there some important differences. The blade of an ax is often flat, with a curved sharp edge, and is applied to the handle vertically, when the blade of an adze has a bulge on its top, it is curved upward, and is applied to the handle horizantally. The Powhatan used it carve large chunks of charcoal off canoes. I was very much interested by this tool, because it seems as if that it influenced certain modern day tools.

Native American Long House

Native American Long House

The Long House was a special kind of house that many Native Americans built, and lived in, and this particular long house was made by the Powhatan indians. Long houses are remarkable because they were made entirely by women, and children. All the men did was cut down trees to get wood to make the inner support beams of the house, and collect the reeds from the river to form the outer part of the house. The general shape of the house is similar to a cylinder with curved ends that was cut in half. When inside the house I saw sturdy support beams all over the walls, and ceiling. The wooden support beams were tied together. The outer part of the house was made of reeds from the river, therefore the house was water proof. These reeds were assembled in a somewhat woven way. I found this house interesting because it was made entirely by women, and children, when in other parts of the world in the colonial time, women, and children were very much underestimated,oppressed, and not respected.


The Blacksmith

The Blacksmith

This morning Master Randolph had more trust in me than any of his other slaves, and sent me on a voyage to the Blacksmith to pick up new steel spoons, parts for his gun, and so many more things than I could list. I remember my first trip to the blacksmith, when I was a wee little boy with my papa. I remember my papa's master sent him to the blacksmith, and he let me sneak along. My little self wondered why did the steel, and iron turn black when burnt. My papa said in his wise words "the steel, and iron oxidizes when burnt, which makes it black." He was a hard working man, but back to this morning. When I first opened the door a strong stench of smoke came straight to my senses, and made my eyes water, but I knew it was alright, since there was a working chimney. There were so many tools, and utensils. I thought to myself "Boy, would I like to get myself some of those tools to give to my fellow slaves to help them out in the tobacco fields". The blacksmith said that if I wanted to order anything, I just had to walk in, and tell him what I wanted and give the money. I knew iron, and steel was cheap, but I still knew I didn't have the money. Hopefully, I will one day fulfill every thing to my hearts content.

The House of George Wythe

The House of George Wythe

Today at about the boiling hot hour of three Master Randolph gave me the time off to go to the house of a law professer named George Wythe. I have always had a small pleasure going to Mr. Wythe's house because he is very intelligent, and he tends to be one of the more respectful slave owners. However, today my purpose of voyaging to his household was not to visit Mr. Wythe, but to visit my dear friend Fanny. Fanny is one of his slaves. Sometimes when visiting Fanny I wonder, what it would be like to be one of Mr. Wythe's slaves. I guess I would help with the cooking in the kitchen, and serve food, but I'll never know. But other than all of these curiosities, what gets to my mind the most is this extravagant room that is a bed chamber, but is referred to as the classroom. It's a room full of books, maps, sketches of animals/insects, fossils, microscopes, and everything else you could use to study. The classroom is the very room where Mr. Wythe taught Thomas Jefferson, and I'm full of dedication to learn beyond my limits. I can't even imagine what I could do in this room in just an hour. One day I will find a path to freedom, help my fellow slaves, and get a nice house with a study room just like this one.

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