The men were involved in the robbery of Slater & Morill Shoe Company. During the robbery, Nicola and Bartolomeo were accused of murdering a security guard and a paymaster that worked at the shoe company. People already didn't trust the two because they were immigrants, and were anarchists. So, people quickly believed that the men were the ones to blame for the murder.
On May 5, 1920, the two men were proved guilty and charged with murder and robbery. Nicola was executed and died on August 27, 1927. The trial is remembered for its connection to the Anarchist Movement, and its impact on fair trials in America.