WWI Trench Warefare: A Guide to Survival Bela geljic

Entrenching Tool

Spades by Andshel is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 International

The entrenching tool is a crucial tool when going into war, for these simple shovels can be used to dig out trenches for trench warefare. Soldiers hiding in a trench make them almost invulnerable and are hard to aim at from the outside. This is a huge advantage for soldiers and leaders. Trenches were essential because being out in the middle of a field can get anyone killed in a matter of seconds, so trenches were a safer solution for soldiers to rest (Shuster).

Gumboots/Waterproof Footwear

German Soldiers in the Contactor Ditch to the Somme by Roke is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0

Gumboots and waterproof footwear are a must along with plenty of socks, since trenches can flood with water and mud and may not drain for days. In result of being in muddy and wet boots, you may develop a condition called "trench foot". This can swell feet two or three times their size and go completely numb. Feet are usually amputated because of this. Bring plenty of socks to change as often as possible and waterproof footwear (InspirED).

Gas Mask

WWI Gas Mask by Luz28 is licensed under Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication

Gas masks were used in the war in result of the use of poison gas, which can be used to kill soldiers instantly. These masks gave soldiers protection by dipping them in anti-gas chemicals that neutralized the poison gas. Gas masks save many lives, so it can be very convenient ("Gas").

Steel Helmet

Steel Helmet, France, 1914-1918 by Unknown is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

Exploding shells can cause serious head wounds, or even death. Injuring the head can also cause brain issues, so it should be protected. Steel can protect your head fairly well, so a steel helmet is very helpful ("Top").


88-227-A Bayonet, German WWI by Naval History & Heritage Command is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic

Though most is trench warefare, close combat fighting can be necessary in many situations. Bayonets were an ideal for attacking opposing soldiers to hit them in target spots that trigger excruciating pain to the victim. Bayonets, developed in Bayonne, France, were used on both sides of the war and can be very useful for close combat fighting ("Weapons").

Works Cited

“Gas Masks in World War One.” WWI-Germany, germanyinworldwari.weebly.com/gas-masks.html. Accessed 25 Mar. 2017.

Shuster, Mike. “The German Advantage: A Simple Spade.” WWI: The Voices, the Legacy, greatwarproject.org/2014/09/13/the-german-advantage-a-simple-spade/. Accessed 24 Mar. 2017.

“Top 5 Picks of WW1 Steel Helmets.” War History Online, 31 Aug. 2012, www.warhistoryonline.com/articles/top-5-picks-of-ww1-steel-helmets.html. Accessed 25 Mar. 2017.

“Weapons of War-Bayonets.” FirstWorldWar.com, www.firstworldwar.com/weaponry/bayonets.htm. Accessed 26 Mar. 2017.

Citation for Cover Photo: British WW1 Riflemen by Simon Q is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic

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