Women Challenging Oppression in Guatemala By:Lexi Blizzard, Aukevia Moye, SydneY mckeel and shaMaya Bryant

The History of Guatemala

The history of Guatemala plays a role in how their country has developed and works today. The women there face domestic violence, and have no access to necessities, such as feminine products. This effects both their physical and mental health.

In 1960, a thirty-six year civil war began in Guatemala, killing over 200,000 people. The years of conflict included abductions and brutal violence. This war was a huge contributor of the abuse of women and young girls.

The struggle Guatemala had after the civil war.

Women's Oppression

For years, women in Guatemala have been, and still are, expiercing oppresssion, often through domestic violence and lacks of feminine resources. One of the influences of this oppression is the history of Guatemala, and their thirty-six year war. The women are the main victims of this oppression because they were used as weapons of war to get an advantage of the war.

Many women and young girls in Guatemala suffer from abuse. According to a 2012 Small Arms Survey, Guatemala's gender-based violence is ranked third in the killings of women worldwide. Also, from sources by the United Nations, there are two women killed there in Guatemala every day.

Many women do not have access to feminine products that are necessary for their everyday life. Without necessary feminine care products and constant access to clean water, these women can develop serious hygiene and health problems. Many women around the world, during menstruation, are forced to use things such as rags, mattress stuffing, and feathers. This is completely unsanitary, and unsafe for young women.

What caused the oppression in Guatemala?

Domestic violence against women in Guatemala has been a huge issue, due to men using physical abuse as an appropriate way to discipline their wife or lover.

Globally violence against women has been a huge issue and several women have experienced this discrimination everyday.

In 2011, over 40,000 people in Guatemala filed complaints about domestic violence. This is the second most reported crime in Guatemala.

Domestic violence affects society as a whole, but for Guatemala the rate of domestic violence is drastically high.

In Guatemala men use physical abuse as an appropriate way to discipline their wife or lover. Many women live in fear because of this. There was an Amnesty International report in 2007 to inform about the nonuse of punishing the men of domestic violence.

Domestic violence occurs in many homes in Guatemala no matter the ethnicity. It has been a complication when men and women have unequal power and this has been a cause of discrimination towards specifically women.

All women should have rights just like men.

Guatemala and Pakistan's Struggle with Domestic Violence

Guatemala is ranked the third country for domestic violence against women. Pakistan is ranked the fourth country for domestic violence against women because women struggle with equal rights.

Guatemala is ranked the third highest country for women domestic violence. Several thousands of incidents are reported every year and the government has failed to investigate these crimes.

Pakistan is ranked the fourth country for domestic violence against women and children. Fifty-nine percent of the victims are under the age of eighteen and thirty-one percent are between the ages of 19 and 36.

Guatemala and Pakistan are both very similar because they struggle with the same oppression known as women domestic violence. Women are being killed, tortured and in some cases beheaded because of their husband or boyfriends' actions. The numbers for both countries are continuing to increase over the years and the citizens of Guatemala are trying to make a law to stop the domestic violence.

A woman that has suffered from domestic violence in Guatemala.

Health Implications for Women

The women in Guatemala are facing challenges due to oppression. This Domestic violence effects two parts of people: their mental health and physical health. These women are also facing feminine complications.

Women are being beaten and harassed. That's why domestic violence is seen as an oppression in Guatemala. Results of being harassed would include major bruises, broken bones, brain damage, and possibly worse things. They also experiencing mental health complications. If they suffer from brain damage they can have a permanent mental disability. They can also suffer from anxiety, depression, paranoia, even post traumatic stress disorder.

The women in Guatemala are not able to access the feminine products that they need. These women can't go to work or school because they aren't able to keep themselves clean during the timeout their menstrual cycle. Without tampons, pads, or cleansing wipes, the hygiene of all of these women is affected.

Women and children in Guatemala that have lost love ones from domestic violence.

Our Product

Our product will help the women in Guatemala by providing a safe place to sleep, eat and get medical attention if needed. Our product is different from a regular house bacause it only has two rooms that have the essentials needed for survival.

Citations

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Reynolds, Louisa, Cecilia Menjívar, Hajer Naili, and Lisa Russell. "Guatemalan Double Standard Limits Femicide Courts." Women's eNews. N.p., 08 Jan. 2016. Web. 25 Feb. 2017. <http://womensenews.org/2015/06/guatemalan-double-standard-limits-femicide-courts/>.

"Ending Violence Against Women and Girls in Pakistan - A Collective Responsibility." UN Women | Asia and the Pacific. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Feb. 2017. <http://asiapacific.unwomen.org/en/news-and-events/stories/2016/07/ending-violence-against-women-and-girls-in-pakistan>.

"Violence against Women in Pakistan – Between Law and Reality." OHRH. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Feb. 2017. <http://ohrh.law.ox.ac.uk/violence-against-women-in-pakistan-between-law-and-reality/>.

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Miller, Talea. "From the Field: Violence Against Women in Guatemala." PBS. Public Broadcasting Service, 01 May 2015. Web. 03 Mar. 2017. <http://www.pbs.org/newshour/rundown/from-the-field-violence-against-women-in-guatemala/>.

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"Days for Girls International | Sustainable Feminine Hygiene." Days for Girls International | Sustainable Feminine Hygiene. DaysForGirls, n.d. Web. 03 Mar. 2017. <https://www.daysforgirls.org/>.

Frix, Michele. "Why Violence against Women in Guatemala Matters to All Women « Central America Network." Central America Network RSS. N.p., 2012. Web. 02 Mar. 2017. <http://www.centralamericanetwork.org/blog-en/?p=339>.

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