Designing With Materials Abby Hendershot

Elements Cut-Out Project Vocabulary

Asymmetry: A lack of equality or equivalence between parts or aspects of something.

Balance: The way in which the elements in visual arts are arranged to create a feeling of equilibrium in an artwork. The three types of balance are symmetry, asymmetry, and radial.

Collage: An artistic composition made of various materials (e.g., paper, cloth, or wood) glued on a surface.

Composition: The overall placement and organization of elements in a work of art, as well as the interrelationships between individual elements.

Elements of Design: Sensory components used to create and talk about works of art: Line, color, shape/form, texture, value, space.

Geometric Shape: Any shape or form having more mathematic than organic design. Geometric designs are typically made with straight lines or shapes from geometry.

Line: An element of art that refers to the continuous marke made on a surface by a moving point. In visual art, a delineation or fracturing of space in color or black and white. Line qualities can vary in width, length, gesture, color, direction, etc.

Negative Space: Shapes or spaces that are or represent the area unoccupied by objects.

Positive Space: Shapes or spaces in an image that represent solid objects or forms.

Principles of Design: A design concept describingthe ways in which the elements of an image are arranged (ie. balance, contrast, dominance, emphasis, movement, repitition, rhythm, variatition, unity)

Shape: A two-dimensional area or plane that may be open or closed, free form or geometric. It can be found in nature or created by humans.

Space: The area between, around, above, below, or contained within objects. Spaces are areas defined by the shapes and forms around them and within them, just as shapes and forms are defined by the space around and within them.

Symmetry: A balance of parts on opposite sides of a perceived midline, giving the appearance of equal visual weight.

Element Cut Process

First, I created four designs using black, white and a "pop" color.
Then, I narrowed down my designs and chose the triangle design.
I cut out triangles out of the black paper and layed out my triangles.
Then I put dots around the edges to have a guide to line up the triangles when I pick them up.
I glued within the dots and let it sit until it was almost dry.
I glued the back of the triangle and let it sit until it was almost dry.
Then I put the triangles down and did the same with my green "pop" triangle. After that I cut the edges that hung of the edge of the paper off.
Finished Product


I created a balanced composition by puting the about same amount of triangles on both sides. I used triangles which are a geometric shape because I wanted my piece to be sharp. I created balance by puting similar amounts of shapes on each side. I created contrast by using black, white and a "pop" color which was green. I used emphasis by using green paper to draw people's eyes to it. I used variation by using different shapes and sizes of triangles and piecing them together like a puzzle. I believe that my overall craftmanship was great because I worked hard to not have pencil marks and dried rubber cement everywhere. The hardest part was fitting all the triangles together so that they would fit. I really wanted them to look good without too much planning. I used the rule of thirds to place my focal point because a piece of art is normally more pleasing to the eye when the focal point is on an intersection of a third. My focal point was in the lower right hand side of the page and I used green. My design looks sharp and professional because of the geometric shapes but I wanted it to have an "opposite of sharp" color to tone it down. The green symbolizes organic objects and nature and I wanted to make the piece look a little balanced by adding the touch of green.

Glass Vocabulary

Description: Description is identifying the literal qualities or realistic presentation of subject matter, along with the elements of art found. It demands only the facts of what can be seen, often in one or more works of art; and partly two or more works can be described by comparing them to each other.

Design: A plan, or to plan. The organization or composition of a work; the skilled arrangement of its parts. An effective design is one in which the elements of art and principles of design have been combined to achieve an overall sense of unity.

Dominance: The part of a composition that is emphasized, has the greatest visual weight, the most important, powerful, or has the most influence. A certain color can be dominant, and so can an object,line, shape, or texture.

Form: The element of art that refers to an object with three-dimensions (height, width, and depth) and encloses volume.

Hue: The colors name. Example: red

Proportion: The relation of one thing to another with respect to size and placement.

Variety: The combination of elements or art, such as line, shape, or color, in an artwork. Variety is a principle of design.

Glass Process

First I found some pieces of glass to create my design, which was a gradient of blues to replicate ocean waves on a white background.
Then I scored the glass with a tool that had bits of diamonds to be able to leave a mark.
I used the pliers to break the glass apart to get my desired shape.
Lastly, I layed out my pieces and covered them with a clear piece to have the illusion of it floating and then fired it in the kiln.
FInished product


In the glass project, I selected a variety of blues on a white background. I did this to make ocean waves because I'm going to give this to my mom and she loves the beach. Then I scored, cut and glued them down with a clear piece of glass to make it look like it was floating. I am happy with how it turned out but I wish I spent more time creating it but it is ok.

Linocut Vocabulary

Contour: The outline of a shape.

Cross-hatching: A method of showing value by using parallel lines at different angles that get darker as they are drawn closer together.

Focal Point: The area in a work of art that an artist emphasizes.

Horizon Line: In an artwork, the line where the ground and sky appear to meet.

Monochromatic: A color scheme using only tints and shades of a single color.

Monoprint: A print made from a plate that can be used only once.

Neutrals: A word used for black, white, and tints and shades of gray. (Some artists use tints and shades of brown as neutrals.)

Plate: In printmaking, a piece of flat material, such as wood or metal, with a design on the surface. The plate is used to print the design.

Print: An artwork created by making an impression of a design.

Print making: The transference of an image from one surface (plate or block) to another (usually paper) with ink. The process of making one or more prints.

Relief Printing: A print made by covering a printing block with ink or paint and pressing paper onto the block. The areas or lines gouged out do not print. (Examples: woodcut, block print, linocut, styrofoam plate, etc.

Linocut Process

First, I created four designs to choose for my linocut.
Then, I picked this design and shaded and colored in what I would leave and cut away.
After that, I put graphite paper in between the linoleum square and the paper and went over the orange part with pen to transfer the design on the block.
Then I carved the linoleum with a gouge.
I chose white paper to print on and I signed my name and put register marks on to know where to put the plate when printing.
Then, I inked up the brayer and rolled the ink onto my plate. I repeated this three more times and with green.
Here are my four prints before I printed twice on them.
I carved away excess linoleum and left my second design.
FInished Product.

Linocut Reflection

I chose my imagery because I like the beach and I like echinoderms. Lily Pulitzer kind of influenced my design because I have one of her designs as my binder cover. I am happy with my color choices because I thought that the warm and cool colors go together. I would not make any changes besides trying to be more tidy. I prefer the color reduction technique because I think it was easy and fun. The process was only a little tedious because I had to carve out so much.

Mixed Media Vocabulary

Abstract: A style of art that is not realistic. Unusual lines, colors, and shapes make the subject look unrealistic. It is often characterized by the use of geometric lines and shapes and bold, bright colors.

Acrylics: Quick drying, plastic polymer pigment used with water.

Additives: The process of adding or joining parts and/or visual elements together to create a painting, collage or sculpture (as opposed to subtractive).

Background: The part of the picture plane that seems to be farthest from the viewer.

Foreground: Part of a two-dimensional artwork that appears to be nearer the viewer or in the “front” of the image. Middle ground and background are the parts of the picture that appear to be farther and farthest away.

Intensity: Also called chroma or saturation; refers to the brightness of a color (a color is full in intensity only when in its pure form and unmixed). Color intensity can be changed by adding black, white, gray or an opposite color on the color wheel.

Middle Ground: Area of a two-dimensional work of art between the foreground (closest to the front) and background (furthest receded).

Mixed Media: An artwork in which more than one type of art material is used.

Nonobjective: Having no recognizable object or subject; also, nonrepresentational.

Watercolor: A transparent pigment used with water. Paintings done with this medium are known as watercolors.

Mixed Media Process

First I blocked off section to keep white with rubber cement and a wax crayon.
I put yelow watercolor as a base so that I could mix red and orange with it.
I added salt and let it dry.
I scraped off the salt and rubber cement and added painters tape to block off where I didn't want white paint.
I screen printed a geometric design on the sun portion and let it dry.
Then I added another screen print in blue over the blue portion of the paper.
When I took off the tape, I really liked the design so I created a side project and added acrylic paint on top.
Here is what my piece looks like after the two screen prints.
I added acrylic paint with a comb and tried to be subtle, but that didn't work out too well.
I added string gel paint to accent the focal point.
Second to last, I zentangled on top of my piece.
I painted my box white so that I would have a nice background color.
Lastly, I mounted my piece on the block and cut off the excess and will then put apoxy resin on top to make it shiny.

Mixed Media Reflection

My background would be the watercolor. I chose to do a sun design to hopefully sumon it so that it gets warm out. The middle ground would be the screen print and the acrylic. I chose red acrylics to accent the sun colors because I didn't use as much in the watercolors. I chose a geometric white screen print to make it look more interesting and to add some dimension. The foreground is made up of the string gel paint and my zentangles. I used the string gel to accent the focal point which was part of the center of the sun. My zentangles were added to add some little interesting spots. I am happy with my results and if I could change one thing, it would be to make part of it smaller so that I would have more blue showing.

Created By
Abby Hendershot


Created with images by fancycrave1 - "art creativity drawing"

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