Designing With Materials Abby Hendershot

Elements Cut-Out Project Vocabulary

Asymmetry: A lack of equality or equivalence between parts or aspects of something.

Balance: The way in which the elements in visual arts are arranged to create a feeling of equilibrium in an artwork. The three types of balance are symmetry, asymmetry, and radial.

Collage: An artistic composition made of various materials (e.g., paper, cloth, or wood) glued on a surface.

Composition: The overall placement and organization of elements in a work of art, as well as the interrelationships between individual elements.

Elements of Design: Sensory components used to create and talk about works of art: Line, color, shape/form, texture, value, space.

Geometric Shape: Any shape or form having more mathematic than organic design. Geometric designs are typically made with straight lines or shapes from geometry.

Line: An element of art that refers to the continuous marke made on a surface by a moving point. In visual art, a delineation or fracturing of space in color or black and white. Line qualities can vary in width, length, gesture, color, direction, etc.

Negative Space: Shapes or spaces that are or represent the area unoccupied by objects.

Positive Space: Shapes or spaces in an image that represent solid objects or forms.

Principles of Design: A design concept describingthe ways in which the elements of an image are arranged (ie. balance, contrast, dominance, emphasis, movement, repitition, rhythm, variatition, unity)

Shape: A two-dimensional area or plane that may be open or closed, free form or geometric. It can be found in nature or created by humans.

Space: The area between, around, above, below, or contained within objects. Spaces are areas defined by the shapes and forms around them and within them, just as shapes and forms are defined by the space around and within them.

Symmetry: A balance of parts on opposite sides of a perceived midline, giving the appearance of equal visual weight.

Element Cut Process

First, I created four designs using black, white and a "pop" color.
Then, I narrowed down my designs and chose the triangle design.
I cut out triangles out of the black paper and layed out my triangles.
Then I put dots around the edges to have a guide to line up the triangles when I pick them up.
I glued within the dots and let it sit until it was almost dry.
I glued the back of the triangle and let it sit until it was almost dry.
Then I put the triangles down and did the same with my green "pop" triangle. After that I cut the edges that hung of the edge of the paper off.
Finished Product


I created a balanced composition by puting the about same amount of triangles on both sides. I used triangles which are a geometric shape because I wanted my piece to be sharp. I created balance by puting similar amounts of shapes on each side. I created contrast by using black, white and a "pop" color which was green. I used emphasis by using green paper to draw people's eyes to it. I used variation by using different shapes and sizes of triangles and piecing them together like a puzzle. I believe that my overall craftmanship was great because I worked hard to not have pencil marks and dried rubber cement everywhere. The hardest part was fitting all the triangles together so that they would fit. I really wanted them to look good without too much planning. I used the rule of thirds to place my focal point because a piece of art is normally more pleasing to the eye when the focal point is on an intersection of a third. My focal point was in the lower right hand side of the page and I used green. My design looks sharp and professional because of the geometric shapes but I wanted it to have an "opposite of sharp" color to tone it down. The green symbolizes organic objects and nature and I wanted to make the piece look a little balanced by adding the touch of green.

Glass Vocabulary

Description: Description is identifying the literal qualities or realistic presentation of subject matter, along with the elements of art found. It demands only the facts of what can be seen, often in one or more works of art; and partly two or more works can be described by comparing them to each other.

Design: A plan, or to plan. The organization or composition of a work; the skilled arrangement of its parts. An effective design is one in which the elements of art and principles of design have been combined to achieve an overall sense of unity.

Dominance: The part of a composition that is emphasized, has the greatest visual weight, the most important, powerful, or has the most influence. A certain color can be dominant, and so can an object,line, shape, or texture.

Form: The element of art that refers to an object with three-dimensions (height, width, and depth) and encloses volume.

Hue: The colors name. Example: red

Proportion: The relation of one thing to another with respect to size and placement.

Variety: The combination of elements or art, such as line, shape, or color, in an artwork. Variety is a principle of design.

Glass Process

First I found some pieces of glass to create my design, which was a gradient of blues to replicate ocean waves on a white background.
Then I scored the glass with a tool that had bits of diamonds to be able to leave a mark.
I used the pliers to break the glass apart to get my desired shape.
Lastly, I layed out my pieces and covered them with a clear piece to have the illusion of it floating and then fired it in the kiln.
FInished product


In the glass project, I selected a variety of blues on a white background. I did this to make ocean waves because I'm going to give this to my mom and she loves the beach. Then I scored, cut and glued them down with a clear piece of glass to make it look like it was floating. I am happy with how it turned out but I wish I spent more time creating it but it is ok.

Linocut Vocabulary

Contour: The outline of a shape.

Cross-hatching: A method of showing value by using parallel lines at different angles that get darker as they are drawn closer together.

Focal Point: The area in a work of art that an artist emphasizes.

Horizon Line: In an artwork, the line where the ground and sky appear to meet.

Monochromatic: A color scheme using only tints and shades of a single color.

Monoprint: A print made from a plate that can be used only once.

Neutrals: A word used for black, white, and tints and shades of gray. (Some artists use tints and shades of brown as neutrals.)

Plate: In printmaking, a piece of flat material, such as wood or metal, with a design on the surface. The plate is used to print the design.

Print: An artwork created by making an impression of a design.

Print making: The transference of an image from one surface (plate or block) to another (usually paper) with ink. The process of making one or more prints.

Relief Printing: A print made by covering a printing block with ink or paint and pressing paper onto the block. The areas or lines gouged out do not print. (Examples: woodcut, block print, linocut, styrofoam plate, etc.

Linocut Process

First, I created four designs to choose for my linocut.
Then, I picked this design and shaded and colored in what I would leave and cut away.
After that, I put graphite paper in between the linoleum square and the paper and went over the orange part with pen to transfer the design on the block.
Then I carved the linoleum with a gouge.
I chose white paper to print on and I signed my name and put register marks on to know where to put the plate when printing.
Then, I inked up the brayer and rolled the ink onto my plate. I repeated this three more times and with green.
Here are my four prints before I printed twice on them.
I carved away excess linoleum and left my second design.
FInished Product.

Linocut Reflection

I chose my imagery because I like the beach and I like echinoderms. Lily Pulitzer kind of influenced my design because I have one of her designs as my binder cover. I am happy with my color choices because I thought that the warm and cool colors go together. I would not make any changes besides trying to be more tidy. I prefer the color reduction technique because I think it was easy and fun. The process was only a little tedious because I had to carve out so much.

Mixed Media Vocabulary

Abstract: A style of art that is not realistic. Unusual lines, colors, and shapes make the subject look unrealistic. It is often characterized by the use of geometric lines and shapes and bold, bright colors.

Acrylics: Quick drying, plastic polymer pigment used with water.

Additives: The process of adding or joining parts and/or visual elements together to create a painting, collage or sculpture (as opposed to subtractive).

Background: The part of the picture plane that seems to be farthest from the viewer.

Foreground: Part of a two-dimensional artwork that appears to be nearer the viewer or in the “front” of the image. Middle ground and background are the parts of the picture that appear to be farther and farthest away.

Intensity: Also called chroma or saturation; refers to the brightness of a color (a color is full in intensity only when in its pure form and unmixed). Color intensity can be changed by adding black, white, gray or an opposite color on the color wheel.

Middle Ground: Area of a two-dimensional work of art between the foreground (closest to the front) and background (furthest receded).

Mixed Media: An artwork in which more than one type of art material is used.

Nonobjective: Having no recognizable object or subject; also, nonrepresentational.

Watercolor: A transparent pigment used with water. Paintings done with this medium are known as watercolors.

Mixed Media Process

First I blocked off section to keep white with rubber cement and a wax crayon.
I put yelow watercolor as a base so that I could mix red and orange with it.
I added salt and let it dry.
I scraped off the salt and rubber cement and added painters tape to block off where I didn't want white paint.
I screen printed a geometric design on the sun portion and let it dry.
Then I added another screen print in blue over the blue portion of the paper.
When I took off the tape, I really liked the design so I created a side project and added acrylic paint on top.
Here is what my piece looks like after the two screen prints.
I added acrylic paint with a comb and tried to be subtle, but that didn't work out too well.
I added string gel paint to accent the focal point.
Second to last, I zentangled on top of my piece.
I painted my box white so that I would have a nice background color.
Lastly, I mounted my piece on the block and cut off the excess and will then put apoxy resin on top to make it shiny.

Mixed Media Reflection

My background would be the watercolor. I chose to do a sun design to hopefully sumon it so that it gets warm out. The middle ground would be the screen print and the acrylic. I chose red acrylics to accent the sun colors because I didn't use as much in the watercolors. I chose a geometric white screen print to make it look more interesting and to add some dimension. The foreground is made up of the string gel paint and my zentangles. I used the string gel to accent the focal point which was part of the center of the sun. My zentangles were added to add some little interesting spots. I am happy with my results and if I could change one thing, it would be to make part of it smaller so that I would have more blue showing.

Silk Painting Vocabulary

Analogous Color: Colors that appear next to each other on the color wheel. Analagous colors have one hue in common. For example, blue, blue-green, and blue-violet all contain blue. Also called related colors.

Color: The visual sensation dependent on the reflection or absorption of light from a given surface. An element of art made up of three distinct qualities: hue, intensity, and value.

Complementary Colors: Colors that contrast with one another. Complementary colors are opposite one another on the color wheel.

Cool Colors: The family of colors that includes greens, blues, and violets. Cool colors bring to mind cool things, places, and feelings.

Gutta Resist: Prevents dye from reaching the fabric; it resists the dye.

Intermediate Colors: Colors that are a mixture of a primary and a secondary color. Blue-green, red-orange, and red-violet are examples of intermediate colors.

Primary Colors: Colors that are mixed to make all other colors. The primary colors are red, yellow, and blue.

Secondary Color: A color made by mixing two primary colors. An equal mixture of primary colors. The secondary colors are green, violet, and orange.

Warm Colors: The family of colors that includes reds, yellows, and oranges. Warm colors bring to mind warm things, places, and feelings.

Silk Painting Process

First, I drew a design and traced it in sharpie so that it would stand out.
Then, I carefully traced it onto the silk with a pencil.
I outlined my design with Gutta Resist to make sure that the paint wouldn't bleed through the lines.
I started by painting the yellow on the ball and I was extra careful so that it wouldn't bleed. Next I painted the pink for my name. I used royal blue for the splash and the background by watering down the splash blue.
After that I added water drops to make the affect of water.
Finished Product.

Silk Painting Reflection

I chose a water polo ball because I love to play water polo. I had a water splash around it because water polo is played in water and I love the ocean. Whenever I go to the beach, I always help out at an ocean conservation school that teaches kids about the ocean. I chose realistic colors because water is blue and water polo balls are normally yellow. I also chose pink because it is one of my favorite colors. I think that I excelled in the painting stage because it was relaxing and I liked how it spread (I made sure that no paint jumped the lines). I kind of struggled with the gutta part because I had to be patient and very cautious of where my hand was so that I wouldn't smudge it.

Mimi's teapot was very pretty and I thought it was such a good idea.

Batik Vocabulary

Chroma: The purity of a color or its freedom from white or gray.

Color relationships: Also called color schemes or harmonies. The relationships of colors on the color wheel. Basic color schemes include monochromatic, analogous, and complementary

Color Wheel: A circular diagram of the spectrum used to show the relationships between the colors

Contrast: The differences in elements, opposites.

Emphasis: The significance or importance given to an element of design.

Movement: Visual flow through the composition.

Pattern: Repeated colors, lines, shapes, or textures in an artwork. Pattern is a principal of design. Also, a plan or model to be followed when making something.

Repetition: refers to one object or shape repeated.

Rhythm: The repeating of one or several elements to create movement.

Tint: A color such as pink that is created by mixing a hue with white. Also, a light value of a color.

Tjanting: A tool used in creating batik patterns. (Batik is a wax resist decorative technique used on fabric.) They hold and dispense hot wax in such a way that the artist can control the pattern laid down by the wax with a great deal of precision.

Triad: The three color scheme on the color wheel based on a logical relationship.

Value: The element of art that describes the lightness or darkness of a hue.

Batik Process

Here are some pictures that inspired my batik design.
Then, I drew 6 thumbnail designs.
I chose one and colored it to help me get ideas for the colors I will dye it.
I waxed the places where I wanted to stay white with a brush and hot wax.
Then I dunked it in yellow dye and rinsed it to get a light yellow.
After that, I dunked it in a blue dye to get the light green. I waxed the parts I wanted to stay light green with a tjanting tool.
Then I dunked it back into the blue to get a teal so that I can transition to a darker blue.
I added some wax for some stripes in the water and a registration mark.
I waxed the greenish blue so that it would stay that way. I also dunked it in Royal blue.
Once again I dunked it in dark blue to try to make it darker.
Apparently, the dark blue was as dark as it would get. So I tried dunking it in Rasberry and
I dunked it in Rasberry again and didn't rinse it to keep the vibrant color.
I waxed some dots to add detail on the sea star.
I waxed over the whole sea star and painted the shell brown.
I waxed the entire batik and crumpled it and dunked it in black.
Lastly, I ironed off the wax using newspapers and an iron.

Batik Reflection

In my batik, I started with white and went on to yellow, light blue, green, light blue again, dark blue, dark blue, rasberry, rasberry, eggplant, brown, then black. The hardest part about this project was coming up with the right colors that I wanted. Mixing the colors was a challenge because it was like a box of chocolate, you never know what you're gonna get. I wish that I knew that wax is addicting and that someone would break and ruin the wax party. I especially wish I knew that my other classmates were distrating and rambunctious (thanks for the word, Mimi) and would get the class kind of behind. An art related thing I wish I knew was how long it would take. If I did this project differently, I would chose a more intricate design to challenge myself.

Glass Bugs

First I took a clear piece of glass and put it on the bottom. Then I put 5 pieces of wire on top to create legs. After that I put 3 pieces of glass on top to create the preffered body shape. Finally I put a piece of clear glass on top to make it smooth and glossy.
I put the round bumps of different colors on the back and put it in the fuse for a tack fuse.
When it came out of the kiln, I bent the legs and pinchers.

Glass Bug Reflection

If I were to do this project differently, I would use a different color as the base for the bumps. I would most likely choose a peach or light pink color. I also would make sure that my clear glass doesn't run over by not using as much.

Created By
Abby Hendershot


Created with images by fancycrave1 - "art creativity drawing"

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