At the time the schools were segregated and even some black people were not aloud to go to school. The Brown vs Edu. case was when a family protested that the segregation was against the 14th amendment and took it to court. The court said that the two different schools had the same kind of education and the same curricula and teachers. Then the supreme court said that the state laws violated the equal protection clause of the fourteenth amendment.
The two sides were the brown family and the the government.