Isabella I of Castile Zaineb Almousa

She was born on April 22, 1451 in Madrigal de las Altas Torres, Spain She died on November 26, 1504 in Medina del Campo, Spain. Her occupation was to be Queen of Castile and Aragon and Queen of Spain. She was known as, Queen Isabella, Isabella I of Spain, Isabella of Castile and Aragon, Isabella the Catholic, Isabel la Catolica. Her mother was Isabella of Portugal (1428 - 1496). Her father was John (Juan) of Castile (1405 - 1454). Her husband was Ferdinand II of Aragon. She was queen of Castile and León in her own right. She married Ferdinand II of Aragon, bringing the kingdoms together in what became Spain. She also help sponsor Christopher Columbus's voyage to discover the new world.
Henry IV was her half brother. When Isabella and Henry's father passed away he left money for them. Henry was next in line to take the thrown. Soon after being king, Henry became greedy and took all the money for him self, leaving his family with nothing.
A daughter had been born to her brother elder brother, Henry of Castile, but many nobles questioned the paternity of the princess, and disliked Henry, whose court was very corrupt. powerful Archbishop of Toledo, favored the cause of Isabella's younger brother Alfonso, and led an army against Henry, which lead to Alfonso's death.rebellious nobles then attempted to place Isabella on the throne, but she refused, stating she will remain loyal to Henry. Later a marriage was arranged between the disowned princess Juana, and the Prince of Portugal.
Henry later named Isabella his successor and tried to force Isabella into arranged marriages she did not want. So she secretly married Ferdinand II of Aragon in 1469 and this made Henry infuriated. He was so infuriated with her he withdrew is claim making Isabella the successor to the throne and made his daughter, Juana the successor. She took the throne after Henry’s death in 1474, but after a war of succession that ended in 1479 causing Isabella became the Queen of Castile.
Isabella had five children: Isabel, John, Joan, Maria, and Catherine. Of her five children, two of them were deceased before Isabella, also her grandson and heir passed on, which brought many sorrows during her last few years. Also her daughter Joanna "Juana la Loca" was mentally unstable and her son Charles, after Ferdinand's death, became Holy Roman Emperor. Catherine was the first wife of Henry VIII of England and mother of Mary I of England.
Due to family have such little wealth, Isabella received a very poor education. Education was very important for Isabella and wanted a great one. She learned Latin at age thirty five. Also, she wanted scholars to set up palace schools at her court. She also educated her sons and daughters (Joanna, Maria, Isabella, John and Cathrine). Isabella lived a life as a mother, wife, Catholic and queen. Her dream was for continued rule for her family, which was successful, and greatness for her country.
Isabella of Castile was a powerful queen as Europe passed from the Late Middle Ages to the Renaissance. Her marriage to Ferdinand II of Aragon began a thirty five year joint rule of a unified Spain by the Catholic Monarchs. Ferdinand and Isabella succeeded as joint sovereigns to the throne of Castile on the death of Isabella's half brother Henry IV in December of 1474. Isabella was queen of Castile from 1474 to 1505, and she had to fight a civil war to secure her throne. The Inquisition was aimed mostly at Jews and Muslims who had overtly converted to Christianity but were thought to be practicing their faiths secretly, known as morranos and moriscos
Ferdinand and Isabella were given the title "the Catholic monarchs" (los Reyes Católicos) by the Pope, in recognition of their role in "purifying" the faith. Among Isabella's other religious interests, she also took a special interest in the order of nuns, the Poor Clares. Isabella and Ferdinand proceeded with their plans to unify all of Spain by continuing a long-standing but stalled effort to expel the Moors (Muslims) who held parts of Spain. In 1492, the Muslim Kingdom of Granada fell to Isabella and Ferdinand, thus completing the Reconquista. She and her husband are also responsible for the unification of Spain, reducing crime and debt and struggle.
In 1492, Christopher Columbus convinced Isabella to sponsor his voyage of exploration. The lasting effects of this were many: by the traditions of the time, when Columbus was the first European to encounter lands in the New World, the lands were given to Castile. Isabella took a special interest in the Native Americans of the new lands; when some were brought back to Spain as slaves she insisted they be returned and freed, and her will expressed her wish that the "Indians" be treated with justice and fairness.
The great period of discovery from the latter half of the fifteenth through the sixteenth centuries is generally referred to as the Age of Exploration. It is exemplified by the Genoese navigator, Christopher Columbus (1451–1506), who undertook a voyage to the New World under the auspices of the Spanish monarchs, Isabella I of Castile (1451–1504) and Ferdinand II of Aragon (1452–1516). . The age is also recognized for the first English voyage around the world. The voyage lead to the discovery of India, Cape of Good. The voyage lead to a route through America to the east which ultimately led to discovery of the passage known today.
The discovery of the new world occurred because of her sponsorship. Also, due to the powerfulness of Isabella I of Castile and the help of her husband, it has lead to Spain to be what it is today.

First page of Spain:

Second Page of Isabella:

Third page of Henry IV of Castile:

Fourth Page Henry IV in court:

Fifth Page Ferdinand II of Aragon:

Sixth Page Isabella and her Children:

Seventh Page Isabella:

Eight Page Inquision:

Ninth Page Spain:

Tenth Page Christopher Columbus:

Eleventh Page Map:

Twelfth and Final Page Spain:

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Zaineb Almousa

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