The Greek Renaissance
About 800 B.C.E. things began to change in Dorian Greece. Groups of people began to hunker down on the tops of hills in order to protect themselves. There they began to build fortifications. This type of hilltop fortification became known as the Acropolis. The acropolis is the beginning of a new type of community for the Greeks.
By 750 B.C.E., the Greeks are again taking to the sea. It is necessary. Greece lacks the resources needed to improve life. Slowly, the Greeks begin to establish trade with the people around the eastern Mediterranean Sea. While trade brings the Greeks needed goods, it also brings them important ideas.
The Greeks relearn the skill of reading and writing from the Phoenicians. They take the idea of the Phoenician alphabet. But they did it one better. The Greeks added extra letters for the sounds of the vowels. Now one can look at the word and sound it out. However, what the Greeks do not have is punctuation. No commas and no periods, no question marks.
This is what the Greek alphabet looks like. The Greeks took the original way the Phoenicians wrote letters, and made each letter simpler to write. This approach to doing things is typically Greek. The Greeks are great at taking ideas from others, studying them, and then coming up with ways to improve upon them. That done, the Greeks would then adopt their improved idea.
If you want to learn the Greek letters, here is the Greek alphabet song.
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