Boxer Rebellion By: Nate Ferguson & Jaxson Dian

Introduction

The Boxer Rebellion also known as the Yihequan Movement took place in China from (1899-1901) towards the end of the Qing dynasty. The uprising took place against a background of severe disruption caused by the encroachment of America and European nations. The Rebels believed that physical training would make them able to withstand bullets, killed foreigners and Chinese Christians and destroyed foreign property.

Claim

Although they were unsuccessful at the time, the Boxer Rebellion was a revolution because the Qing Dynasty later turned into a republic, which was the goal of the Boxers from the start.

Background Info

Boxers set out to destroy everything they considered foreign. They slaughtered Chinese Christians, missionaries and other persons from foreign countries, and anyone they found who supported Western ideas. They burned houses, schools, and churches. When foreign diplomats in Beijing sent out calls for troops, the Manchu government declared war against the foreign powers.

Political

"Those demands were formalized in the Boxer Protocol of September 1901, which laid a crushing burden on China, including an indemnity of approximately $750 million" ("Boxer Rebellion").

Warrant

The Boxers got what they wanted from the Qing Dynasty when the emperor created the Boxer Protocol. If the the Boxer Rebellion was not a revolution, the Boxers would not have been able to cause any change in China.

Social

“Training intensively in a martial art that they believed would protect them from bullets, the Boxers were emboldened to attack foreigners to express their many frustrations" ("Boxer Rebellion")

Warrant

The Boxers did not have the weapons to put up a good fight with the Chinese empire, and they eventually lost the rebellion because of the lack of weaponry. If they would have had weapons to train with, the Boxers could have achieved their goal of a change in government.

Economical

“China was prohibited from importing arms for two years and it agreed to pay more than $330 million in reparations to the foreign nations involved” (Williams).

Warrant

This is just one of the many economical effects that the Boxer Rebellion had on China. If China would have simply changed to a republic nation before when the people asked, there would never have been the need for revolution.

Conclusion

As stated before, the Boxer Rebellion ended in 1901 with the Boxer Protocol. In 1911, another uprising occurred in hope of changing China into a republic nation. The Chinese emperors learned their lesson from before, and after only a few months of protesting from the citizens, China formally agreed to be a republic.

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