Values and Beliefs
In America the values and beliefs that the citizens had about the Vietnam War were very different from each other. The Vietnam War was the first war televised in American history. That was a big impact on the war and the beliefs. The content that was shown on t.v. was very graphic and sad, and most of the American viewers were greatly impacted. Anyone that was in school had to learn about the Vietnam War and it impacted them because they could have had family in the war.
In the Vietnam war there were many tactics used to fight. This was the first war that the United States fought Guerrilla warfare. That type of military tactic was used by the North Vietnamese people (Vietcong). Guerrilla warfare was a very stealthy tactic where the Vietcong would sneak up on the U.S. solders and attack them. The first tactic used by the Vietcong was making their establishment. The National Liberation Front (N.L.F.) was a political organization with its own army first established in South Vietnam in 1954. Latter on in the war the N.L.F. recruited people from the south to fight the war. They built a path to the South called the Ho Chi Minh trail. over time the N.L.F. grew bigger. The Vietnamese people dug tunnels under ground and it was hard for the Americans to fight the war. Another tactic that the Vietcong used was conventional warfare. It was a strategy to play the offence and attack the South Vietnamese army. This was a good strategy because the first attacks stunned the U.S. and the A.R.V.N. Using the conventional warfare tactic sparked the greatest anti-war movements in America. Some of the U.S. tactics included Napalm and Agent Orange. Napalm was a gas that was dropped on the Vietcong, and Agent Orange was a chemical used to destroy crops.
During the war American citizens were doing a lot of things for the war. Some things that went on in the U.S. was the drafts to the war, anti-war movements, issues in the government. When the United States joined the Vietnam War boys would have to draft for the war after high school. Some people would not go to war because they went to college or hurt them selves or they left America. Then the anti-war movements happened and people would try to get others to help end "the war in America". Some of these things that happened in America caused the government to have problems. The war caused the U.S. government $173 billion ($770 billion today's money). A lot of things happened in the U.S. during the war.
The Vietnam war was the start of a great era of music. Rock was a big thing during the war and protest music. Protest music was very influential during the war because it talked about what was happening during the war, and younger people could connect with the music. Rock was popular because it connected with the war and the protests.
Propaganda had a big impact on the Vietnam war. Propaganda influenced everyone in America and in the other countries. Some types of Propaganda was posters, things said on the radio or t.v. and any other types of media. These things would influence everyone to play a part in the war by fighting or even protesting. The propaganda was meant to get the community involved in the war and it wasn't just the government fighting it.
There were many things that went on during the war and one big thing that happened was protesting. There were hundreds of protests against the war all across the United States. Protests happened because people didn't agree with the war. Protests like the Mobe's Moratorium to End the War in Vietnam mobilizes 500,000. March against Death, Washington, D.C. were considered the biggest protests during the Vietnam war. The protest featured many anti-war politicians including Ugene McCarthy, George McGovern and Charles Goodell. These people were very influential people. There was also many musical performances in the protests that were held across the U.S. The Vietnam war was a war with a lot of protesting.
During the war there was a lot of media. There were things like protests, propaganda, t.v., radio, etc. The Vietnam war was the first war in all of U.S. history that was televised. That changed the history of war. With the war televised it showed people in America the true effects of war and what happens to the boys that go to war. It was a very emotional war for most people to watch but it was very interesting to view what happens on the front lines.
The economy during the Vietnam war wasn't the best for the U.S. The requirements of the war effort strained the nation's production capacities, leading to imbalances in the industrial sector. Factories that would have been producing consumer goods were being used to make items from the military, causing controversy over the government's handling of economic policy. In addition, the government's military spending caused several problems for the American economy.
America got deeply involved with the Vietnam war. America’s desire to assure that developing countries modernize as capitalist and democratic. American involvement began with economic and social support in South Vietnam.
The government/SSS made two ways to determine who went to war. The boys born between 1944 and 1950 went to war. Numbers 1 to 366 were written on pieces of paper and put into separate plastic container and groups of people had a numbers. If that number was drawn then the people would go to war. Then they did letters of the Alphabet and those people got called to war. During the draft many people that didn't want to go to war would hurt themselves, went to another country, or went to school. Those people were called draft dodgers.
The family roles in america were... the women would stay at home or go to work depending on what they do. If they stayed at home they would do regular house cleaning and other chores to maintain the house. They would also pay the bills because their husband was at war. If the family had children they would go to school or war if they were old enough. Finally the father would go to war.
Re-integration into society
After the Vietnam war many troops came back home. It was hard for most of the solders to get back to society. It was hard because they have been so used to the conditions of war. Many people that came back from the war had developed Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (P.T.S.D). If something like a book hitting the ground, someone coming back from war could think it was a gun shot and they would flip out. Another thing that happened was solders being homeless because they didn't have enough education or money to live. The Vietnam war had some bad psychological effects on people because it was a very brutal war and people saw a lot of dark things that happened in Vietnam.
The Vietcong wanted to reunite the Vietnamese community. The U.S. fought the war because they didn't want South Vietnam to fall into the hands of communists.
The Vietnam war was a big start for racial equality. It was a war that the most African Americans fought in. Most black people during the time of the war went to Vietnam to fight for their country. But some of them stayed and fought the war for peace.