1. the state of being male or female (typically used with reference to social and cultural differences rather than biological ones)
Night and Day
A Collaborative Group Essay
Equality is a balancing act. All across the world women, as well as men, have undergone a slow evolution of how their roles are defined. Weather that be in the workforce, the household, or society in general However, in America, women's’ and men's’ roles as of 2015 are loosely defined. When we look at the progression of how Americans view gender roles from 1880 to 2015 is like night and day.
During a cold night on American soil, in the 1880s, you would see no women on the street. They would be in their homes, caring for their children. This is because around this time and for a long time after women were seen as emotional, pure, dependent, weak, passive, and timid. In societies eyes, they need a man who was seen as powerful, active, independent, and ambitious.
Over the next couple of decades proceeding, 1880 women achieved many other rights. For example, in the early 1900’s women were able to have more control over their property. As well as working in textile mills and garment shops and continue their role of being a mother and wife. With the job that they occupied they received unfair minimal pay, adding on to that they had to work long crucial hours. Around 1910 the state started to pass the legislation that limited working hours and it aided women and children’s working conditions. Also, Some states like Utah, Wyoming, Washington, Colorado, and Idaho gave women the right to vote by 1910. One of the biggest limps in the fight for women's equality was all women finally gained the right to vote in 1920 through the 19th amendment. This marketed the Prohibition era. This is the time when women were standing up for their rights and improving society. Many females were very active in all important reforms like one of the most important, abolition. Because of this, another law was passed in 1938 in favor to females, it was the Fair Labor standards Act that established minimum wages without regarding sex of workers. Although in the 1930’s women wouldn’t be involved with many jobs it started to change towards the 1940’s. Women would work in the most dangerous industrial jobs in the U.S defense plants.
Although women gained a lot more rights than they had before, a lot of women weren’t using them. For example, women had the right to vote, but it took 30 years, in the 1950’s, to reach an equal number of votes as men. The 30 year of silence from women to vote could have been due to women serving with the armed forces, flying planes and healing soldiers. By 1945 the war was over and people began to settle down and make homes. This is when the homemaker ideal was instilled into our society. It was wildly common for women to be expected to clean, cook and raise children. Some women, however, married or not, still entered the job force. Jobs were segregated into “jobs for men” and “jobs for women”.
Around the 1970’s the U.S Court of Appeals needed to be “substantially equal” but not “identical”. For example, job titles couldn’t be altered in order to pay women less than men. A few years later, the Supreme Court established the right to legal and safe abortion. Also, in 1978 a law was passed that women could not be denied a job or fired if they got pregnant or be forced to take a pregnancy leave if she wants to work. Women still progressed and worked anyways. They slow climbed the corporate ladder proving their worth and intelligence.
In the military, in 1994 the Pentagon decide to restrict women from combat roles, but this was banned in 2013, according to U.S news. Women's roles had very few similarities from late 1800, most of it has changed. For example, women are still mothers and wives, but they are much more than that, women are independent, they work in almost any field from offices to construction, and many women are involved in politics. A huge example of this is in 2016, Hillary Clinton was the first women to run for President of the United States. “Profile of Women in the United States in 2000
2005” states that 84% of women who are 25 years old or older have a high school diploma, which is equal to the men’s percentage. Throughout the year's women have faced different situations and they have changed from roles in our society.
As women prove their strength, so do men. This is show in the book, “Into the Wild” published by Jon Krakauer, it was a nonfiction book about a young adult named Chris who was found in Alaska written in 1995. Throughout the book, the author writes about Chris’s life and interviews the author conducted with people who were involved in Chris’s life. There was a section in the book where the author talks about Chris going Into the Wild. This was to prove Chris's manliness.
Man have stayed stuck in the roles they were given, as women progress to be equal with men. How women were viewed in 1880 to 2015 is like night and day. As time progresses more and more members of American society are becoming accepting of people's differences by not defining their passion by what’s in between their legs.