Anne Frank Portfolio Aaliyah Theos - Period 3

Anne Frank Biography

Exploring Amsterdam

The Secret Annex

"The Annex is an ideal place to hide in. It may be damp and lopsided, but there's probably not a more comfortable hiding place in all of Amsterdam. No, in all of Holland," Anne Frank states in her diary. Compared to other hiding places where Jews and wanted people by the Nazis, the Secret Annex was big enough to fit two families. Father Voskuijl, the warehouse manager, created the the moveable bookcase in front of the Secret Annex to keep it a secret. Due to being caught, only the attic window is open, where Anne liked to get fresh air and see the chestnut tree. During the day, the people try to flush as least as possible, because people working in the warehouse located downstairs can hear the flush through the waste pipes.

The kitchen where the Frank family and others hiding with them ate and prepared food.
A window in the attic where Anne Frank would look out to get a "breath of fresh air".

The Chestnut Tree

"Nearly every morning I go to the attic to blow the stuffy air out of my lungs, from my favorite spot on the floor I look up at the blue sky and the bare chestnut tree, on whose branches little raindrops shine, appearing like silver, and at the seagulls and other birds as they glide on the wind. As long as this exists, I thought, and I may live to see it, this sunshine, the cloudless skies, while this lasts I cannot be unhappy," says Anne Frank, in her diary. Over the years, the tree has deteriorated because of fungi and a moth infestation. Due to the risks of the tree falling down, the Borough Amsterdam Centrum ordered for the tree to be cut down, but a judge issued an injunction to stop the removal temporarily. Supporters of the Foundation Support Anne Frank Tree suggested supporting construction, and decided to take care of the tree. On August 23, 2010, due to high winds, the tree was blown down and fell across a garden wall and garden sheds.

A garden that represents the garden that the 150 - 170 year old chestnut tree fell upon.
The Borough Amsterdam Centrum, the people who ordered the tree to be chopped down were here.

Nuremberg Laws

This chart shows the passing of Jewish blood down a family.

1. Marriage between Jews and subjects of the state of German or related blood are forbidden. Marriages nevertheless concluded are invalid, even if concluded abroad to circumvent the law. Annulment proceedings can be initiated only by the State Prosecutor.

2. Extramarital intercourse between Jews and subjects of the state of German or related blood is forbidden.

3. Jews may not employ in their household female subjects of the state of German of related blood who are under 45 years old.

4. Jews are forbidden to fly the Reich or National flag or to display the Reich colors. They are, on the other hand, permitted to display the Jewish colors. The exercise of this right is protected by the State.

5. Any person who violates the prohibition under I will be punished by a prison sentence with hard labor. A male who violates the prohibition under I will be punished with a prison sentence with or without hard labor. Any person violating the provisions under III or IV will be punished with a prison sentence of up to one year and a fine, or with one or the other of these penalties. The Reich Minister of the Interior, in coordination with the Deputy of the F├╝hrer and the Reich Minister of Justice, will issue the Legal and Administrative regulations required to implement and complete the Law. The Law takes effect on the day following promulgations except for III, which goes into force on January 1, 1936. Nuremberg, September 15, 1935 at the Reich Party Congress of Freedom.

Nerumberg Laws were made to blindly strip away the Jewish of their laws. The Nuremberg laws were very similar to the Jim Crow laws in America. Jim Crow laws were directed towards black people, and Nuremberg laws were directed towards Jews. They were not allowed to have any kind of relations with Germans. They also were harshly punished with hard labor and/or a prison sentence.

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