History of the Yosemite National Park
- John Muir and Robert Johnson lobbied Congress for the Act that created Yosemite National Park on October 1, 1890.
- The Ahwahneechee Indians are the first to have lived on the land then it was settled by the Europeans in the mid 1880's.
- Seven present tribes descend from the people that once called this area their home.
- By 1907 railroads from Merced to El Portal made it easier to travel and increasing visitation.
- Today there is about 4 million people that come to the Yosemite to visit.
National parks are mostly funded by ONPS which stands for Operation of the National Park Service. The Yosemite also takes Donations of many different types.
General Description of the Region
- Yosemite National Park lies in the heart of California.
- Yosemite National Park illustrates the effects of glacial erosion of granitic bedrock, creating geologic features that are unique in the world.
- It has 5 of the worlds highest waterfalls.
- Unique and pronounced landform features including distinctive polished dome structures, as well as hanging valleys and much more.
- Yosemite National Park covers nearly 1,200 square miles.
- 95% of its precipitation between October and May and 75% between November and March.
- Blanketed in snow from about November through May.
Animals and Vegetation
- Over 400 species of vertebrates.
- Reptiles: Western Fence Lizard
- Birds: Acorn Woodpecker
- Mammals: Bobcat
- California Black Oak
- Jeffrey Pine
- Blue Oak
- Structures, artifacts, and trails symbolize more than their tangible worth by revealing underlying human values.
- Tools, ornaments, buildings, food remains, and changed landscapes are studied to uncover clues about historic cultures, economic systems, settlement patterns, demography, and social organizations.
- For example, Rustic design of many Yosemite structures may be the belief that buildings should blend in with the natural setting and that nature influenced their design.
- Habitat loss in the park and are accompanied by various forms of pollution including air pollution from car emissions.
- Increase in infrastructure.
- New housing projects and commercial construction.
- Areas of river banks close to camp sites have been eroded by visitors, destroying natural habitats.
- Noise pollution from vehicles and campsites rivals the Park's natural noises.
- Reconstruction of flood-damaged sections of road.
- Planning for a new, expanded park museum.
- Establishing a new environmental learning center in the park.
- A new educational exhibit hall in Yosemite Valley Visitor Center.
- Ecological restoration efforts that will improve valuable meadow and river areas.
- Accessibility improvements for people with disabilities.
- Construction of new office space for park scientists.