Initial Actions-Crisis Response Plan Porterville College

Stay Safe Campaign

Initial Actions

This Presentation Will Cover:

Duck and Cover


Lock Down

Evacuate Building (aka Fire Alarm)

Active Shooter (aka Active Assailant)

How well staff/students take these actions with, or without direction can be critical to the outcome of your emergency!

Duck and Cover


Protect staff and students from flying or falling debris.

Key Actions:

  • If inside, staff and students should duck under furniture and cover their head with their arms and hands. Try to move away from windows.
  • If outside, staff and students should drop to the ground, place their head between their knees, and cover their head with their arms and hands. Move to a sheltered location when possible. Outside during an earthquake, try to move away from power lines, tall buildings, trees, etc.

When and Where to Use Duck and Cover:

  • Immediate normal response to unusual loud noise or event.
  • Indoors or outdoors.
  • Followed by other actions as necessary.

Duck & Cover Drill - The Great ShakeOut



Keep staff/students indoors to protect from severe weather, contaminated air or other outside environment threats. Unlike LOCK DOWN, it allows free movement within enclosed buildings.

Key Actions:

  • If outside, staff/students will proceed to nearest classrooms or school buildings.
  • Staff/students will remain indoors until further instructions are received from administration or emergency personnel.
  • Shut down classroom/building HVAC system and close doors and windows if outside air is contaminated!


  • Typically used for environmental threats, including animals.
  • May require shut-down of HVAC - isolation from outside air.
  • In some cases is a better alternative than evacuation.

For extended events, consider activating a Staff and Student Comfort Group to provide water, snacks, etc.

Lock Down


Protect staff and students from threat of violence on, or near campus and prevent intruders from entering occupied areas.

Key Actions:

  • If outside, staff/students will proceed to nearest classroom or building.
  • If inside, staff will lock the doors, turn off lights, and close any shades or blinds if safe to do so.
  • If there is gunfire, everyone will CROUCH on the floor and seek cover when safe to do so.
  • Staff and students will remain secured pending further instructions or “ALL CLEAR” from Administration/Police.

Lock Down Preparedness:

  • Practice barricading spaces that cannot be locked.
  • Practice using alternate available spaces.
  • Practice at unusual times.


Communicating type and location of threat is important.

Modified Lock-Down (essentially Shelter-In-Place) may be better choice if threat is from off-campus event and campus perimeter can be secured and monitored.


Know the difference and use the proper procedure!

LOCK-DOWN protects staff/students from a HUMAN threat. Buildings are secured, and everyone hides to avoid detection.

SHELTER-IN-PLACE protects from an ENVIRONMENTAL threat. Buildings do not need to be locked. Students and staff may move about, but must remain indoors!

Remember - If threat is from contaminated outside air, it is imperative to keep that air out of buildings:

  • Doors and windows must be kept closed.
  • HVAC systems must be shut down.
Building Evacuation

Building Evacuation


Move staff and students out of potentially unsafe buildings.

Key Actions:

  • Upon seeing fire in building, or hearing alarm, staff and students will evacuate the building and gather in a designated assembly area.
  • Staff and students shall remain outside until given an "All Clear" or further instructions.


Fire in one building might not require evacuation of other buildings.

If there is no immediate threat of fire spread, consider "Shelter In Place" to protect staff and students from smoke or embers.

Should not be an automatic response to every bad thing. Can expose people to further injury.

Close doors when leaving, but weigh the need to lock doors. Locked doors can greatly impede emergency responders!

Armed Intruder Incidents

The appropriate “initial” campus-wide action for any Armed Intruder incident (including an Active Shooter) is LOCK DOWN!

However, individuals or groups who come in direct contact with an Armed Intruder/Active Shooter must be prepared to take other immediate action.

This is a life and death situation and the actions they should take will be driven by the circumstances.

Armed Intruder Actions


Protect staff and students from threats of violence on campus and prevent intruders from entering occupied areas.

Key Actions:

  1. Run
  2. Hide
  3. Fight

These principles apply to any situation where staff or students face any armed intruder, whether shooting a gun, or wielding some other dangerous weapon.


If there is an accessible route, attempt to escape:

  • Leave your belongings behind.
  • Do not attempt to move wounded people.
  • Prevent individuals from entering the area.
  • Follow instructions of police officers.
  • Keep your hands visible at all times.
  • Call 9-1-1 when you are safe.
  • Help others escape, if possible.


If escape is not possible, quickly find a place to hide:

  • Out of the armed intruder's view.
  • Don’t trap/restrict your movement.
  • If possible, lock the door.
  • If possible, quickly blockade door.
  • Hide behind large items.
  • Silence cell phone/other noise sources.
  • Remain quiet.


“Cover” has ballistic stopping potential:

  • Brick or concrete walls or columns.
  • Rows of filled file cabinets.
  • Rows of full book shelves.
  • Vehicles – the motor end.
  • Outside – Boulders/mounds/trees.


Lock the door, if possible.

Use filing cabinets, or heavy furniture to block door opening.

  • Make it difficult for intruder to enter.

Load furniture with books/heavy or large items.

  • Harder for intruder to move things.
  • May increase ballistic protection.

Wedge items under inward opening doors for added security.

Prepare to attack intruder, if necessary.


Last resort, only when life is immediately threatened!

A true life and death situation - Be prepared to attack with the intent to severely injure or kill the intruder:

  • Aggressively attack their eyes, nose, throat, head, groin.
  • Throw items or strike the intruder with improvised weapons.
  • Yell, kick, punch.

DO NOT QUIT…it may save your life or the lives of others!

PC Safe Campaign

Your ability to be proactive when it comes to emergency preparedness and response helps keep everyone safe from harm and reduces the emotional stress that accompanies emergency situations and disasters.

If you see something, say something


Created By
Todd Dearmore