Robert Hooke 1635-1703

Birth and death

Robert Hooke was born on the 28th of July 1635 and died at the age of 68 on March 3rd 1703.He died 24 years before Isaac Newton which be mentioned later.


His parents were John Hooke and Cecily Gyles. He was the youngest of four children. For a large part of his childhood, Hooke’s health was delicate. He spent much of his school time at home. As a child he was a quick learner and he impressed his father who then believed he was destined to be a clock maker or an artist.


He and Isaac Newton weren't on the best terms. So when Hooke died Newton destroyed anything that had to do with him because he knew that he was smarter although Newton was more popular.Newton became this jealous in 1686 when Hooke contributed to Newton's theory of gravity.


At first he was the apprentice of a painter called Peter Lely. When that didn't turn out well he went instead to study at London’s Westminster School. In 1653, Hooke enrolled at Oxford's Christ Church College, to pay for the school he worked as the assistant of the scientist Robert Boyle.

inventions and discoveries

He invented the universal joint (that allows the rod to "bend" in any direction, and is commonly used in shafts)
Iris Diaphragm( that allows different allows amounts of light to enter the microscope)
He discovered cells which he named that way because it reminded him of the little rooms in which monks inhabited.


Hooke wrote many books in his time, one of the most famous and useful ones was Micrographia. Micrographia is a book about various observations through different lenses. It was also the first book to illustrate plants and insects as seen through a microscope.

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