Malaysia Conservation and Management Challenges for Sustainable Forest
National Forest Act of 1984
- Designed to promote uniformity of the forestry laws of the States of Malaysia.
- Addresses issues related to forestry administration, management, conservation and forest development.
- Classifies Permanent Forest Estates (PFEs)and states that any products originating from a PFE or other State land are considered the property of the State Authority and therefore may only be extracted with a proper license.
National Forest Policy
Policy amended in 1992 to included:
- Conservation of biodiversity.
- Promote role of local communities in forest development.
- Sustainable utilization of genetic materials.
- To ensure that the forests are managed on a sustainable basis AAC is determined every 5 years.
- Records AAC had been exceeded when country's economic condition is not good.
Implementation of Selective Management System (SMS)
- Generally effective in addressing emissions.
- Still being refined to overcome issues with regards to impacts on species composition and recovery rates.
- More immediate issue is in improving harvesting and minimize damage through Reduced Impact Logging.
- Important tool to promote and demonstrate Sustainable Forest Management (SFM).
- Ensuring whats on paper is practiced on the ground.
- Third party inspection of forest management unit had resulted in significant improvements in forest management practices.
international perspective in conservation and management challenges for sustainable forest
- Planting of trees for commercial purposes.
- the supply of wood and wood products from afforested areas has prevented the over use and destruction of natural forests.
- A method of planting trees in an existing forested area.
- When forests are removed without reestablishment they can be reforested by planting trees in the same area to rebuild the existing area.
- Removal of trees within a stand based on size limitations.
- Allows for forest regeneration to occur between and after the selective harvest cycles.
- Controlled burn is a method that uses to manage forests.
- Fire can benefits the ecosystem within a forest.
- It renews the forest undergrowth and also stimulates the germination of trees species.