Carbon Tax By Liz Burghart and Hannah Aroune

We are working to have New Jersey implement a carbon tax. A carbon tax will help reduce, inform others, and prevent further climate change for the world. Climate change is so real in our world and putting a carbon tax in New Jersey will help further educate the citizens and also help this major problem. There is only one earth and climate change is slowly hurting the earth. There is no backup earth and if we continue to allow fossil fuels to be released and allow emissions to be released we are harming our only home. Carbon dioxide is the worst of the greenhouse gases, environmentally speaking. A good amount of energy used is through carbon dioxide and all of this gas released into the atmosphere is only hurting the earth. If we put a heavy tax on CO2 emissions, it will force people to think more environmentally wiser and choose better options for energy options. Implanting a carbon tax will also reduce pollution. We have this huge problem in our hands - pollution, harmful atmosphere, greenhouse gases, climate change, etc. - and if we take action by putting a carbon tax in New Jersey, we can make a small change, which will educate others to take action too and help produce a larger scale impact on the environment.
Canada, Colorado, Maryland, Washington, Oregon, New York, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and Vermont already have some form of a carbon tax in use. Their laws vary from $5 to $140 per tonne of carbon emissions. Many have invested millions in the future of our planet by supporting the carbon dioxide taxes worldwide.

States that do have a carbon tax and/or are looking into getting a carbon tax:

Colorado: first municipal carbon tax, on electricity consumption (utility bills) with deductions for using electricity from renewable sources, the revenues from the tax are expected to decrease over time as businesses and residents reduce their energy use and begin to use more solar and wind power.

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Maryland: The legislation required payments of $5 per ton of CO2 emitted from any stationary source emitting more than a million tons of carbon dioxide during a calendar year. The law provided for half of revenue to go toward creating a low interest loan plan for county residents to invest in residential energy efficiency upgrades.

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Washington: imposed a tax on carbon dioxide emissions and used that revenue to decrease the state's sales tax, the business tax, and expand the state's version of the earned income tax credit for low-income workers.

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Oregon: The Oregon tax, starting at $10/ton of CO2 and rising by $10 per year to $60/ton, or roughly twice the level of BC’s tax, would, by 2025, reduce the state’s greenhouse gas emissions by 12-13% below baseline projections and generate over $2 billion a year in revenue, according to the report.

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New York: Two Carbon Tax Center officers outlined the rationale for and distributional impacts of a potential $20/ton (of CO2), applying the lion’s share of carbon tax revenues to reduce the statewide sales tax rate by a full percentage point — paralleling the sales tax cut in Carbon Washington’s Measure I-732. “Leftover” revenues could help fortify the state’s infrastructure to withstand future storms and/or expedite and incentivize homeowners’ and business owners’ installation of photovoltaic electricity generating capacity.

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Massachusetts: The state’s Global Warming Solution Act of 2008 mandates a 25% reduction of CO2 emissions below 1990 levels by 2020 and an 80% reduction by 2050.

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Rhode Island: specifies an initial carbon fee of $15/ton of CO2, increasing in $5/ton annual increments. Seventy percent of the revenue would be refunded via per capita and per employee rebates to Rhode Island families and businesses, with 25% invested in renewable energy and efficiency programs. Job growth will continue apace in subsequent years, according to the study, as Rhode Islanders save much of the nearly $4 billion a year they now spend on fossil fuel energy, all of it imported from outside the state.

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Vermont: In January 2016 Gov. Peter Shumlin’s administration called for the state to “investigate and pursue options for market-based greenhouse gas emission policies.”

“We need to put a price on carbon in the markets, and a price on denial in politics” - Al Gore
Our goal would be to enact a carbon tax for the state of New Jersey, and be used as an example for other states and countries to look up to and inspire more change in the world. We care deeply about climate change and implanting this carbon tax will reduce the effects and future destruction of CO2 emissions. Similarly, the cap-and-trade method is another option of fossil fuel management. However, we feel a carbon tariff would be a more effective way to limit the amount of carbon dioxide we put into the planet. This could take several years to implement, but in the end will preserve the planet for many more. The cost will vary depending on usage and be paid for by those who use carbon.

Works Cited

"10 Reasons a Carbon Tax Is Trickier than You Think." Grist. 19 Nov. 2012. Web. 04 Jan. 2017.

"Carbon Tax or Cap-and-trade?" David Suzuki Foundation. Web. 04 Jan. 2017.

"The Case for a Carbon Tax." The New York Times. The New York Times, 06 June 2015. Web. 04 Jan. 2017.

EarthFixMedia. "Carbon Pricing, Explained With Chickens." YouTube. YouTube, 09 Feb. 2016. Web. 04 Jan. 2017.

"Home." Carbon Tax Center. Web. 04 Jan. 2017.

"NDP Spend $4.5M in Ads to Sell Carbon Tax, Climate Plan." Calgary Sun. Web. 04 Jan. 2017.

"NJDEP-News Release 06/48 - DEP and BPU Announce Milestone in Regional Effort to Combat Global Warming." NJDEP-News Release 06/48 - DEP and BPU Announce Milestone in Regional Effort to Combat Global Warming. Web. 04 Jan. 2017.

"What Is a Carbon Tax?" Province of British Columbia. Web. 04 Jan. 2017.

"What Is a Carbon Tax?" Tax Policy Center. Web. 04 Jan. 2017.

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