In Miranda v. Arizona (1966), Miranda was arrested at his home and taken into custody, where he was identified by a witness. He was interrogated for two hours, resulting in a written confession which he signed.
The text of the Miranda Rights read by U.S. Police
The Supreme Court later ruled that the confession was inadmissible as evidence since Miranda had not been aware of informed of his right to remain silent or to an attorney. It created the "Miranda Rights" police give to suspects under arrest.
The Supreme Court has also ruled that police can order all passengers out of a car when making a lawful traffic stop.
The most common kind of arrest is one where the person does not know that they are being arrested, an example being stopping someone for a traffic violation. The person is under arrest because they are not free to leave until released by the officer
In a case of police brutality, the accused can bring civil action seeking monetary damages for a violation of the Federal Civil Rights Act. The US Supreme Court ruled that deadly force "may not be used unless it is necessary to prevent escape, and the officer has probable cause to believe the suspect poses a significant threat of death or serious physical harm to the officer or others".
WHAT TO DO IF ARRESTED
Do not struggle with the officers. By you remaining calm you have less chance of assaulting an officer, or resisting arrest, both separate crimes you can be charged with.
COOPERATE WITH THE POLICE
When you are arrested for a minor offense, you may, in some places, be released without having to put up any money
When you are arrested for a serious misdemeanor or felony, you will not be released immediately
Do not talk about your case with anyone except your lawyer