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Malcolm X The man who wanted to rid racism, "By any means necessary."

As a kid the KKK would make frequent rides to his house and harass his family, a few years later his father, Earl Little, was killed and his family was denied a large health insurance bonus, not much later his mother suffered a nervous breakdown and never recovered. Feb 21, 1963 His house was firebombed. All of this just because he and his family wanted to be treated fairly. Many people sadly don’t know about Malcolm X so that is just who I am going to be talking about. Malcolm X was a African American Militant that wanted racial unity for all “By any means necessary”. This website will be discussing the life of Malcolm X.

What did Malcolm X want ?: After he served time in prison after being charged for running a burglary he found the Nation of Islam and joined. They taught him that white men were the devil and they needed to know their place. During his time with the Nation of Islam, he emphasized on the fact that African Americans had just as many rights as white people and that they should know that and be proud of it. Later on in his career after being suspended from The Nation of Islam, he went to Mecca where he took up the name El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz and learned that all races deserve racial unity instead of just African Americans.

Why did Malcolm X want racial unity ?: Malcolm X had a very rough childhood and had very traumatic experiences for a child. In 1931, when Malcolm Little was just 6 years old, His father was found dead near some streetcar rails. Earl’s family believed he was murdered because of the constant death treats he and his family received, but the police ruled it as an accident, refusing to give the family Earl’s life insurance bonus. This sent Malcolm’s Mother, Louise, into a nervous breakdown that she never recovered from. These events were what most likely influenced Malcolm X to pursue racial unity for all.

Why did Malcolm X want racial unity ?: Malcolm X had a very rough childhood and had very traumatic experiences for a child. In 1931, when Malcolm Little was just 6 years old, His father was found dead near some streetcar rails. Earl’s family believed he was murdered because of the constant death treats he and his family received, but the police ruled it as an accident, refusing to give the family Earl’s life insurance bonus. This sent Malcolm’s Mother, Louise, into a nervous breakdown that she never recovered from. These events were what most likely influenced Malcolm X to pursue racial unity for all.

How did Malcolm X try to get peace between races ?: When Malcolm X joined the Nation of Islam he published the national newspaper, “Muhammad Speaks,” named after the leader of the Nation of Islam, Elijah Muhammad. This helped him get his word out about his beliefs of segregation and racism. During some of his speeches he said the following, “By any means necessary,” meaning African Americans should exile racism however they can. He also said in one of his speeches, “You don't have a peaceful revolution. You don't have a turn-the-cheek revolution,” again meaning racism must be stopped any way possible. Later on when he left The Nation of Islam, he founded the OAAU or Organization of Afro-American Unity to help spread his beliefs faster and stronger.

Malcolm X and Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. waiting for a press conference.

Malcolm’s biggest positive outcome: Malcolm X’s biggest positive outcome was the amount of followers he gained with The Nation of Islam. With his skills of being an extremely influential public speaker Malcolm gained hundreds of followers who supported his dream of racial unity. His supporters kept Malcolm going in the rough times and carried on his message. This positively lead him to becoming a great national leader.

The stage where Malcolm X was assassinated.

The consequences that Malcolm X had to negatively face: In his childhood Malcolm had to face many things no child should ever face and this was a very negative thing that lead him to becoming a great leader. Later on, in school Malcolm wanted to pursue being a teacher but his teacher dismissed that thought and said because he was black he should pursue carpentry. This lead to him dropping out and choosing a life of crime in Boston. Years later, the police arrested him and put him in prison. During his time in prison he met The Nation of Islam and joined the Nation and stayed long after prison. During his career with The Nation, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. made this quote, “I feel that Malcolm has done himself and our people a great disservice,". The two leaders disagreed with the way each of them spread their word. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Had more of a positive approach to ending racism, while Malcolm X wanted to end racism by any way possible. During the end of his career he labeled JFK’s assassination in 1963, “A case of chickens coming home to roost,” this led to a 90 day suspension from The Nation of Islam. Afterwards when he left The Nation of Islam, his house was firebombed on February 14, 1965. Then, a week later. He was assassinated at the Audubon Ballroom in Manhattan New York, while giving a speech. Three members of The Nation of Islam were arrested and sentenced to life in prison.

The backstage area of where Malcolm was shot.

My personal opinion on if Malcolm X was successful in reaching his goal in his life: Absolutely, Malcolm X had a bit of a bumpy road to get to where he was but that road was a great one. In the beginning with The Nation of Islam he made the following of the Nation grow over 39,000 members in only 8 years and many of those followers stayed with him after his split with the nation and after his assassination to help him carry out his dream. Later on, Malcolm X’s assassination brought a lot of attention to the civil rights movement and many more people believed in what he believed in helping the movement just that much more.

The world would look so much different without Malcolm X. Without him, the battle for civil rights might still be going on. Even though, “Muhammad Speaks” brought a lot of attention to The Nation of Islam, it also brought a lot of attention to Malcolm. Without that added attention Malcolm wouldn’t have nearly as many followers as he did and without those extra followers, the civil rights movement would be 40,000 or more protesters and activists as it did. Also him writing, “Muhammad Speaks” brought attention from all over the nation! While The Nation’s outlook on segregation was not right it did still bring attention from all over the country and many of those supporters stayed with Malcolm after his split, bringing more people into the light.

All pictures other than pictures 1,4, and 8 in order from top to bottom are supplied by Library of Congress at Loc.gov.

Credits:

Created with images by WikiImages - "man african american black" • Unknown - "Clipart - Malcolm X At Queens Court" • Unknown - "Clipart - Malcolm X Smile"

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