Landscape Design Plant and Soil Science

All the questions written in this document should be answered and turned in at the end of class on your worksheet provided.

Compare and Contrast the two pictures below. What is your initial reaction to the landscape in front of the building?

What aspects go into Landscaping?

Planting of several types of plants like:

  • Ornamental Trees
  • Shrubs
  • Vines
  • Groundcovers
  • Flowers (Annuals and Perennials)
  • Bulbs

Physical Features or Hardscapes like:

  • Fences
  • Terraces
  • Patios
  • Walkways
  • Non-plant features

What values does a landscape have?

Aesthetic Value- adds beauty, pleases the senses, undesirable features can be hidden, and nature sounds like birds, leaves, water splashing cover up work areas like plumbing, propane and other mechanics.

Economic Value- Increases home and property value (can increase 6-15%) and can reduce energy bills by buffering seasonal temperatures.

Functional Value- Add shade to the area, add sun to some areas, habitat for wildlife, and it can help you solve landscaping problems and maintenance (ground cover on steep hill to avoid mowing and prevent erosion).

Environmental Value- Provides more oxygen to provide clean air.

Level of Commitment

Are you going to go DYI or Professional?

Depending on your ability to plan, organize, time commitment and landscaping ability you can do landscaping by yourself.

Xeriscaping- a style of landscape design requiring little or no irrigation or other maintenance.

By the end of this lesson, you will create a landscape plan for a 20'x40' yard.

How do Landscape Architects plan?

Principals of design- Ways we organize or arrange the structural elements of design.

  • Simplicity
  • Balance
  • Proportion
  • Focalization
  • Rhythm and line
  • Unity
  • Elements of effect: form, texture and color.

Among the class, divide the design elements above and find a definition for the term in landscaping.

After, share your definitions with your classmates for their notes.

Using the link below, provide a list of the design elements used in the new landscaped area.

http://www.diynetwork.com/how-to/outdoors/landscaping/landscaping-projects-videos

Making a Landscaping Plan

With the knowledge of principals and elements of design in your mind, you are now going to become a practicing landscaper. You will be provided standard symbols, drawing to scale, a site plan, plants and materials to create your landscape design.

Making a Plan

  • Focus on adding design elements
  • Try to draw to scale
  • General labeling, "medium size shrub" "small red flower" "large maple"
  • Provide details on design element(s) used in landscaping.

Use colors, shapes and labels to create a yard landscape on your worksheet and turn it in at the end of class.

We will continue looking into drawing landscape plans on Thursday.

Credits:

Created with images by HypnoArt - "countryside tree landscape" • m01229 - "Smithsonian Castle" • Dimitris Graffin - "Museum of Ethnography (Néprajzi Múzeum), Budapest" • Unsplash - "flower garden landscape design garden" • MemoryCatcher - "garden formal landscape" • Jay@MorphoLA - "Girolimon Residence- Landscape Plan" • HerryLawford - "Chelsea Flower Show 2014" • m01229 - "Smithsonian Castle" • Jay@MorphoLA - "Girolimon Residence- Landscape Plan" • Dieter_G - "tub decoration front yard"

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