Acid Rain najwa derbas

About acid rain

Acid rain is rain that becomes acidic due to the pollutants in the atmosphere.

It significantly effects humans, plants, and the environment in general.

Causes

Natural Sources: Volcanoes

  • The gases released from a volcano is what causes acid rain.

Burning fossil fuels: Coal

  • When coal is burned it produces sulfur oxides that are let out into the atmosphere.

Human activities: Gas from vehicles

  • Gas from cars and other vehicles releases nitrogen oxide and other pollutants into the air.

Environmental Impact

Lakes

  • When acid rain falls into lakes they become acidic, which is dangerous for living things inside the lake. Usually acidic lakes do not harbor life.

Trees and plants

  • Acid rain falls and washes out the minerals and nutrients in the soil which makes it difficult for the trees and plants to grow. Acid rain releases aluminum into the soil, which is a toxic substance.

Effects on fish

  • Not many fish are able to tolerate the acid in the lakes, but some can. Fish eggs, on the other hand, are not able to hatch in such acidic circumstances. The acid will effect the fish's rate of growth and ability to reproduce.

Solutions

Reduce burning of fossil fuels

  • Instead of burning fossil fuels, people have the option to use renewable energy; like solar or wind power.

Reducing the amount of nitrogen oxide released from cars

  • New cars are able to use cleaner fuels, like natural gas. Electric cars also help reduce the use of fuels.

Washing off coal

  • People could use coal that contains less sulfur than usual. Another option can be to wash coal to take some of the sulfur off.

Credits:

Created with images by ChristopherPluta - "rain after the rain a drop of" • k.steudel - "Dead Fish, Lake Michigan" • Unsplash - "wind farm farm rural"

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