The Vietnam war By: Caleb Adcox

Values/Beliefs

Most United States civilians believed we shouldn't have entered this war in the first place. Across the country, there were many protests on bringing the soldiers home. In 1965, some people have begun questioning the government's overall involvement in the war as they were trying to liberate Southern Vietnamese from communism. By November of 1967 the US reached casualities of 15,058 and more than 100,000 injured. Too keep up with the need for troops, the draft was given to about 40,000 young men a month. Every year the war kept going on, it cost the United States roughly 25 billion dollars a year. All of these problems from the war helped result people to support it less and less.

Tactics

Vietcong's Tactics

  • They fought a guerrilla war which involved ambushing patrols, setting booby traps, and placed bombs in towns.
  • They disguised themselves with the pheasants so that the United States couldn't spot them.
  • They were supplied with their weapons from both Russia and China. (If the United States ever attacked their supply routes it would only up the war).

United States Tactics

  • Fought using a hi-tech war which brought B52 Bombers, artillery, helicopters, napalm and defoliants (Agent Orange). This killed many innocent civilians however.
  • American troops were put on patrols and were backed up with air and artillery when attacked.

Homefront

The Vietnam War brought forth both great and terrible plans.

  • During the Vietnam War, The United States needed more troops at the time and were trying to lower the draft age to 17 years old. This brought a lot of problems with being parents didn't want their children to fight at such a young age.
  • The US had an All-Volunteer Force which would help raise the military man power a lot easier.
  • The United States also gave jobs for ammunition factories, clothing, and many more.

Music

  • "Eve of Destruction" by Barry Mcguire sings about how young men were "Old enough to kill but not to vote". This song shares how tough this war actually was on the soldiers in the war.
  • Donovan – “Universal Soldier” sings about how men were all different but worked together to achieve their goals of ending the war. This song shows that it didn't matter about your background; only about the battle ahead of them.
  • Eric Burdon and the Animals – “Sky Pilot” sings about how guys in charge of their men would try to prepare them for what they will see. This song shows that it was really hard to prepare the soldiers for what was to come.

Propaganda

Passage to Freedom- It was an operation by French and American forces to evacuate a large amount of civillians to South Vietnam. To have them relocate, South Vietaamese soldiers would dress up as civillians and spread false rumors to persuade them.

Chieu Hoi Program- When defective soldiers from the other side quit they received a letter to go back to the government. They would receive cash, medical treatment, and an education.

Posters in The United States- Posters used depicted what could happen to our country if we didn't go and fight. The reception brought forth both good things but also bad by people protesting on why we were in the war in the first place.

Protests

Most United States civilians believed we shouldn't have entered this war in the first place. Across the country, there were many protests on bringing the soldiers home. In 1965, some people have begun questioning the government's overall involvement in the war as they were trying to liberate Southern Vietnamese from communism. By November of 1967 the US reached casualities of 15,058 and more than 100,000 injured. Too keep up with the need for troops, the draft was given to about 40,000 young men a month. Every year the war kept going on, it cost the United States roughly 25 billion dollars a year. All of these problems from the war helped result people to support it less and less.

Media

  • The Vietnam War was the most publicized war in history showing nearly all the action on a daily basis.
  • Before the war, only 5 percent of people owned a television.
  • By the end of the war, 96 percent of people had a television.
  • 58 percent of people said the tv was how they received their news.
  • It showed actual footage of the conflict happening live and revealed all the blood and terror involved for soldiers to deal with on a daily basis.

Economics

The Vietnam War mostly strained the economy. With the war being top priority, factories were used for making things such as weapons instead of goods for the average American. Also, funds weren't coming back to the economy which resulted imbalances of payments. The United States also put 168 billion dollars into this war which didn't help boost the economy.

Government/ Foreign Policy

Many people today wonder why the United States entered the war in the first place. The United States closest official start for the war was on 1961 and brought twelve years of bloody conflict.

  • A total of 2.7 million American troops served in Vietnam over that twelve year span which shows how committed the government was.
  • The United States spent 168 billion dollars on this war instead of helping themselves.
  • The United States failed to achieve its objective of preserving an independent, non-communist state in South Vietnam.

The Draft

  • About two thirds of the American military volunteered for the war; while the rest were forced to go by the Draft.
  • When the war began, names of all men who were old enough for the Draft were collected by the Selective Service System to be drafted at some point in the war.
  • Local draft boards would decide who was fit for duty and who was not.
  • On 27, 1973 the draft closed for the Vietnam War helping to end it as a whole.

Family Roles

  • The men would be sent to war through the draft and many lost their lives and did not come home to their families.
  • Around 11,000 women volunteered to fight but, most of them became nurses on the battlefield. Mostly, women had jobs such as physicians, air traffic controllers, intelligence officers, clerks and other positions.
  • Children would go to school and get an education. Once the boys turned 18 and graduated they were most likely drafted.

Re-Integration Into Society

  • When soldiers returned home, it was hard for them to go back to normal life based off of all the horrors they faced.
  • Some soldiers needed mental help for what they did like for example, hold their dying fellow soldiers in their arms.
  • On the battlefield, soldiers had to deal with explosions, searching dead bodies for intelligence, minutes of terror, and lots of blood.
  • Many men and women were never the same after this war.
  • Many became unemployed due to the problems they had to deal with from this war.

Purpose

Overall, the main purpose for this war was to preserve an independent, non-communist state in South Vietnam. However, we were unsecessful in achieving this and lost a lot more than it was worth. For example, our economy suffered, families suffered, and the entire country was hit with how large this defeat really was.

Racial Equality

  • The Vietnam War saw the highest amount of African American Soldiers in any American Wars for just volunteering. They made up 25 percent of the military for only 13 percent of the entire population.
  • However, they were most likely to be put up on the first line giving them the highest casuality rate of 25 percent killed in action.
  • They were also looked upon as suitable for war for the first time in United States history.

Works Cited

  • http://www.history.com/topics/vietnam-war/vietnam-war-protests
  • http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/history/mwh/vietnam/thewarinvietnamrev2.shtml
  • http://thevietnamwar.info/how-vietnam-war-affect-america/
  • http://thevietnamwar.info/u-s-propaganda-vietnam-war/
  • http://thevietnamwar.info/media-role-vietnam-war/
  • http://www.politico.com/story/2012/01/us-military-draft-ends-jan-27-1973-072085
  • http://www.history.com/topics/vietnam-war/women-in-the-vietnam-war
  • https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2013/apr/13/vietnam-veterans-not-thanked-for-military-service
  • http://www.pbs.org/opb/historydetectives/feature/african-americans-in-combat/
  • https://pjmedia.com/lifestyle/2014/11/26/10-songs-that-embody-the-vietnam-war-era/

Credits:

Created with images by Kevitivity - "The Traveling Wall - Vietnam Memorial - Vakencia CA," • WikiImages - "viet nam war soldier young" • rich701 - "Nakajima Aircraft, Ota, Japan 1945 25 of 37" • manhhai - "1951 Vietnam War Propaganda Poster - Trường Huấn-Luyện KHÔNG QUÂN VIỆT-NAM" • manhhai - "Saigon March 29, 1973 - Tan Son Nhut Air Base" • Osbornb - "Abbie Hoffman" • Sean McMenemy - "Thank You"

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