Yellow Fever - an acute viral disease transmitted by infected mosquitoes. The "yellow" in the name refers to the jaundice that affects some patients.
Army physician James Carroll endangered his own health in the name of science. On August 27, 1900, Carroll allowed an infected mosquito to feed on him. He developed a severe case of yellow fever but helped his colleague, Walter Reed, prove that mosquitoes transmitted the feared disease.
Symptoms: Fever, Headache, Sensitivity to Light, Nausea, Dizziness & Red Eyes, Face or Tongue.
The pathogen is passed on by the bite of an infected female mosquito. It infects only humans, other primates, and several species of mosquitoes
There is no cure for the infection itself so treatment of yellow fever focuses on easing the symptoms and hospitalization is usually needed.
This disease has contributed to science and medicine by showing the caution needed when around natural environments and the dangers of mosquitoes.
Works Cited: https://www.cdc.gov/yellowfever/ http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs100/en/ http://www.webmd.com/a-to-z-guides/yellow-fever-symptoms-treatment#1