Composition PRESENTATION: Creating a whole image out of multiple elements

“Composition should be a constant of preoccupation, being a simultaneous coalition – an organic coordination of visual elements.” - Henri Cartier-Bresson

Perspective, Point of View

Directly Below
Side View
From a Distance
Up Close
Overhead - Observer
Close-Up - Intimate Participant
Low Angle - Creating Perspective
Personal Point of View
Forced Point of View

“Consulting the rules of composition before taking a photograph is like consulting the laws of gravity before going for a walk.” - Edward Weston Read

Framing Elements

Tree Canopy Frame
Architectural Frame
Breaking the Frame
Dominant Frame - Pattern Breaking
Bush, Tree Branch Frame
Tree Branch Frame and Element
Perspective, Framing, Exclusion, Leading Lines, Motion Blur, Rule of Thirds

“The four most important lines of any image are the ones that are often least recognized consciously – the frame.” - John Paul Caponigro, Illuminating Creativity


Super Girl
Super Bouncer
Reducing Negative Space
Include Surrounding Elements

Background, Foreground

Background, Foreground

Foreground Subject Echoed in Background
Visual Interaction of Foreground and Background
Foreground Focus, Background Blur
Foreground Blur, Background Focus
Watching the Action
Eye lines connecting foreground and background

Focus Blur - Depth of Field

Focus Blur

Singling Out One Person
Removing a Subject from it's Surroundings
Detailing One of Many
Diffusing Background for Less Distraction
Recognizable Elements, but Attention on Subject

Guides and Lines

Rule of Thirds

Subject on Line
Subject on Intersection Point
Subject on Line - Moving into Frame
Right and Bottom Third with Interest at Intersection - Dark to Light Contrast
Balance offset with subject on left third line

Odds - Contrast

Odd Numbers - Dark to Light Contrast


Patterns, Odd Numbers, Dark to Light Contrast


Fibonacci - Golden Ratio
Fibonacci - Golden Ratio
Fibonacci - Golden Ratio

Leading Lines

Perspective Lines
Light Lines
Perspective Lines
Dotted Lines
Leading Lines - Symmetry



Symmetry, Top to Bottom
Shows Strength and Stability
Simplicity and Balance
Symmetrical Subject

"Great photography is about depth of feeling, not depth of field." - Peter Adams


Balance Through Symmetry
Balance by Offset
Off Balance - Visual Frame
Visual Frame, Point of View, Balance
Photography, as a powerful medium of expression and communications, offers an infinite variety of perception, interpretation and execution. - Ansel Adams

"Taking pictures is savoring life intensely, every hundreth of a second." - Marc Riboud

photos by Geoff Hammond

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