Have you ever heard of la historia de espana? If you have, you will have the chance to learn even more about it. And if you haven't, heres where you can learn.
The ancient pit stops were a great place to get cobre, hierro, madera y plata. It was also a stop to trade.
Celtas were the first to invade Spain
Celtas were from present day France / next to Iberos and Celtiberos
Celtas have Northern part of Spain and the Iberos have the Southern part of spain
Celtiberos were the first to inhabit Spain
Celtas and Iberos combined to the Celtiberos
Iberian Peninsula name comes from these people
Galicia still has influences of Celtic culture (bagpipes, language)
Kingdom of the Visigoths, Come out of Germany, Took over Spain. Arabs, Berbers, Syrians from North Africa invaded the peninsula in 711 A.D.
easily defeat Visigoth Kingdoms conquering nearly all of the peninsula
La Reconquista! - Almost continual fight between Christian reinos in north of peninsula and Muslims, who controlled the south.
Jesus comes into view from Rome
Muslim Spain called “Al-Andalus” in Arabic Santiago “Matamoros” -Patron Saint of Spain
Fernando of Aragon- Fat slob
Isabel of Castilla - Bloodthirsty savage, married in 1469 somehow
Uniting Christian kingdoms against the Moors
solidified their power through religion; military success Ended Reconquista by defeating Moors in Granada in 1492
THE INQUISITION-1492: last Moorish king defeated; all Muslims remaining in Spain forzado to leave or convert to Christianity 1502: Given the success against the Muslims, it is now decided that all Jews need to leave Spain or convert to Christianity
Pope Sixtus IV
Pope Innocent IV
But how do we know they've converted? We interrogated and tortured them until they confess--or put them on trail and later execute (or burn) them!!
GOLD DIGGERS- Juana daughter of Fernando and Isabel
Marries Felipe ( el Hermoso) of the poderoso Habsburg family Juana known as “La Loca”
Legend has it when Felipe died, she carried his coffin through the streets of Granada, stopping often to kiss the dead corpse of the dead king.
Carlos 1-Son of Juana la Loca and Felipe el Hermoso
Holy Roman Emperor
Charles V of Austria/Germany
Under his rule, Spanish Empire grew rapidly-Conquistas of Incas, Aztecs
Gold, silver flooded into Spain from Americas, along with new cultivos: maíz, papas, frutas
ROAD WARRIOR- Carlos V used the fondos that were pouring in from the colonies to subsidize the many religious wars he was fighting across Europe
Spain under Carlos V became one of the strongest defenders of Catholicism, as it fought to stop the spread of Protestant Reformation across Europe
He passed on this legado to his successor, his son Felipe
FELIPE II-FAMILY FEUD-continued wars against Protest
In 1554, he married Mary Tudor of England in an attempt to create an international Catholic Alianza. A male heir from this marriage would have become King of England, however, there was no son and the protestant Elizabeth I came to power in England
Annexed Portuga, Dutch declare independence from Spain : starts war involving England
in 1588 Spain's Invincible Armada defeated by England
EL GRECO - Pintor from Greece, his real name is Domenikos Theotokopoulos Traveled to Spain in search of work in the decoration of El Escorial
Felipe II hated his style and refused to hire him El greco moves to Toledo and hits it big time
MORE HABSBURG KINGS -Felipe II is succeeded by his son, the aptly name Felipe III (1598-1621)
Felipe III dies and his son takes the trono. Guess what his name was?
Yep, Felipe IV reigns from 1621-1665
Felipe IV reigns over one of the richest cultural periods in Spanish history: the Siglo de Oro
Siglo de Oro - Literature, Drama, Arte La vida es sueño by Pedro Calderon de la Barca
Lope de Vega, Tirso de Mol
Character of Don Juan introduced-image of “Latin Lover” created
END OF HABSBURG-Felipe IV’s son, Carlos II He died in 1700, leaving no heredero to ascend to the throne of Spain
WAR- War of Spanish Succession pitted royal families and their nations against each other to see who would rule Spain. War ends in 1713, with Spain losing Gibraltar to the English
Felipe V, the Bourbon grandson of Louis XIV, becomes king of Spain. The Bourbon family remains the royal family of Spain today.
THE BOURBONS-Competent rulers, but more concerned with life at court
Efforts to convert Spain into a modern state, based on Neoclassical ideas of the Enlightenment
CARLOS IV-Grandson of Felipe V (son of Carlos III) Total incompetence
Dealing with Napoleon leads us to use of lots of dynamite
WAR!!-rebellion of 2 May 1808 in Madrid begins War of Spanish Independence
Joseph Bonaparte was removed from throne of Spain in 1812
during these upheavals, most of the colonies in America gained independence. Constitution of 1812 establishes a parliamentary monarchy in Spain
FERNANDO VII-son of Carlos IV, he returned from exile in France to rule after defeat of Napoleon’s troops. Totalitarian rule which constantly at odds with liberals who wanted to expand on Constitution of 1812
Died in 1833, leaving only a daughter, Isabel the 2nd
MORE BOURBON TROUBLES-Fernando VII dies without a male heir, leaving only his daughter, Isabel The country is divided on the issue of a woman ruler supporters of Fernando's brother, Carlos face off against more liberal supporters of Isabel in several “Guerras Carlistas”
Isabel II reigned from 1833-1868
THOSE CRAZY BOURBONS-Isabel II ruled through political turmoil, with the Carlists continually opposing her authority.
But “The Glorious Revolution” removes Isabel II from power in 1868
A short-lived experiment places king Amadeo de Saboya, an Italian, on the throne from 1870-1873
HERE WE GO AGAIN - The Bourbons return to the throne with the reign of Alfonso XII from 1875 -1885, followed by his son Alfonso XII from 1902-1931 Alfonso XIII was born in 1885 (shortly after his father's death) and his mother oversaw the government as his regent in the interim. In Typical Bourbon fashion, Spain quickly begins a downslide, marked by the loss of it last remaining colonies in 1989 and embarrassing military defeats in Morocco
The Second Republic of Spain is established in 1931, ushering in an era of hope and optimism.
They set up a new, progressive constitution, which gives women the right to vote, allows divorce, separates the Church from the State, and creates public schools.