Basic Spanish Anna nguyen

Spanish Alphabet and Their Pronunciations

  • a: ah
  • b(be): bay
  • c(ce): say
  • ch(che): chay
  • d(de): day
  • e(e): ay
  • f(efe): ay-fay
  • g(ge): hay
  • h(hache): ah-chay
  • i: ee
  • j(jota): ho-ta
  • k(ka): kah
  • l(ele): ay-lay
  • ll(elle): ay-yay
  • m(eme): ay-may
  • n(ene): ay-nay
  • ñ(eñe): ay-nyay
  • o: oh
  • p(pe): pay
  • q(cu): koo
  • r(ere): ay-ray
  • rr(erre): ay-rray
  • s(ese): ay-say
  • t(te): tay
  • u: oo
  • v(ve): vay
  • w(doble ve): do-blay vay
  • x(equis): a-kees
  • y(i griega): ee gree-ay-ga
  • z(zeta): say-ta

Ñ is pronounced 'n-yay'. LL (ele) is pronounced 'ay-yay', it makes 'yay' sound. H is always silent in Spanish. D, when between two vowels it makes a 'th' sound (example: noda is natha). J, G,X makes the 'h' sound but there's are some exceptions. J ALWAYS make the 'h' sound, G makes the 'h' sound when it comes before an 'e' or 'i', X makes the 'tt' sound when in a native language.

Numbers:

0. cero

  1. uno
  2. dos
  3. tres
  4. cuatro
  5. cinco
  6. seis
  7. siete
  8. ocho
  9. nueve
  10. diez
  11. once
  12. doce
  13. trece
  14. catorce
  15. quince
  16. dieciseies
  17. di
  18. dieciocho
  19. diecihueve
  20. viente
  21. veintiuno
  22. veintidos
  23. veintres
  24. veinticuatro
  25. veinticinco
  26. veintiseis
  27. veintisiete
  28. veintiocho
  29. veintinueve
  30. treinta

40. cuarenta

50. cincuenta

60. sesenta

70. setenta

80. ochenta

90. noventa

100. cien

Whenever you're saying, for example, 41; you would say it like 'cuarenta y uno'. 'Cuarenta' for 40, 'y' for and, and uno for one.

  • ¿Qué hora es? - what time is it?
  • En punto - on the dot
  • YOU ALWAYS SAY THE TIME STARTING WITH 'SON LAS' WHEN IT'S AFTER ONE

Through 1 to 1:59, you would start with 'es la una'.

  • media - half (30 min)
  • cuarto - 1/4 (15 min)
  • menos - minus
  • hora - hour
  • minuto - minite
For example, the time for this in Spanish is 'son las dies y cuarto'.
Another example, this time in Spanish is 'son las seis menos uno'. This is saying that it is one minute to 7.

Flying into the seasons!

Seasons of the Years:

  • Winter: invierno
  • Spring: primavera
  • Summer: verano
  • Autumn: otoño

¿Qué tiempo hace? - What's the weather like?

El tiempo refers to the weather.

  • Hace mal tiempo: weather is bad
  • Hace buen tiempo: weather is good
  • Hay una tormenta: there's a storm
It's hot: hace calor
It's cold: hace frio
It's sunny: hace sol
It's windy: hace viento
It's raining: llueve
Lightning: relampago
It's snowing: nieva

Ar Verb List:

  • partinar - to skate
  • bailar - to dance
  • dibujar - to draw
  • cantar - to sing
  • escuchar - to listen
  • hablar - to talk
  • montar - to ride
  • nadar - to swim
  • pasar - to pass
  • usar - to use
  • trabajar - to work
  • practicar - to practice
  • buscar - to search/look for
  • sacar - to take out
  • tocar - to touch/to play an instrument
  • estudiar - to study
  • ensenar - to teach
  • caminar - to walk
  • nescitar - to need
  • llevar - to take, to wear
  • llegar - to arrive
  • tomar - to drive/to take
  • cotar - to cut
  • gastar - to spend
  • parar - to stop
  • preguntar - to ask
  • prestar - to loan

Er Vocab List:

  • correr - to run
  • toser - to cough
  • prender - to switch on, cut on
  • prometer - to promise
  • leer - to read
  • ver - to see (ver=yo would be veo)
  • comer - to eat
  • creer - to believe
  • beber - to drink
  • deber - to ought to
  • romper - to break
  • vender - to sell
  • esconder - to hide

Ir Verb Vocab:

  • vivir - to live
  • escribir - to write
  • abrir - to open
  • recibir - to receive
  • cubrir - to cover
  • asistir - to attend
  • decidir - to decide
  • subir - to rise, climb, go up
  • imprimir - to print
  • cumprir - to complete

For regular er/ir/ar verbs, you would have to conjugate the words to make it make sense. For example, for the sentence 'Nosotros _____(correr)', you would have to conjugate 'correr' to make it make sense with 'nosotros'. In order to do this, you would have to drop the 'er' at the end of the verb and add 'emos' in order to conjugate it making the work 'corremos'. The full sentence now would be, 'Nosotros corrermos'.

Following the chart above will make conjugating er/ir/ar verbs easier.

Another example is 'Yo ____(escribir) muchas cartas'; in this case, we are conjugating the word 'escribir'. We are going to refer to the chart above; when using 'yo' you would always use 'o', which makes everything easier. For 'escribir', you would drop it 'ir' at the end of the verb and replace it with 'o'. Now the sentence would look like, 'Yo escribo muchas cartas'.

'Ser' and 'Estar' both means 'to be' but they are both used differently. Refer to the chart below.

'Ser' is used for description, occupation, characteristics, time (es, son), origin, and relation; spelling DOCTOR. 'Estar' is used for position, location, action, condition, and emotion; spelling out PLACE.

Anna: Hola Anthony!

Anthony: Hola Anna!

Anna: Que estas haciendo?

Anthony: Caminando para practicar.

Anna: Donde?

Anthony: Yo estoy en la escuela.

Anna: Tu por que no tomas?

Anthony: No, yo soy perezoso.

Anthony: Que estas haciendo?

Anna: Estoy comiendo.

Anthony: Tengo que ir!

Anna: Adios!

Anthony: Adios!

Credits:

Created with images by jenny downing - "with each sunrise....." • braetschit - "alphabet soup letters soup" • andymag - "Rust numbers" • skeeze - "clock concourse grand central station" • themtube2 - "IMG_8598" • Alan Cleaver - "Alarm Clock 1" • freeman_joe - "birds asian openbill vole" • jill111 - "summer pool woman" • jill111 - "hot chocolate snow winter" • jill111 - "cherries in a bowl fruit summer" • Nicholas_T - "Ablaze" • ddouk - "weather vane wind sky" • kudumomo - "Hot Sunny Bagan" • PublicDomainPictures - "coat cold cute" • MSVG - "Sunny Perspective" • TanteTati - "reed plant wind" • Heliophiliac, sentimental, nostalgic. - "Rain" • Andreas Øverland - "Lightning Reflexes [Explored]" • Flikkersteph -5,000,000 views ,thank you! - "snow" • Leo Hidalgo (@yompyz) - "Talk"

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