Diabetes Type 1

A chronic condition in which the pancreas produces little or no insulin. It lasts a life time. the body’s immune system attacks and destroys the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas.Your body doesn’t produce the hormone insulin, and without that, your body can’t properly get the energy and fuel it needs from glucose because it cant get into the cells. people with type 1 diabetes rely on insulin. scientists believe that both genetic factors and environmental triggers are involved.

  • Only 5% of people have this form of diabetes.
  • Type one diabetes are usually identified in children and young adults, which is also known as juvenile diabetes.
  • The body doesn't produce insulin.
  • The hormone insulin has to get glucose to the bloodstream and into the cells of the body.
  • Your body breaks down everything you eat, which is used for energy.
  • Exercise is good for everyone and very important for children with diabetes.

Symptoms include increased thirst, frequent urination, hunger, fatigue, and blurred vision.

  1. Treatment aims at maintaining normal blood sugar levels through regular monitoring, insulin therapy, diet, and exercise.
  2. Excessive urination.

BASIC RECOMMENDATIONS FOR A DIABETIC DIET

  1. A good guideline for diabetics is to limit total carbohydrate consumption to 45-60 per meal. (no more than a 180 grams a day)
  2. A good guideline for a diabetic plate of food would be ¼ protein, ¼ starch, ½ non-starchy vegetables.
  3. Daily the ratio percentage of grams in the diet for a diabetic should be: 55:20:25 (carbs:fats:protein).

Diet and exercise also play important roles in helping keep your blood sugar levels stable. You need to make healthy food choices and eat consistent amounts through the day.

  • Eat less unhealthy fat
  • Get enough fiber
  • Cut back on the saturated fats you find in high-fat meats like bacon and regular ground beef, as well as full-fat dairy like whole milk and butter.
  • Eat little snacks throughout the day.

Role of Blood Sugar and adjustment of Insulin of A1C.

The A1C test is a common blood test used to diagnose type 1 and type 2 diabetes and then to gauge how well you're managing your diabetes. The A1C test goes by many other names, including glycated hemoglobin, glycosylated hemoglobin, hemoglobin A1C and HbA1c

Insulin is a hormone produced in the pancreas by special cells, called beta cells. It is needed to move blood sugar (glucose) into cells. Inside the cells, glucose is stored and later used for energy. With type 1 diabetes, beta cells produce little or no insulin.Without enough insulin, glucose builds up in the bloodstream instead of going into the cells. This buildup of glucose in the blood is called hyperglycemia. The body is unable to use the glucose for energy. This leads to the symptoms of type 1 diabetes.

Exercise recommendations

Exercise makes it easier to control your blood glucose (blood sugar) level. Exercise benefits people with type 1 because it increases your insulin sensitivity. When you go to exercise you need to monitor your blood level before and after exercising. Do not over work yourself either. and make sure to always have a snack.

Exercise ideas:
  • Cardiovascular or aerobic
  • jogging or running
  • power-walking
  • cycling
  • power yoga
  • even gardening

Any exercise that raises your heart rate will lower your blood sugar.

Perspective from a type 1 Diabetic

Jada’s type 1 diabetes story.

“Your daughter is diabetic.” are the words that came out of the doctor's mouth to Jada’s mother. At 8 years old, Jada’s mother started noticing some weird things with her daughter. They had many nights where Jada couldn't sleep and had pain in her stomach. She had dark circles under her eyes for weeks and always had to use the bathroom. Her mother finally decided to take her to the doctor. They waited for the doctor to come back with the results. The doctor finally came back with the results and told Jada’s mother that her daughter was diabetic. The doctor soon then explained that Jada would have to be put on an insulin pump for the rest of her life. The nurse finally came to in to show Jada how to use the needle for the insulin pump, as her mother and father stood there crying for their daughter.

Sources

  • Diabetes Meal Plans and a Healthy Diet: American Diabetes …
  • Diabetes diet: Create your healthy-eating plan - Mayo Clinic
  • Diabetic Diet: Facts about What, How Much, and When to Eat

Credits:

Created with images by cogdogblog - "Life Gadget" • TesaPhotography - "diabetes blood finger"

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