Eating Disorders By: Emilie Walter

Anorexia Nervosa- Trying to maintain a below-normal weight through starvation or too much exercise. Symptoms include:

  • Dehydration
  • Dizziness
  • Low blood pressure
  • Low body temperature

You can start to get anxiety, depression, apprehension, or guilt. Anorexia Nervosa can start to increase the health risks like reduction of bone density, muscle loss and weakness, severe dehydration, kidney failure, and dry hair and skin.

The National Association of Anorexia Nervosa and Associated Disorders states that approximately eight million people in the U.S. have anorexia nervosa, bulimia, and related eating disorders.

Bulimia Nervose- Binge eating then avoiding weight gain. Symptoms include:

  • Binge eating
  • Compulsive behavior
  • Self-harm
  • Vommitting after eating

Having buimia nervosa can create health risks such as irregular heartbeat leading to heart failure and death, gastric rupture, inflammation, and possible rupture of the esophagus, tooth decay, peptic ulcers and pancreatitis.

Binge Eating Disorder- Binge eating is when you:

  • Consume food faster than normal until uncomfortably full
  • Large amount of food when not hungry
  • Alone due to embarrassment over how much one is eating
  • Disgusted
  • Depressed
  • Guilty after the binge

Health risks from binge eating are high blood pressure, high cholesterol levels, heart disease, type two diabetes mellitus, and gallbladder disease.

Fiver factors that contribute to eating disorders are biological, psychological, social, interpersonal, and genetics.

  • Biological: In some individuals, certain chemicals in the brain that control hunger, appetite, and digestion have been found to be unbalanced causing someone to have an eating disorder.
  • Psychological: Low self-esteem; feelings of inadequacy or lack of control in life; depression, anxiety, anger, stress or loneliness.
  • Social: Cultural pressures that say that women should have a specific body weight and shape or else you're not accepted by others.
  • Interpersonal: Troubled personal relationships; difficulty expressing emotions and feelings; history of being teased or ridiculed based on size or weight; history of physical or sexual.
  • Genetics: Individuals who are born with certain genotypes are at heightened risk for the development of an eating disorder. This also means that eating disorders are heritable. Individuals who have had a family member with an eating disorder are 7-12 times more likely to develop one themselves.

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