Cattle An animal that advanced humanity

Cattle could pull plows allowing more land to be plowed, more crops to be planted, a larger surplus, a larger population, and more specialists.

Cattle are one of the most useful of the big 5, they provided meat, leather, milk, glue, soap, medicine, and could pull wagons, carts, and plows. Cows were not, however, the most intelligent, for example, they wouldn't really respond to a given name.

Pulling wagons and carts could increase the efficiency of transport and trade, allowing humans to obtain more necessary resources to advance.

Cattle are large domestic animals, bulls weigh from 1000-4000 pounds, and cows weigh from 900-2400 pounds. A single cow or bull can provide a lot of food. Cattle can be raised for meat, and food. Cattle raised for meat are called "beef cattle." Cattle raised for milk are called "dairy cattle." Cattle raised for both purposes are called "dual-purpose cattle."

Historians believe that the vikings first brought cattle to America.

There are currently 98.4 million cattle in the United States today.
Cows eat corn, sorghum, hay, and grasses. Cows cannot eat locoweed, death camas, some lupines, and larkspurs as they cause harm to cattle.
Cattle produce 1-2 calves per year. Beef cows breed at an age of 15-18 months. The gestation period is about 283 days. Calves weigh from 50-100 pounds at birth.

Cattle helped increase trade and transport by pulling carts and wagons. They also increased surplus by increasing the efficiency of a plow, allowing more land to be plowed resulting in a larger surplus.

Though not the most intelligent or fastest in reproduction, cattle are one of the most useful of the big 5. Cattle produce or help produce many useful or necessary materials.


Hoffman, M. Peter. "Cattle." World Book Student, World Book, 2017, Accessed 24 Apr. 2017.

Cattle." Britannica School, Encyclop├Ždia Britannica, 13 Jul. 2016. Accessed 24 Apr. 2017.

All images are from Britannica Image Quest

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