The West and the Rest: 1920
The shaded area was ruled by the West while the non-shaded area was independent of the West. It was simply two groupings, the West and the Rest. There was not much diversity occurring during this time.
The Cold War World: 1960s
The areas that are shaded blue were considered to be the free world while the red shaded areas were considered the communist bloc and the green shaded areas were unaligned nations. This book focuses on the post-Cold War world. During this time, people focused on answering the question: Who are we? People answered this question by defining themselves in terms of ancestry, customs, history, institutions, languages, religion, and values.
The World of Civilizations: Post-1990
There are eight major contemporary civilizations. Those civilizations are Sinic, Japanese, Hindu, Islamic, Orthodox, Western, Latin American, and Africa. Civilizations evolve through a time of troubles/conflict to a universal state of decay and disintegration. Civilizations/culture refer to the overall way of life. They have provided the broadest identification for people.
A universal civilization is an idea that includes the cultural coming together of humanity and the increasing acceptance of common values, beliefs, orientations, practices, and institutions by people throughout the world. Modernization is a process equal to the shift from basic to civilized societies. In other words, it is the process of adapting to modern needs or habits of that time period. It involves industrialization, urbanization, education, etc. Westernization is the adoption of Western traditions and customs. Westernization is said to promote modernization, they carry each other.
Huntington, S. (2014). The clash of civilizations and the remaking of world (1st ed.). New York: Simon & Schuster.