Sandy Habitats By John lamond, jenna zanni, matt carabillo, dustin koocher

Sand Dunes: Home to many creatures and wildlife throughout, sand dunes are vital to sandy beaches and as well provide structural support and protection. Dunes are constantly changing as well, however, while they seem always the same they change with wind patterns and move with ocean waves.

Location: 42 41' 6'' -70 45' 48''

Sand Dunes can be affected largely by numerous physical changes such as big storms, wind, and tides are just numerous examples. These changes can change the shape and placement of sand dunes bringing an arrangement of different wildlife.
Sand Dunes also carry many biological characteristics as well. These can include many of the plants and animals that reside in them such as Piping Plovers, Guls, American Beachgrass, and Black Grass. Photo Credit: Island Ecology UNCW
Ways humans impact sand dunes would be by causing erosion by trespassing and walking in areas they aren't allowed which can cause plants to die off and the sand to erode.
Dune Vegetation: http://coastalcare.org/educate/sand-dunes/
The sandy seafloor is a home to many diverse organisms that both live in the sand and out of the sand. Humans take a big part in affecting the seafloor doing things such as trawling.
Physical Characteristics: The sandy sea floors substrate is sand which is mostly made up of granite. Tides and currents greatly change the seafloor as they move the sand and create different environments.
Biological Characteristics: Two categories of species live on the sandy seafloor, infauna and epifauna. Infauna animals are those who live under or in the substrate. Epifauna animals are those who live on top of the substrate. Sea stars, Sand dollars, and sea cucumbers are examples of animals that live on the sandy sea floor. Plant species such as Acid seaweed and Eelgrass are some examples of types of species that live on the seafloor.
Human Impacts: Bottom trawling is a fishing method that drags a large weighted net along the seafloor disrupting and destroying habitats. Dredging as well tears up the seafloor as it takes sand and moves it to other areas.
New England Lobster- https://youtu.be/HO7aLPa7pMU
Sandy Beach's are always changing due to different tides and wind. Human influences can also affect the health of the sandy beach habitat by building houses and pollution like sewage and marine debris.

Location: 42 41' 6'' -70 45' 48''

Physical Characteristics: The sandy beach is constantly changing and is highly affected by tides. The substrate on the beach is sand which is made up of mainly granite. Tides affect the animals that live on the sandy beach.
Biological Characteristics: The sandy beach is home to many animals such as Stone crabs, Quahaug clams, gull species, and can be a nesting habitat for turtles. Plants such as American Beachgrass and Bearberry are species that live throughout parts of the sandy beach.
Human Impacts: Destruction of habitat, erosion, and pollution all are impacts of humans. Humans can also help restore the beach but usually they are the ones to destroy it in the first place. Marine debris gets built up on the beach from littering.
Cranes Beach- http://www.marbef.org/wiki/Sandy_shores
Salt Marsh's are extremely influenced by the oceans tides because of the different tidal zones. It's home and feeds many different organisms. It also acts as a shelter for many diverse, adolescent organisms. Humans impact these marshes by building homes and causing pollution.

Location: 42 30' 31'' -70 47' 14''

Physical Characteristics: The salt marsh is effected by tides. It effects what plants and animals live and grow there. Salt marshes act as sponges during storms and they absorb impact the storms.
Biological Characteristics: Many plants live in the salt marsh and they help to hold together the soil in the marsh. If it wasn't for the plants their wouldn't be any support from the roots to hold the marsh together during storms. Plants such as phragmites, salt marsh hay, and golden rod live in salt marshes. Animals such as mummichogs and glass shrimp inhabit these areas.
Human Impacts: Humans impact salt marshes from things like road salts that can contaminate the waters and kill the plants, building infrastructures that prevent water from flowing in and out of the marsh. People can help this by building culverts.
Salt Marsh With a Tidal Creek-http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Salt_marsh

Photo Credit: Shutterstock

Photo Credit: http://www.shutterstock.com/video/clip-17362645-stock-footage-underwater-shallow-sandy-ocean-floor-with-sunlight-through-water-surface-natural-scene-lagoon-of.html

Photo Credit: http://newenglandboating.com/news/dogfish-still-abundant-in-gulf-of-maine.html

Photo Credit: http://carnivoraforum.com/topic/9652529/1/

http://www.marbef.org/wiki/Sandy_shores

Photo Credit: https://www.pinterest.com/pin/398357529512876657/

Photo Credit: https://www.tripadvisor.com/Attraction_Review-g41626-d482304-Reviews-Crane_Beach-Ipswich_Massachusetts.html

Photo Credit: http://www.atlanticvacationhomes.com/things-to-do/beaches-water-activities/crane-beach-ipswich

Photo Credit: https://www.fws.gov/newengland/

Photo Credit: http://ripr.org/post/study-finds-crabs-destroying-coastal-saltmarshes-rhode-island-and-cape-cod. Website Link: http://oceanservice.noaa.gov/facts/saltmarsh.html

Photo Credit: https://commons.m.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Huntington_beach_state_park_salt_marsh.jpg

Photo Credit: http://www.saltwaternewengland.com/2016/07/salt-marsh-osprey.html

Photo Credit: http://www.climatecentral.org/news/software-could-save-salt-marshes-19888

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