The United States constitution is a written document that was to establish a national government and the six principles that explain the basic rights of U.S. citizens. The constitution was written on September 17, 1787. Before the constitution most the United States functioned as separate countries and not as one nation. The constitution brought the countries together under one national government and established six basic rights for citizens.
Popular Sovereignty is how the government derives its power from the people. First the people are the source of governments powers and without peoples votes and decisions the government could be seen as an absolute power with no freedom. In the preamble of the U.S. constitution it starts with the three words; "We the people..." this means the document that is the rights of government and citizens was made by the people, which means that people give government power.
Limited government prevents government from becoming too powerful. Limited government is based on the idea of rule of law. This means that the government cannot be above the law and are still responsible for their actions. Also limited government describes what the government can and cannot do. In article 1 section 9 clause 7 of the constitution it states that they limit the distribution of currency so the value of money stays the same and their isn't too much money to the point where it becomes worthless. Another example is article 1 section 6 clause 2 this states government officials can only hold one position in government.
Separation of Powers
The separation of powers was a way to make sure there was no misuse of power in government. First the people wanted to make sure that the government doesn't take over and misuse their power. To make sure this didn't happen they split up into 3 parties or groups; legislative branch which makes the laws. the judicial branch interprets laws, and the executive branch carries out laws. Article 1 Section 7 Clause 1 in the U.S. constitution states that all laws raising money have to originate in the House of Representatives. All bills relating to tax must begin in the House of Reps but senate can alter the laws as well. Another example is article 1 section 7 clause 3. This says that every vote of the senate and house of representatives has to be presented to the president and approved or disapproved.